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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #5481 - χαρακτήρ

from the same as (G5482)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
  1. the instrument used for engraving or carving
  2. the mark stamped upon that instrument or wrought out on it
    1. a mark or figure burned in (Lev. 13:28) or stamped on, an impression
    2. the exact expression (the image) of any person or thing, marked likeness, precise reproduction in every respect, i.e facsimile
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 6867 ‑ צָרֶבֶת (tsaw‑reh'‑beth);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (1)
NAS (2)
HCS (1)
BSB (1)
ESV (1)
WEB (1)
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

χᾰρακτήρ, ῆρος, ὁ,


engraver, Euryph. ap. Stob. 4.39.27; one who mints coins, IPE 1216 A 14 (Olbia, iii B. C.).

2. graving tool, Daimachus 4J. (pl.) ap. St.Byz. s.v. Λακεδαίμων.

3. die, stamp, IG 22.1013.64, 1408.11, 1424a120, 280, 1469.107; in a simile, Arist. GA 781a28.

4. branding-iron, Clara Rhodos 2.171 (ii B. C.).

II mark engraved, impress, stamp on coins and seals, ἀργύρου λαμπρὸς χ. E. El. 559, cf. Pl. Plt. 289b, Arist. Pol. 1257a40; coin type, standard, ἦν δ' ὁ ἀρχαῖος χ. δίδραχμον Id. Ath. 10.2, cf. OGI 339.45 (Sestos, ii B. C.), D.S. 17.66; Κότυος χ. Head Hist.Num. 2285 (Thrace, i B. C.): hence, in pl., = χάραγμα 1.2, PFlor. 61.21 (i A. D.): metaph., οἷς ἡ ἀρετὴ εὐδοξίας χαρακτῆρα τοῖς ἔργοις ἐπέβαλεν set a stamp upon them, Isoc. 1.8; Κύπριος (s. v. l.) χαρακτὴρ.. ἐν γυναικείοις τύποις εἰκὼς πέπληκται A. Supp. 282.

2. esp. of figures or letters, οἱ τῶν γραμμάτων χ. Plu. 2.214f; ὁ τύπος τῶν χ. ib.577f, cf. 1120f, D.S. 3.67; of the letters used by Hp. in Epid. 3.1, Zeno and Apollonius ap. Gal. 17(1).618, cf. 524sq.; of a single letter of the alphabet, Jul. Or. 2.72a; ξυλήφια βραχέα ἔχοντα χαρακτῆρα Plb. 6.35.7; brand on a camel, PGen. 29.8 (ii A. D.); of symbols in a prescription, Gal. 13.995; of magical symbols (such as the seven vowels), τῶν χ. ἡ ἀπόρρητος φύσις Jul. Or. 7.216c, cf. Iamb. Myst. 3.13, Sallust. 15; of hieroglyphs, opp. γράμματα, Luc. Herm. 44.

3. metaph., distinctive mark or token impressed (as it were) on a person or thing, by which it is known from others, characteristic, character, χ. γλώσσης, of a particular dialect, Hdt. 1.57, 142; χ. αὑτὸς ἐν γλώσσῃ S. Fr. 176; χ. ἡμεδαπὸς τῶν ῥημάτων Ar. Pax 220; ὁ Ἑλληνικὸς χ. Greek idiom, D.H. Pomp. 3: freq. of persons, feature, ὁ χ. τοῦ προσώπου Hdt. 1.116; εἰληφέναι χαρακτῆρα ἑκατέρου τοῦ εἴδους Pl. Phdr. 263b; οἱ τῆς ὄψεως χ. D.S. 1.91; ἀνδρῶν οὐδεὶς χ. ἐμπέφυκε σώματι E. Med. 519; δεινὸς χ. κἀπίσημος.. ἐσθλῶν γενέσθαι Id. Hec. 379; φανερὸς χ. ἀρετᾶς Id. HF 659 (lyr.); ἠθικοὶ χ., title of work by Thphr.: pl., οἱ χ. the features of the face, J. AJ 13.12.1, cf. OGI 508.13 (Ephesus, ii A. D.); χ. μορφῆς ἐμῆς ib.383.60 (Nemrud Dagh, i B. C., sg.); [ τοῦ ἐμβρύου ] Sor. 1.33 (pl.): hence,

4. type or character (regarded as shared with others) of a thing or person, rarely of an individual nature, ἀνδρὸς χ. ἐκ λόγου γνωρίζεται Men. 72; χ. μοχθηρότατον παραπλάττεσθαι Phld. Rh. 1.6 S.; τὸν χ. τὸν Διογένους Arr. Epict. 3.22.80; τίνα ἔχει χ. τὰ δόγματα; ib. 4.5.17; of nations, Plb. 18.34.7.

5. style, freq. in Rhet., ὁ Δημοσθένους χ. D.H. Dem. 9, cf. Pomp. 1, Cic. QF 2.15(16).5; χ. δικανικός Phld. Rh. 2.137S.; χ. optimi the ideal type, Cic. Orat. 11.36, cf. 39.134; χ. ἰσχνός, μεγαλοπρεπής, γλαφυρός, δεινός Demetr. Eloc. 36, cf. D.H. Dem. 33; χ. λέξεως Id. Lys. 11; χ. Ἀσιανός Str. 13.1.66.

6. impress, image, τῆς ὑποστάσεως [τοῦ θεοῦ ] Hebrews 1:3; πάθους, ἀρετῆς, Longin. 22.1, Eun. Hist. p.243 D.: abs., οἱ Σεβάστειοι χ. the imperial seal, i.e. the emperor himself, IG 5(2).268.24 (Mantinea, i B. C.).

7. Gramm., typical form, A.D. Synt. 20.10, 103.23.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

χαρακτήρ , -ῆρος ,

(< χαράσσω , to engrave),

[in LXX: Leviticus 13:28 (H6867), 2 Maccabees 4:10, 4 Maccabees 15:4 א R *;]

1. a tool for graving.

2. a stamp or impress: as on a coin or seal; metaph., χ . τ . ὑποστάσεως , Hebrews 1:3.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";falsely named"; (1Ti. 6:20), cf. Kaibel 42.4—

ψευδώνυμον ἀλλά με δαίμων

θῆκεν ἀφαρπάξας ὠκύτατ᾽ εἰς Ἀίδα.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
χαρακτηρ χαρακτήρ χαρακτὴρ χαράκωσιν charakter charaktēr charaktḕr
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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