Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #03742 - כְּרוּב

Transliteration
kerûb
Phonetics
ker-oob'
Origin
of uncertain derivation
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TWOT
1036
Definition
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) cherub, cherubim (plural)

1a) an angelic being

1a1) as guardians of Eden

1a2) as flanking God’s throne

1a3) as an image form hovering over the Ark of the Covenant

1a4) as the chariot of Jehovah (figuratively)

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 5502 ‑ Χερούβ (kher‑oo‑beem');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
KJV (89)
Genesis
1
Exodus
17
Numbers
1
1 Samuel
1
2 Samuel
2
1 Kings
20
2 Kings
1
1 Chronicles
2
2 Chronicles
11
Psalms
3
Isaiah
1
Ezekiel
29
NAS (90)
Genesis
1
Exodus
17
Numbers
1
1 Samuel
1
2 Samuel
2
1 Kings
20
2 Kings
1
1 Chronicles
2
2 Chronicles
11
Psalms
3
Isaiah
1
Ezekiel
30
HCS (86)
Genesis
1
Exodus
16
Numbers
1
1 Samuel
1
2 Samuel
2
1 Kings
19
2 Kings
1
1 Chronicles
2
2 Chronicles
11
Psalms
3
Isaiah
1
Ezekiel
28
BSB (92)
Genesis
2
Exodus
17
Numbers
1
1 Samuel
1
2 Samuel
2
1 Kings
20
2 Kings
1
1 Chronicles
2
2 Chronicles
11
Psalms
3
Isaiah
1
Ezekiel
31
ESV (73)
Genesis
1
Numbers
1
1 Samuel
1
2 Samuel
2
1 Kings
20
2 Kings
1
1 Chronicles
2
2 Chronicles
11
Psalms
3
Isaiah
1
Ezekiel
30
WEB (89)
Exodus
16
Numbers
1
1 Samuel
1
2 Samuel
2
1 Kings
20
2 Kings
1
1 Chronicles
2
2 Chronicles
11
Psalms
3
Isaiah
1
Ezekiel
31
Verse Results
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

כְּרוּב pl. כְּרוּבִים m.

(1)  Cherub, in the theology of the Hebrews [i.e. in the revelation of God], a being of a sublime and celestial nature, in figure compounded of that of a man, an ox, a lion, and an eagle (three animals which, together with man, symbolise power and wisdom, Eze 1:1-28 and 10 ). They are first spoken of as guarding paradise, Genesis 3:24, afterwards as bearing the throne of God upon their wings through the clouds, whence, 2 Samuel 22:11, וַיִּרְכַּב עַל כְּרוּב וַיָּעֹף “and he rode upon a cherub, and did fly;” Psalms 18:11, יוֹשֵׁב הַכְּרֻבִים “who sits upon the cherubs;” lastly of the wooden statues of cherubs overlaid with gold, which were in the inmost part of the holy tabernacle (Exodus 25:18, seq.) and of the temple of Solomon (1 Kings 6:23), on the walls of which there were also figures of cherubs carved. A too farfetched idea is that of J. D. Michaëlis, who (Comment. Soc. Gotting. 1752, and in Supplem. p. 1343) compares the cherubs with the equi tonantes of the Greeks.

The etymology of the word is doubtful. As to the word with which I formerly compared it, “Syr. ܟܪܘܽܒܳܐ powerful, strong,” Cast., it was necessary to reject it so soon as I found from the words themselves of Bar Bahlul, that that signification rested on a mistake on the part of Castell (Anecdd. Orient. fasc. i. p. 66). If this word be of Phœnicio-Shemitic origin, either כרב, by a transposition of letters, stands for רכב and כְּרוּב as if רְכוּב divine steed (Psalms 18:11), compare Arab. كَرِيبُ ship of conveyance, or (which is the not improbable opinion of Hyde, De Rel. Vett. Persarum, p. 263) כְּרוּב is i.q. קָרוֹב (comp. كرب = قرب) one who is near to God, ministers to him, one admitted to his presence. Others, as Eichhorn (Introd. in O. T., vol. iii. p. 80, ed. 4), maintain that כְּרוּבִים are the same as the γρύφες (Greifen) griffins of the Persians, guardians of the gold-producing mountains (compare Gen. loc. cit.); [such conjectures are awfully profane;] in this case the root must be sought in the Pers. ثريفتن (greifen) to take hold, to take, to hold. Compare also Rödiger’s Dissertation on the Cherubs, in Ersch and Gruber’s Encyclop. vol. 16, v. Cherub. [Other conjectures are given in Thes.]

(2) [Cherub], pr.n. m. Ezra 2:59; Nehemiah 7:61.

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List of Word Forms
הַכְּר֔וּב הַכְּר֖וּב הַכְּר֗וּב הַכְּר֣וּב הַכְּר֤וּב הַכְּר֥וּב הַכְּר֨וּב הַכְּרֻבִ֑ים הַכְּרֻבִ֔ים הַכְּרֻבִ֖ים הַכְּרֻבִ֗ים הַכְּרֻבִ֛ים הַכְּרֻבִ֤ים הַכְּרֻבִֽים׃ הַכְּרֻבִים֒ הַכְּרֻבִים֩ הַכְּרוּב֙ הַכְּרוּבִ֑ים הַכְּרוּבִ֔ים הַכְּרוּבִ֖ים הַכְּרוּבִ֛ים הַכְּרוּבִ֜ים הַכְּרוּבִ֣ים הַכְּרוּבִ֥ים הַכְּרוּבִֽים׃ הַכְּרוּבִים֒ הַכְּרוּבִים֙ הכרבים הכרבים׃ הכרוב הכרובים הכרובים׃ וְהַכְּרֻבִ֗ים וּכְרוּבִ֔ים וּכְרוּב־ והכרבים וכרוב־ וכרובים כְּ֝רוּבִ֗ים כְּ֭רוּב כְּר֔וּב כְּר֖וּב כְּר֣וּב כְּר֨וּב כְּרֻבִ֖ים כְּרֻבִ֛ים כְּרֻבִֽים׃ כְּרוּבִ֖ים כְּרוּבִ֣ים כְּרוּבִ֧ים כְּרוּבִֽים׃ כְּרוּבִים֙ כְּרוּב־ כְרֻבִ֖ים כְרוּבִ֖ים כרבים כרבים׃ כרוב כרוב־ כרובים כרובים׃ לִכְר֔וּב לַכְּר֗וּב לַכְּרֻבִ֑ים לַכְּרֻבִ֔ים לַכְּרֽוּב׃ לַכְּרוּבִ֑ים לַכְּרוּבִ֗ים לכרבים לכרוב לכרוב׃ לכרובים cheruVim hak·kə·ru·ḇîm hak·kə·rū·ḇîm hak·kə·rūḇ hakkərūḇ hakkəruḇîm hakkərūḇîm hakkeRuv hakkeruVim kə·ru·ḇîm kə·rū·ḇîm ḵə·ru·ḇîm ḵə·rū·ḇîm kə·rūḇ kə·rūḇ- kərūḇ kərūḇ- kəruḇîm kərūḇîm ḵəruḇîm ḵərūḇîm keRuv keruVim lak·kə·ru·ḇîm lak·kə·rū·ḇîm lak·kə·rūḇ lakkərūḇ lakkəruḇîm lakkərūḇîm lakkeRuv lakkeruVim lichRuv liḵ·rūḇ liḵrūḇ ū·ḵə·rū·ḇîm ū·ḵə·rūḇ- ucheruv ucheruVim ūḵərūḇ- ūḵərūḇîm vehakkeruVim wə·hak·kə·ru·ḇîm wəhakkəruḇîm
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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