Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #05234 - נָכַר

Transliteration
nâkar
Phonetics
naw-kar'
Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
1368
Definition
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) to recognise, acknowledge, know, respect, discern, regard

1a) (Niphal) to be recognised

1b) (Piel) to regard

1c) (Hiphil)

1c1) to regard, observe, pay attention to, pay regard to, notice

1c2) to recognise (as formerly known), perceive

1c3) to be willing to recognise or acknowledge, acknowledge with honour

1c4) to be acquainted with

1c5) to distinguish, understand

1d) (Hithpael) to make oneself known

2) to act or treat as foreign or strange, disguise, misconstrue

2a) (Niphal) to disguise oneself

2b) (Piel)

2b1) to treat as foreign (profane)

2b2) to misconstrue

2c) (Hithpael)

2c1) to act as alien

2c2) to disguise oneself

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 153 ‑ αἰσχύνομαι (ahee‑skhoo'‑nom‑ahee);  1097 ‑ γινώσκω (ghin‑oce'‑ko);  1107 ‑ γνωρίζω (gno‑rid'‑zo);  1921 ‑ ἐπιγινώσκω (ep‑ig‑in‑oce'‑ko);  1962 ‑ ἐπινεύω (ep‑een‑yoo'‑o);  2007 ‑ ἐπιτίθημι (ep‑ee‑tith'‑ay‑mee);  526 ‑ ἀπαλλοτριόω (ap‑al‑lot‑ree‑o'‑o);  4097 ‑ πιπράσκω (pip‑ras'‑ko, prah'‑o);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
KJV (49)
Genesis
10
Deuteronomy
5
Judges
1
Ruth
3
1 Samuel
2
2 Samuel
1
1 Kings
4
Ezra
1
Nehemiah
2
Job
8
Psalms
2
Proverbs
4
Isaiah
2
Jeremiah
2
Lamentations
1
Daniel
1
NAS (45)
Genesis
10
Deuteronomy
3
Judges
1
Ruth
5
1 Samuel
1
2 Samuel
2
1 Kings
2
Ezra
1
Nehemiah
2
Job
8
Psalms
2
Proverbs
3
Isaiah
2
Jeremiah
1
Lamentations
1
Daniel
1
HCS (48)
Genesis
10
Deuteronomy
5
Judges
1
Ruth
3
1 Samuel
2
2 Samuel
1
1 Kings
4
Ezra
1
Nehemiah
1
Job
8
Psalms
2
Proverbs
4
Isaiah
2
Jeremiah
2
Lamentations
1
Daniel
1
BSB (49)
Genesis
10
Deuteronomy
5
Judges
1
Ruth
3
1 Samuel
2
2 Samuel
1
1 Kings
4
Ezra
1
Nehemiah
2
Job
8
Psalms
2
Proverbs
4
Isaiah
2
Jeremiah
2
Lamentations
1
Daniel
1
ESV (43)
Genesis
10
Deuteronomy
1
Judges
1
Ruth
3
1 Samuel
2
2 Samuel
1
1 Kings
4
Ezra
1
Nehemiah
2
Job
8
Psalms
2
Proverbs
2
Isaiah
2
Jeremiah
2
Lamentations
1
Daniel
1
WEB (49)
Genesis
10
Deuteronomy
5
Judges
1
Ruth
3
1 Samuel
2
2 Samuel
1
1 Kings
4
Ezra
1
Nehemiah
2
Job
8
Psalms
2
Proverbs
4
Isaiah
2
Jeremiah
2
Lamentations
1
Daniel
1
Verse Results
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2406) rkn (נכר NKR) AC: Know CO: ? AB: ?

V) rkn (נכר NKR) - Know: KJV (50): (vf: Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Piel) know, acknowledge, discern, respect, knowledge, known, feign - Strongs: H5234 (נָכַר)

Nm) rkn (נכר NKR) - I. Foreign:An unknown person, place or thing. II. Disaster:[Unknown connection to root;] KJV (37): strange, stranger, alien - Strongs: H5235 (נֹכֶר), H5236 (נֵכָר)

am) rknm (מנכר MNKR) - Acquaintance: One who is known [df: rkm] KJV (2): acquaintance - Strongs: H4378 (מַכָּר)

fm ) irkn (נכרי NKRY) - Foreigner: One who is not known. KJV (45): stranger, strange, alien, foreigner, outlandish - Strongs: H5237 (נָכְרִי)

hf1) erknm (מנכרה MNKRH) - Minkrah: An unknown plant. KJV (1): pit - Strongs: H4379 (מִכְרֶה)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2021
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

נָכַר not used in Kal; prop. to be foregin, strange (נֵכָר, נָכְרִי).

Piel נִכַּר

(1) to estrange, to alienate. Jeremiah 19:4, “and they have estranged this place,” i.e. consecrated it to other gods. Chald. and Syr. “have polluted.” (Arab. نكر IV. to repudiate, to contemn.) 1 Samuel 23:7, according to the common reading, נִכַּר אֹתֹו אֱלֹהִים בְּיָדִי “God has repudiated him, (and delivered him) into my hand;” but I scarcely doubt but that we ought to read מכר; (LXX. πέπρακεν).

(2) not to know, to be ignorant of, Deuteronomy 32:27. Job 21:29, “ask now those that go by the way, and ye will not be ignorant of their signs;” you will readily know who it is they point out as if with the finger.

(3) i.q. Hiphil, to contemplate, to look at any thing, as strange or little known (Engl. to strange at some thing, [this is Gesenius’s English]), Job 34:19.

Hiphil הִכִּיר i.q. Piel No. 3, to contemplate, to behold, Genesis 31:32; Nehemiah 6:12. הִכִּיר פָּנִים i.q. נָשָׂא פָנִים to have respect of persons (as a judge), to be partial, Deuteronomy 1:17, 16:19 Proverbs 24:23, 28:21 comp. Isaiah 3:9. Hence

(2) to recognise, to acknowledge, Genesis 27:23, 37:33 38:25, 26 Genesis 38:26; Deuteronomy 21:17; Isaiah 61:9.

(3) to be acquainted with (poet.), Job 24:13, 34:25 Isaiah 63:16.

(4) to know, to know how, i.q. יָדַע, in the later Hebrew. Nehemiah 13:24, אֵינָם מַכִּירִים לְדַבֵּר וְהוּדִית “they know not how to speak the Jews’ language.” הִכִּיר לְ i.q. יָדַע בֵּין to know the difference between, Ezra 3:13.

(5) to care for, Psalms 142:5; Ruth 2:10, 19.

Niphal נִכַּר

(1) to make one’s self strange, to make one’s self unknown, i.e. to dissimulate, to feign, like Hithpael No. 2. Proverbs 26:24.

(2) pass. of Hiphil No. 3, to be known, Lamentations 4:8.

Hithpael

(1) pass. of Hiphil No. 2, to be known, recognised, Proverbs 20:11.

(2) i.q. Niphal, No. 1, to dissimulate, to feign, Genesis 42:7; 1 Kings 14:5, 1 Kings 14:6.

Hence הַכָּרָה, מַכָּר and the three nouns which follow. [On the connection of the significations of this root, see Thes. p. 887.]

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List of Word Forms
אַכִּ֞יר אַכִּ֬יר אכיר הִכִּ֔יר הִכִּ֔ירוּ הִכִּ֥ירוּ הִכִּיר֔וֹ הִכִּירֻ֔הוּ הִכִּרֻֽהוּ׃ הַֽכֵּר־ הַֽכֶּר־ הַכֶּר־ הכיר הכירהו הכירו הכר־ הכרהו׃ וַֽיְנַכְּר֞וּ וַיִּתְנַכֵּ֨ר וַיַּכִּירָ֤הּ וַיַּכִּרֵ֑ם וַיַּכִּרֵ֙הוּ֙ וַיַּכֵּ֣ר וַיַּכֵּ֤ר וַיַּכֵּ֥ר וָאַכִּ֕ירָה ואכירה ויכירה ויכר ויכרהו ויכרם וינכרו ויתנכר יְנַכְּר֖וּ יִנָּכֵ֣ר יִתְנַכֶּר־ יַ֝כִּ֗יר יַ֭כִּיר יַכִּ֗יר יַכִּ֥יר יַכִּיר֔וּם יַכִּירֶ֖נּוּ יַכִּירָ֑נוּ יַכִּ֖יר יכיר יכירום יכירנו ינכר ינכרו יתנכר־ לְהַכִּירֵ֔נִי להכירני מִתְנַכֵּרָ֔ה מִתְנַכֵּרָֽה׃ מַ֫כִּ֥יר מַכִּירִ֖ים מַכִּירִים֙ מַכִּירֵ֖ךְ מכיר מכירים מכירך מתנכרה מתנכרה׃ נִכְּר֖וּ נִכַּ֨ר נִכַּר־ נכר נכר־ נכרו תְנַכֵּֽרוּ׃ תַכִּ֖יר תַכִּ֨ירוּ תכיר תכירו תנכרו׃ ’ak·kîr ’akkîr akKir hak·ker- hak·kêr- hakker hakker- hakkêr- hik·kî·rōw hik·kî·rū hik·ki·ru·hū hik·kî·ru·hū hik·kîr hikKir hikkîr hikkiRo hikkîrōw hikKiru hikkîrū hikkiRuhu hikkiruhū hikkîruhū lə·hak·kî·rê·nî lehakkiReni ləhakkîrênî mak·kî·rêḵ mak·kî·rîm mak·kîr makKir makkîr makkiRech makkîrêḵ makkiRim makkîrîm miṯ·nak·kê·rāh mitnakkeRah miṯnakkêrāh nik·kar nik·kar- nik·kə·rū nikkar nikkar- nikkeRu nikkərū ṯak·kî·rū ṯak·kîr takKir ṯakkîr takKiru ṯakkîrū ṯə·nak·kê·rū tenakKeru ṯənakkêrū vaakKirah vaiyakKer vaiyakkiRah vaiyakkiRehu vaiyakkiRem vaiyitnakKer vaynakkeRu wā’akkîrāh wā·’ak·kî·rāh way·nak·kə·rū way·yak·kêr way·yak·kî·rāh way·yak·ki·rê·hū way·yak·ki·rêm way·yiṯ·nak·kêr waynakkərū wayyakkêr wayyakkîrāh wayyakkirêhū wayyakkirêm wayyiṯnakkêr yak·kî·rā·nū yak·kî·ren·nū yak·kî·rūm yak·kîr yakKir yakkîr yakkiRanu yakkîrānū yakkiRennu yakkîrennū yakkiRum yakkîrūm yə·nak·kə·rū yenakkeRu yənakkərū yin·nā·ḵêr yinnaCher yinnāḵêr yiṯ·nak·ker- yitnakker yiṯnakker-
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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