Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #05358 - נָקַם

Transliteration
nâqam
Phonetics
naw-kam'
Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
1413
Definition
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) to avenge, take vengeance, revenge, avenge oneself, be avenged, be punished

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to avenge, take vengeance

1a2) to entertain revengeful feelings

1b) (Niphal)

1b1) to avenge oneself

1b2) to suffer vengeance

1c) (Piel) to avenge

1d) (Hophal) to be avenged, vengeance be taken (for blood)

1e) (Hithpael) to avenge oneself

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 292 ‑ ἀμύνομαι (am‑oo'‑nom‑ahee);  469 ‑ ἀνταπόδοσις (an‑tap‑od'‑os‑is);  1559 ‑ ἐκδιώκω (ek‑dee‑o'‑ko);  3886 ‑ παραλύω (par‑al‑oo'‑o);  467 ‑ ἀνταποδίδωμι (an‑tap‑od‑ee'‑do‑mee);  1817 ‑ ἐξανίστημι (ex‑an‑is'‑tay‑mee);  2920 ‑ κρίσις (kree'‑sis);  1556 ‑ ἐκδικέω (ek‑dik‑eh'‑o);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
KJV (35)
Genesis
2
Exodus
3
Leviticus
2
Numbers
1
Deuteronomy
1
Joshua
1
Judges
2
1 Samuel
3
2 Kings
1
Esther
1
Psalms
3
Isaiah
1
Jeremiah
7
Ezekiel
4
Nahum
3
NAS (42)
Genesis
3
Exodus
3
Leviticus
3
Numbers
1
Deuteronomy
1
Joshua
1
Judges
3
1 Samuel
4
2 Kings
1
Esther
1
Psalms
3
Isaiah
1
Jeremiah
9
Ezekiel
4
Nahum
4
HCS (35)
Genesis
2
Exodus
3
Leviticus
2
Numbers
1
Deuteronomy
1
Joshua
1
Judges
2
1 Samuel
3
2 Kings
1
Esther
1
Psalms
3
Isaiah
1
Jeremiah
7
Ezekiel
4
Nahum
3
BSB (37)
Genesis
4
Exodus
3
Leviticus
2
Numbers
1
Deuteronomy
1
Joshua
1
Judges
2
1 Samuel
3
2 Kings
1
Esther
1
Psalms
3
Isaiah
1
Jeremiah
7
Ezekiel
4
Nahum
3
ESV (27)
Genesis
2
Leviticus
2
Joshua
1
Judges
1
1 Samuel
3
2 Kings
1
Esther
1
Psalms
3
Isaiah
1
Jeremiah
5
Ezekiel
4
Nahum
3
WEB (35)
Genesis
2
Exodus
3
Leviticus
2
Numbers
1
Deuteronomy
1
Joshua
1
Judges
2
1 Samuel
3
2 Kings
1
Esther
1
Psalms
3
Isaiah
1
Jeremiah
7
Ezekiel
4
Nahum
3
Verse Results
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2433) mqn (נקמ NQM) AC: Avenge CO: ? AB: Vengeance: [from: mq- one who raises the hand to avenge another]

V) mqn (נקמ NQM) - Avenge: KJV (35): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hitpael, Hophal, Piel) avenge, vengeance, revenge, take, avenger, punish - Strongs: H5358 (נָקַם)

Nm) mqn (נקמ NQM) - Vengeance: KJV (17): vengeance, quarrel, avenge - Strongs: H5359 (נָקָם)

Nf1) emqn (נקמה NQMH) - Vengeance: KJV (27): vengeance, revenge - Strongs: H5360 (נְקָמָה)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2021
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

נָקַם inf. נְקוֹם, fut. יִקּוֹם to revenge, to take vengeance (Arab. نقم to be angry, to rebuke, to punish; Conj. VIII. to inflict a penalty, to take vengeance. The primary idea is that of breathing forcibly: compare the kindred נָחַם). It stands

(a) absol. Levit. 19:18.

(b) with an acc. of that which, or the person whom one avenges, Deuteronomy 32:43 also followed by עַל Psalms 99:8. In the same sense, Levit. 26:25, הֶרֶב נֹקֶמֶת נְקַם בְּרִית “a sword which avenges the covenant.” Jeremiah 51:36 [Piel], “I will avenge thy vengeance,” i.e. thee.

(c) followed by מִן of him from whom vengeance of any thing is sought to be taken, 1 Samuel 24:13 followed by מֵאֵת Numbers 31:2 מִיַּד 2 Kings 9:7 [Piel]; לְ Nahum 1:2; Ezekiel 25:12 acc. Joshua 10:13. The two constructions, let. a, b, are found together in the following instances: 1 Sam. loc. cit., נְקָמַנִי יְהֹוָה מִמֶּךָּ “Jehovah has avenged me of thee.” Numb. 31:2, נְקֹם נִקְמַת בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל מֵאֵת הַמִּדְיָנִים.

Niphal, to avenge oneself. Ezekiel 25:15, יִנָּֽקְמוּ נָקָם: followed by בְּ of the person on whom vengeance is sought to be taken, Judges 15:7; 1 Samuel 18:25 followed by מִן both of what vengeance is taken for, and also of the person from whom it is sought. מִן Isaiah 1:24; Jeremiah 15:15; Judges 16:28.

Piel, i.q. Kal, 2 Kings 9:7, נִקַּמְתִּי דְּמֵי עַבָדַי הַנְּבִיאִיםמִיַּד אִיזֶבֶל “I will avenge the blood of my servants, the prophets … from Jezebel,” Jeremiah 51:36 followed by בְּ Ezekiel 25:12 (at the end).

Hophal, fut. יֻקַּם to be avenged. Genesis 4:15, 24, “whosoever slayeth Cain he shall be avenged seven-fold,” Exodus 21:21.

Hithpael,

(1) to avenge oneself, as Niph., Jeremiah 5:9, 29 9:8.

(2) part. מִתְנַקֵּם desirous of vengeance, Psalms 8:3, 44:17. Hence

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List of Word Forms
בִּנְקֹ֥ם בנקם הִנָּ֣קְמוּ הנקמו וְ֝נֹקֵ֗ם וְאִנָּקְמָ֖ה וְאִנָּקְמָ֧ה וְהִנָּ֤קֶם וְנִקְּמ֥וּ וְנִקַּמְתִּ֖י וְנִקַּמְתִּ֞י וְנִקַּמְתִּי֙ וְנֹקֵם֙ וַיִּנָּקְמ֤וּ וּמִתְנַקֵּֽם׃ וּנְקָמַ֥נִי ואנקמה והנקם וינקמו ומתנקם׃ ונקם ונקמו ונקמני ונקמתי יִנָּקֵֽם׃ יִקֹּ֥ם יִקּ֑וֹם יֻקַּ֔ם יֻקַּם־ יֻקָּ֑ם ינקם׃ יקום יקם יקם־ לְהִנָּקֵ֖ם לְהִנָּקֵ֣ם לִנְקֹ֣ם להנקם לנקם נְקֹ֗ם נִקַּ֥מְתִּי נָקֹ֖ם נֹקֵ֤ם נֹקֵ֥ם נֹקֶ֙מֶת֙ נקם נקמת נקמתי תִקֹּ֤ם תִתְנַקֵּ֖ם תקם תתנקם bin·qōm binKom binqōm hin·nā·qə·mū hinNakemu hinnāqəmū lə·hin·nā·qêm lehinnaKem ləhinnāqêm lin·qōm linKom linqōm nā·qōm naKom nāqōm nə·qōm neKom nəqōm nikKamti niq·qam·tî niqqamtî nō·qe·meṯ nō·qêm noKem noKemet nōqêm nōqemeṯ tikKom ṯiq·qōm ṯiqqōm ṯiṯ·naq·qêm titnakKem ṯiṯnaqqêm ū·miṯ·naq·qêm ū·nə·qā·ma·nî umitnakKem ūmiṯnaqqêm unekaMani ūnəqāmanî vaiyinnakeMu vehinNakem veinnakeMah venikkamTi venikkeMu venoKem way·yin·nā·qə·mū wayyinnāqəmū wə’innāqəmāh wə·’in·nā·qə·māh wə·hin·nā·qem wə·niq·qam·tî wə·niq·qə·mū wə·nō·qêm wəhinnāqem wəniqqamtî wəniqqəmū wənōqêm yikKom yin·nā·qêm yinnaKem yinnāqêm yiq·qō·wm yiq·qōm yiqqōm yiqqōwm yukKam yuq·qam yuq·qām yuq·qam- yuqqam yuqqām yuqqam-
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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