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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #467 - ἀνταποδίδωμι

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G473) and (G591)
Parts of Speech
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  1. in a good sense, to repay, requite
  2. in a bad sense, penalty and vengeance
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 935 ‑ בּוֹא (bo);  1580 ‑ גָּמַל (gaw‑mal');  5358 ‑ נָקַם (naw‑kam');  6485 ‑ פָּקַד (paw‑kad');  7725 ‑ שׁוּב (shoob);  7999 ‑ שָׁלֵם (shaw‑lam');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (9)
Luke 2
Romans 3
1 Thessalonians 2
2 Thessalonians 1
Hebrews 1
NAS (9)
Luke 2
Romans 3
1 Thessalonians 2
2 Thessalonians 1
Hebrews 1
CSB (7)
Luke 2
Romans 2
1 Thessalonians 1
2 Thessalonians 1
Hebrews 1
BSB (7)
Luke 2
Romans 2
1 Thessalonians 1
2 Thessalonians 1
Hebrews 1
ESV (7)
Luke 2
Romans 2
1 Thessalonians 1
2 Thessalonians 1
Hebrews 1
WEB (9)
Luke 2
Romans 3
1 Thessalonians 2
2 Thessalonians 1
Hebrews 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions



1. give back, repay, tender in repayment or requital, Batr. 186; ἀ. τὸ ὅμοιον, τὸἴσον, Hdt. 1.18, Th. 1.43; χάριν Pherecr. 2D.; τὴν ἴσην Arist. Rh. 1379b7; ἀ. τροφεῖα Lys. 6.49; ἀρετήν Th. 4.19; ὕβριν Plu. 2.825c; τὰ αὐτὰ ἀ. react in the same way, Pl. Ti. 79e; of counter-arguments, Id. Prm. 128d: abs., pay back, Th. 3.40, Arist. Rh. 1367a21.

2. take vengeance, LXX Deuteronomy 32:35, al., Romans 12:19.


1. assign as a balance, ἐναντίαν γένεσιν Pl. Phd. 71e.

2. make convertible, τὴν μεταφορὰν τὴν ἐκ τοῦ ἀνάλογον Arist. Rh. 1407a15: Pass., Demetr. Eloc. 79. Gramm., make to correspond, of correlatives (e.g. τοιοῦτος, οἷος), in Pass., A.D. Conj. 254.19, Synt. 54.5, al.; so of μέν.. δέ, Arist. Rh. 1407a23, Demetr. Eloc. 53, cf. Hermog. Id. 1.4, al.

3. intr., answer to, correspond with, εἰ μὴ ἀνταποδιδοίη τὰ ἕτερα τοῖς ἑτέροις Pl. Phd. 72a, cf. b; οὐκ ἀνταποδίδωσι τὸ ὅμοιον there is no similar correspondent, Arist. Mete. 347b32, cf. IA 707b16, Ps.- Alex. Aphr. inSE 192.14.

4. give back words, exchange 'tu quoque's', Pl Phdr. 236c.

III deliver in turn, τὸ σύνθημα X. Cyr. 3.3.58 (Pass.); explain in turn, Pl. Ti. 87c. give back a sound, of an echo, Plu. Sull. 19; of troops, κραυγὴν ἀ. Id. Tim. 27.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἀνταποδίδωμι: future ἀνταποδώσω; 2 aorist infinitive ἀνταποδοῦναι; 1 future passive ἀνταποδοθήσομαι; (ἀντί for something received, in return, ἀποδίδωμι to give back); to repay, requite;

a. in a good sense: Luke 14:14; Romans 11:35; εὐχαριστίαν τίνι, 1 Thessalonians 3:9.

b. in a bad sense, of penalty and vengeance; absolutely: Romans 12:19; Hebrews 10:30 (Deuteronomy 32:35); θλῖψιν τίνι, 2 Thessalonians 1:6. (Very often in the Sept. and Apocrypha, in both senses; in Greek writings from (Herodotus] Thucydides down.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἀντ -απο -δίδωμι

(ἀντί ἀποδίδωμι ),

[in LXX for H7999 pi., H1580, H7725 hi., etc.;]

to give back as an equivalent, recompense, requital (the ἀντί expressing the idea of full, complete return; v. Lft., Notes, 46);

(a) in favourable sense: Luke 14:14, Romans 11:35, 1 Thessalonians 3:9;

(b) in unfavourable sense: Romans 12:19, 2 Thessalonians 1:6, Hebrews 10:30.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Par 34.22 (ii/B.C.) χαλκίαν τηροῦντες ἀν [τ ]απ [ο ]δώσωσι αὐτοῖς. Chrest. II. 372ii. 11 (ii/A.D.) δε ̣ι ̣̃σθ ̣αι οὖ ̣[ν ] ἃ ὑφείλατο ἐπαναγκασθῆναι ἀ [ν ]τ ̣α ̣[π ]οδοῦναι. P Leid W xxi. 34.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ανταπεδίδοσάν ανταπέδωκα ανταπέδωκά ανταπέδωκας ανταπέδωκάς ανταπεδώκατε ανταπέδωκε ανταπέδωκέ ανταπέδωκεν ανταποδιδόντες ανταποδιδόντος ανταποδίδοται ανταποδίδοτε ανταποδίδοτέ ανταποδιδούσί ανταποδίδωσι ανταποδίδωσί ανταποδίδωσιν ανταποδοθησεται ανταποδοθήσεται ἀνταποδοθήσεται ανταπόδος ανταπόδοτε ανταποδουναι ανταποδούναι ανταποδούναί ἀνταποδοῦναι ἀνταποδοῦναί ανταποδώ ανταποδώς ανταποδώσει ανταποδώσεις ανταποδώσομεν ανταποδωσω ανταποδώσω ἀνταποδώσω ανταποδώσων antapodoso antapodōsō antapodṓso antapodṓsō antapodothesetai antapodothēsetai antapodothḗsetai antapodounai antapodoûnai antapodoûnaí
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