Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #2920 - κρίσις

Transliteration
krísis
Phonetics
kree'-sis
Origin
perhaps a primitive word
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TDNT
3:941,469
Definition
Thayer's
  1. a separating, sundering, separation
    1. a trial, contest
  2. selection
  3. judgment
    1. opinion or decision given concerning anything
      1. esp. concerning justice and injustice, right or wrong
    2. sentence of condemnation, damnatory judgment, condemnation and punishment
  4. the college of judges (a tribunal of seven men in the several cities of Palestine; as distinguished from the Sanhedrin, which had its seat at Jerusalem)
  5. right, justice
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1697 ‑ דָּבָר (daw‑bawr');  1779 ‑ דּוּן (deen, doon);  4687 ‑ מִצְוָה (mits‑vaw');  4941 ‑ מִשְׁפָּט (mish‑pawt');  5358 ‑ נָקַם (naw‑kam');  5359 ‑ נָקָם (naw‑kawm');  6591 ‑ פְּשַׁר (pesh‑ar');  6664 ‑ צֶדֶק (tseh'‑dek);  7379 ‑ רִב (reeb, reeb);  8199 ‑ שָׁפַט (shaw‑fat');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (48)
Matthew
12
Mark
2
Luke
4
John
11
Acts
1
2 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
1
Hebrews
2
James
2
2 Peter
4
1 John
1
Jude
3
Revelation
4
NAS (47)
Matthew
12
Luke
4
John
11
Acts
1
2 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
1
Hebrews
2
James
3
2 Peter
4
1 John
1
Jude
3
Revelation
4
HCS (47)
Matthew
12
Luke
4
John
11
Acts
1
2 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
1
Hebrews
2
James
3
2 Peter
4
1 John
1
Jude
3
Revelation
4
BSB (47)
Matthew
12
Luke
4
John
11
Acts
1
2 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
1
Hebrews
2
James
3
2 Peter
4
1 John
1
Jude
3
Revelation
4
ESV (42)
Matthew
12
Luke
4
John
10
Acts
1
2 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
1
Hebrews
2
James
2
2 Peter
4
1 John
1
Revelation
4
WEB (48)
Matthew
11
Mark
2
Luke
4
John
11
Acts
1
2 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
1
Hebrews
2
James
2
2 Peter
4
1 John
1
Jude
4
Revelation
4
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

κρίσις [ ῐς], εως, ἡ,

(κρίνω)

I

1. separating, distinguishing, τοῦ πλέω καὶ τοῦ μὴ πλέω Meliss. 7; τῶν ὁμοιογενῶν, τῶν διαφερόντων, dub. l. in Arist. EN 1165a34.

2. decision, judgement, περὶ τούτων Parm. 8.15; τὴν Κροίσου κ. Hdt. 3.34; ἐν θεῶν κρίσει A. Ag. 1289; κατὰ δύναμιν καὶ κ. ἐμήν Hp. Jusj. 1; κ. οὐκ ἀληθής no certain means of judging, S. OT 501 (lyr.); πολίτης ὁρίζεται τῷ μετέχειν κρίσεως καὶ ἀρχῆς Arist. Pol. 1275a23; κρίσεως προσδεόμενα Epicur. Nat. 32 G., cf. Herc. 1420.3; αἱ τῶν πολλῶν κ. Phld. Mus. p.75 K.; Κρίσις, title of a play by Sophocles on the Judgemént of Paris; κ. τινός judgement on or respecting, τῶν μνηστήρων Hdt. 6.131; ἀέθλων Pi. O. 3.21, N. 10.23; μορφῆς E. Hel. 26: ἡ τῶν ὅπλων κ., referring to the story of Ajax, Pl. R. 620b, cf. Arist. Po. 1459b5; κρίσιν.. τοῦ βίου πέρι ὧν λέγομεν Pl. R. 360e; κ. ἀμφ' ἀέθλοις Pi. O. 7.80; κ. διημαρτημένη Stoic. 1.50; κ. συνετή Cleanth.ib.128; power of judgement, κρίσει πραγμάτων διαφέρεσθαι Plb. 18.14.10; κατὰ κρίσιν with judgement, advisedly, Id. 6.11.8.

3. choice, election, κ. ποιεῖσθαι τῶν ἀξίων Arist. Pol. 1321a30, cf. 1271a10.

4. interpretation of dreams or portents, LXX Daniel 2:36, D.S. 17.116, J. AJ 2.5.7.

II

1. judgement of a court, οὐδὲν ἂν τῆς ὑμετέρας κ. ἔδει Antipho 4.4.2; trial, suit, προκληθέντας ἐς κρίσιν περί τινος Th. 1.34; καθιστάναι ἑαυτὸν ἐς κ. ib. 131; κρίσιν ποιεῖν τινι Lys. 13.35; κρίσεως τυχεῖν to be put on one's trial, Pl. Phdr. 249a; εἰς κ. ἄγειν Id. Lg. 856c; ἡ κ. γίγνεταί τινι ibid.; κρίσιν ὑποσχεῖν ib. 871d, D. 21.125; τὰς κρίσεις ποιεῖσθαι περί τινος Isoc. 4.40, cf. Th. 1.77; τὰς κ. διαδικάζειν Pl. Lg. 876b; κρίσιν λελογχότα Μειδίᾳ ἐξούλης Test. ap. D. 21.82; αἱ κ. τῶν συμβολαίων Plu. 2.447e. result of a trial, condemnation, X. An. 1.6.5. ἡμέρα κρίσεως Day of Judgement, Matthew 10:15.

2. trial of skill or strength, πρὸς τόξου κρίσιν in archery, S. Tr. 266; δρόμον.., οὗ πρώτη κ. Id. El. 684; κ. ποιεῖν ὁπότερος εἴη τὴν τέχνην σοφώτερος Ar. Ra. 779; θεῶν ἔριν τε καὶ κ. Pl. R. 379e.

3. dispute, περί τινος Hdt. 5.5, 7.26.

III

1. event, issue, κρίσιν σχεῖν to be decided, of a war, Th. 1.23, Plb. 31.29.5; κρίσεως τυχεῖν Id. 1.59.11; ἐν τοῖς πεπολιτευμένοις τὴν κ. εἶναι νομίζω 1 suppose the issue depends upon my public measures, D. 18.57.

2. turning point of a disease, sudden change for better or worse, Hp. VM 19 (pl.), Gal. 9.550, etc.; κ. ξύντομος ἐπὶ τὸ κάκιον Hp. Judic. 34, cf. Gal. 18(2).231. middle of the spinal column, Poll. 2.177.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

κρίσις , -εως ,

(< κρίνω ),

[in LXX chiefly for H4941, also for H7379, etc.;]

1. a seperating, selection (Arist., al.).

2. a decision, judgment (cl.): John 8:16, 1 Timothy 5:24, 2 Peter 2:11, Judges 1:9; κ . κρίνειν , John 7:24; in forensic sense, Acts 8:33 (LXX) (v. Page, in l); esp. of the Divine judgment, John 3:19; John 5:24; John 5:27; John 5:29-30; John 12:31; John 16:8; John 16:11, 2 Thessalonians 1:5, Hebrews 10:27, James 2:13; James 5:12, 2 Peter 2:4, Revelation 18:10; pl., Revelation 16:7; Revelation 19:2; of the last judgment, Matthew 10:15; Matthew 11:22; Matthew 11:24; Matthew 12:36; Matthew 12:41-42 Luke 10:14; Luke 11:31-32, Hebrews 9:27, 2 Peter 2:9; 2 Peter 3:7, 1 John 4:17, Judges 1:6; Judges 1:15; τῆς γεέννης , Matthew 23:33.

3. By meton. (as in LXX for H4941, Isaiah 5:7, al.; H1787, Daniel 7:10), of the standard of judgment, right, justice: Matthew 12:18; Matthew 12:20 (LXX, Isa 42:43) Isa 23:23, Luke 11:42; of the tribunal (a local court), Matthew 5:21-22


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

κρίσις in the sense of ";judging,"; ";trial,"; is found in such passages as PSI II. 173.17 (ii/B.C.) κα [τὰ προε ]νεστῶσαν. . ἐπὶ σοῦ κρίσιν, P Oxy IX. 1203.29 (late i/A.D.) where certain petitioners ask that no step be taken against them μέχρι κρίσεως, ";before the trial of the case,"; the curious mantic P Ryl I. 28 .165 (iv/A.D.) σφυρὸν εὐώνυμον ἐὰν ἅληται ἐν κρίσει βαρη [θ ]ε ̣ι ̣, ς ἔσται καὶ ἐκφεύξεται ";if the left ankle quiver, he will be burdened with a trial, and will be acquitted"; (Edd.), and OGIS 669.39 (i/A.D.) εἰς κρίσιν ἄγεσθαι. From this it is an easy transition to the result of the judging, ";judgement,"; ";decision,"; e.g. P Petr III. 26.8 (iii/B.C.) ἐκ κρίσεως, ";in accordance with a legal decision,"; P Oxy I. 68.35 (A.D. 131) οὖσαν δ᾽ ἐμοὶ τὴν πρ ̣ὸς αὐτὸν κρίσιν, ";judgement against him being entered in my favour"; (Edd.), P Ryl II. 78.35 (A.D. 157) περὶ ἀπολογισμοῦ κρίσεων ";concerning the report of judgements,"; P Oxy XII. 1464.6 (libellus—A.D. 250) κατ ]ὰ τὰ κελευσθέντα ὑπὸ τῆς θείας κρίσεως, ";in accordance with the orders of the divine decree,"; and such legal phrases as ἄνευ κρίσεως καὶ πάσης ἀντιλογίας (BGU IV. 1146.16—B.C. 18) and ἄνευ δίκης καὶ κρίσεως καὶ πάσης εὑρησιλογίας (P Tebt II. 444—i/A.D.).

An approach to the moral and ethical sense which, following the general usage of the LXX, κρίσις has in such passages as Matthew 23:28 Luke 11:42, may be traced in Michel 542.6 (ii/B.C. ad init.) πίστιν ἔχοντα καὶ κρίσιν ὑγιῆ, OGIS 383.207 (mid. i/B.C.) ἣν ἀθάνατος κρίσις ἐκύρωσεν —with reference to a certain ordinance, and ib. 502.8 (ii/A.D.) μείξας τῷ φιλανθρώπῳ τὸ δίκαιον ἀκολούθως τῇ περὶ τὰς κρίσεις ἐπιμελείᾳ. For κρίσις, ";accusation,"; in Judges 1:9, see Field Notes, p. 244. For an adj. κρίσιμος with reference to the day of judgement, see a Christian inscr. from Eumeneia in C. and B. ii. p. 514—ὃς δὲ ἂν ἐπιτηδεύσει, ἔσται αὐτῷ πρὸς τὸν ζῶντα θεὸν καὶ νῦν καὶ ἐν τῇ κρισίμῳ ήμέρᾳ. Ramsay (p. 518) remarks that ";the term κρίσιμος ἡμέρα seems to be used elsewhere only in the medical sense, ‘the critical day determining the issue of the disease’"; : cf. also Durham Menander, p. 72. MGr κρίσι, ";judgement"; ἔρχομαι στὴ κρίσι, ";appear before court of judgement"; (Thumb, Handbook, p. 337).

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
κρισει κρίσει κρισεις κρίσεις κρίσεων κρισεως κρίσεως κρισιν κρίσιν κρισις κρίσις krisei krísei kriseis kríseis kriseos kriseōs kríseos kríseōs krisin krísin krisis krísis
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
Search for…
 or 
Choose a letter to browse:
Prev Entry
κρίνω
Next Entry
Κρίσπος