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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #292 - ἀμύνομαι

middle voice of a primary verb
Parts of Speech
  1. defend
    1. to ward off, keep off
    2. to aid or assist anyone
    3. to defend one's self against anyone
    4. to take vengeance on anyone
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3467 ‑ יָשַׁע (yaw‑shah');  4135 ‑ מוּל (mool);  5358 ‑ נָקַם (naw‑kam');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (1)
HCS ( 0 )
HCS (1)
BSB (1)
ESV (1)
WEB (1)
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀμύνω [], impf. ἄμῡνον Il. 15.731: fut. ἀμῠνῶ, Ion. -ῠνέω Hdt. 9.60, 3 pl. -εῦσι ib. 6: aor. 1 ἤμῡνα, ἄμυνα [ᾰμ] Il. 17.615: aor. 2, v. ἀμυνάθω: — Med., impf. ἀμυνόμην ib. 13.514: fut. ἀμυνοῦμαι: aor. 1 ἠμυνάμην: aor. 2, v. ἀμυνάθω: — Pass. rare (v. infr. c):

I keep off, ward off, Hom., mostly in Il. Construction:

1. c.acc. of the person or thing to be kept off, c. dat. pers. for or from whom danger averted, Δαναοῖσιν λοιγὸν ἄμυνον ward off ruin from the Danai, Il. 1.456, cf. 341, Od. 8.525: dat. freq. omitted, ὃς λοιγὸν ἀμύνει Il. 5.603; ἄ. τὸν βάρβαρον Pl. Lg. 692e, cf. AB 79. b. c. dat. only, defend, aid, succour, ἀ. ὤρεσσι, σοῖσιν ἔτῃσι, Il. 5.486, 6.262, cf. Od. 11.500, Hdt. 8.87, 9.6, etc.; τοιαῦτ' ἀμύνεθ' Ἡρακλεῖ such aid ye give to H., E. HF 219; ἀ. τῇ πόλει, τῷ δήμῳ, Ar. Eq. 577, 790; τῷ νόμῳ E. Or. 523, Th. 3.67: with inf. added, τοῖς μὲν οὐκ ἠμύνατε σωθῆναι so that they might be saved, Th. 6.80.

2. c. acc. et gen., Τρῶας ἄμυνε νεῶν he kept the Trojans off from the ships, Il. 15.731, cf. 4.11, 12.402. b. c. gen. only, ἀ. νηῶν defend the ships, ib. 13.109.

3. abs., succour, χεῖρες ἀμύνειν hands to aid, ib. 814; ἀμύνειν εἰσὶ καὶ ἄλλοι ib. 312; ὦ ξυνδικασταί.. ἀμύνατε help! Ar. V. 197; τὰ ἀμυνεῦντα means of defence, Hdt. 3.155: c. dat. modi, δθένει ἀ. defend with might, Il. 13.678.

4. with Preps., once in Hom. with περί, ἀμυνέμεναι περὶ Πατρόκλοιο (cf. B. 1.3) ib. 17.182; in Prose, ἀ. ὑπὲρ τῆς Ἑλλάδος Pl. Lg. 692d; ἀ. πρὸ πάντων Plb. 6.6.8.

II less freq. like B. 11, requite, repay, ἔργ' ἀμύνουσιν κακά S. Ph. 602; ἀμύνειν.. τοῖσδε τοῖς λόγοις τάδε Id. OC 1128. Med., keep or ward off from oneself, guard or defend oneself against, freq. with collat. notion of requital, revenge:

1. c. acc. rei, ἀμύνετο νηλεὲς ἦμαρ Il. 13.514; ἀμύνεσθαι μόρον A. Ag. 1381; τὸ δυστυχὲς γὰρ ηὑγένει' ἀμύνεται E. Heracl. 303, cf. S. Fr. 1004. b. c.acc. pers., ἀ. τὴν Δαρείου στρατιήν Hdt. 3.158; ἐκεῖνον ἠμύναντο S. Fr. 589.

2. that from which danger is warded off in gen., as in Acts 1:2, ἀμυνόμενοι σφῶν αὐτῶν Il. 12.155; νηῶν ἠμύνοντο ib. 179.

3. with Preps., ἀμύνεσθαι περὶ πάτρης ib. 243; περὶ τῶν οἰκείων Th. 2.39; ὑπέρ τινος X. Cyn. 9.9.

4. abs., defend oneself, act in self-defence, ἀμύνεσθαι φίλον ἔστω Il. 16.556; ἢν συλλαμβανόμενος ἀμύνηται Hdt. 1.80, cf. 4.174,al.; ἀλλ' ἀμύνου Ar. Eq. 244; τοῦ ἄρξαντος καὶ οὐ τοῦ ἀμυνομένου Antipho 44.8; οὐδ' ἀμυνόμενος ἀλλ' ὑπάρχων Isoc. 16.44, cf. Pl. Grg. 456e; κακῶς πάσχοντα ἀ. ἀντιδρῶντα κακῶς Pl. Cri. 49d; ἂν ᾖ χαρίεις, ἀ. εὖ δρῶν Arist. EN 1162b10. II after Hom., ἀ. τινά avenge oneself on an enemy: hence, requite, repay, Ar. Nu. 1428, etc.: freq. c. dat. instr., ἔργοις πεπονθὼς ῥήμασίν σ' ἀμύνομαι S. OC 873; ἀ. τινὰ σιδήρῳ Antipho 4.2.2; τοῖς ὁμοίοις, ἀρετῇ, Th. 1.42, 4.63; ὠμότητα ὠμότητι D.S. 14.53; ἀ. τινὰς ὑπέρ τινος to punish for a thing, Th. 5.69; good sense, Simon. 229; ἀ. ὁμοίως εὖ παθόντα, ὥσπερ κακῶς Socr. ap. Arist. Rh. 1398a25: abs., retaliate, c. dat. instr., ταῖς ναυσίν Th. 1.142; ἀ. ὧν ἔπαθον 1.96. very rarely Pass., ἀμύνονται ἆται are warded off, Pi. P. 11.54; ἀμυνέσθω let him be driven away, Pl. Lg. 845c.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἀμύνω ,

[in LXX (mid.): Joshua 10:13 (H5358), Psalms 118:10-12 H4135 hi.), Isaiah 59:16 (H3467 hi.), Wisdom of Solomon 11:3, al.;]

to ward off, etc. Mid.

(a) to defend oneself against;

(b) to requite;

(c) = act., to defend, assist (Isa, l.c.): c. acc pers., Acts 7:24 (MM, VGT, s.v.).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

Syll 35635 (rescript of Augustus) καὶ [ὅτε ἠ ]μύνοντο. The word may have almost fallen out of the colloquial language, to judge from its rarity in LXX and NT, and the absence of occurrences in papyri.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αμφίασιν αμφιβαλεί ημυνάμην ημυνατο ημύνατο ἠμύνατο emunato ēmunato emynato emýnato ēmynato ēmýnato
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2022. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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