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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #121 - אָדָם

Root Word (Etymology)
the same as (H120)
Parts of Speech
proper masculine noun
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Adam = “red”

1) first man

2) city in Jordan valley

Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (9)
Genesis 6
Joshua 1
1 Chronicles 1
Job 1
NAS (12)
Genesis 8
Joshua 1
1 Chronicles 1
Job 1
Hosea 1
CSB (11)
Genesis 8
Joshua 1
1 Chronicles 1
Hosea 1
BSB (16)
Genesis 12
Joshua 1
1 Chronicles 1
Job 1
Hosea 1
ESV (8)
Genesis 6
Joshua 1
1 Chronicles 1
WEB (9)
Genesis 6
Joshua 1
1 Chronicles 1
Job 1
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

אָדָם m.

(1)  man (perhaps so called from the idea of redness, compare דָּם [“The Arabs distinguish two races of men; one red, ruddy, which we call white, the other black.” Gesen. add. But both these races are sprung from Adam]). It has neither const, state, nor plural form; but it is very often used collect. to denote men, the human race, Genesis 1:26, 27 6:1 Psalms 68:19, 76:11 Job 20:29 כָּל־אָדָם “all men,” Job 21:33. Sometimes it is put as a genitive after adjectives, as אֶבְיוֹנֵי אָדָם “the needy of men,” i.e. needy men, Isaiah 29:19 comp. Hosea 13:2 and with בְּ between, as בֹּגְדִים בְּאָדָם Proverbs 23:28.-Specially used

(a) for other men, the rest of mankind, as opposed to those in question; Jeremiah 32:20, בְּיִשְׂרָאֵל וּבָאָדָם “in Israel and in other men,” Judges 16:7, 18:28 Psalms 73:5; Isaiah 43:4.

(b) of common men, as opposed to those of better condition. So כְּאָדָם nach der (gemeinen) Menfchen Weife, Job 31:33; Hosea 6:7; Psalms 82:7. Opposed to אִישׁ viri (more noble), Isaiah 2:9, 5:15 שָׂרִים Psalms 82:7 comp. Isaiah 29:21, and in pl. בְּנֵי אִישׁ Psalms 49:3; Proverbs 8:4.

(c) used of slaves, like נֶפֶשׁ Numbers 16:32.

(d) of soldiers, Kriegsmannfchaft, Isaiah 22:6 comp. אִישׁ No. 1, letter (h).

(2) a man, vir, i.q. אִישׁ Ecclesiastes 7:28, “a man (i.e. one emphatically, worthy of the name) I have found one of a thousand, but a woman in all their number I have not found.”

(3) any one, Leviticus 1:2 with a negative particle, no one, Job 32:21 comp. אִישׁ No. 4.

(4) [Adam], pr.n.

(a) of the first man made, Genesis 2:7, seq. 3, 4. In these passages at least אָדָם assumes somewhat the nature of a proper name, as denoting the man as the only one of his kind; as הַבַּעַל Baal, lord; κατʼ ἐξ., הַשָּׂטָן Satan (Lehrg. p. 653, 654). Hence LXX. Ἀδάμ, Vulg. Adam.

(b) a town on the Jordan, Joshua 3:16.

(5) בֶּן אָדָם with the art. “son of man;” used poet. for man, Numbers 23:19; Psalms 8:5, 80:18 Job 16:21, 25:6 35:8 and very often in Ezekiel where the prophet is addressed by God, בֶּן אָדָם “son of man,” i.e. mortal, Ezekiel 2:1, Ezekiel 2:3, 3:1, Ezekiel 3:3, Ezekiel 3:4, 10 Ezekiel 3:10, 4:16 8:5, Ezekiel 8:6, Ezekiel 8:8. More frequent also is the pl. בְּנֵי אָדָם men, Deuteronomy 32:8; Psalms 11:4, etc.; with the art. בְּנֵי הָאָדָם 1 Samuel 26:19; 1 Kings 8:39; Psalms 145:12; Ecclesiastes 1:13 comp. Syr. ܒܰܪܢܳܫܳܙ “son of men,” for man. [See בֵּן.]

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List of Word Forms
אָדָ֑ם אָדָ֗ם אָדָ֥ם אָדָם֙ אדם וּלְאָדָ֣ם ולאדם כְּאָדָ֖ם כְאָדָ֣ם כאדם מֵֽאָדָ֤ם מאדם ’ā·ḏām ’āḏām aDam cheaDam kə’āḏām ḵə’āḏām kə·’ā·ḏām ḵə·’ā·ḏām keaDam mê’āḏām mê·’ā·ḏām meaDam ū·lə·’ā·ḏām ulaDam ūlə’āḏām
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