Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #3667 - כְּנַעַן
Canaan = “lowland”
1) the 4th son of Ham and the progenitor of the Phoenicians and of the various nations who peopled the seacoast of Palestine (noun proper masculine)
2) the land west of the Jordan peopled by the descendants of Canaan and subsequently conquered by the Israelites under Joshua (noun proper locative)
3) merchant, trader (noun masculine)
כְּנַעַן pr. name
(1) Canaan, a son of Ham, ancestor of the nation of the Canaanites, Genesis 9:18, seq.; 10:6.
(2) the land of the Canaanites (Exodus 15:15, fully אֶרֶץ כְּנַעַן Genesis 13:12, 33:18 ), and the nation (Judges 3:1, with masc. Hosea 12:8); pr. the depressed, low, region (from the root כָּנַע, with the addition of ־ַ־ן, as in אֶתְנַן), opp. to the loftier country אֲרָם (see כְּנַעֲנִי No. 1 ). [But this name was taken from Canaan, the son of Ham, the ancestor of the Canaanites.] It specially denotes
(a) the land on this side Jordan, as opposed to the land of Gilead, Numbers 33:51; Joshua 22:9.
(b) Phœnicia, Isaiah 23:11, i.e. the northern part of Canaan, situated at the base of Lebanon; the inhabitants of which call themselves כנען upon their coins (see my Comment. on Isa. loc. cit.; Gesch. der Heb. Sprache, p. 16, 227); by the Greeks they are called Φοίνικες. The Pœni, also a colony of the Phœnicians, retained this ancient name, as we learn from Augustin (Expos. Ep. ad Romanos) in these words, “Interrogati rustici nostri,” i.e. Hipponenses, “quid sint? punicּ respondentes Chanani, corrupt̯ scilicet, ut in talibus solet, un̯ litter̯, quid aliud respondent, quam Chanan i?”
(c) Philistia, Zephaniah 2:5, כְּנַעַן אֶרֶץ פְּלשְׁתִּים.-שְׂפַת כְּנַעַן the language of Canaan, i.e. Hebrew, which the Canaanites and Hebrews used, Isaiah 19:18.
(3) for אִישׁ כְּנַעַן a Canaanite, Hosea 12:8 hence any merchant. Isaiah 23:8, כִּנְעָנֶיחָ “her merchants.” Comp. Zephaniah 1:11; Ezekiel 17:4.
the Second Week after Easter