Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #3760 - כַּרְמֶל

Transliteration
karmel
Phonetics
kar-mel'
Origin
the same as (H3759)
Parts of Speech
Proper Name Location
TWOT
1042
Definition
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

Carmel = “garden-land”

1) a mountain on the Mediterranean coast of northern Israel, just below Haifa

2) a town in the mountains on the west side of the Dead Sea and south of Hebron

Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
KJV (26)
Joshua
3
1 Samuel
6
1 Kings
3
2 Kings
3
2 Chronicles
1
Song of Solomon
1
Isaiah
3
Jeremiah
2
Amos
2
Micah
1
Nahum
1
NAS (22)
Joshua
3
1 Samuel
6
1 Kings
3
2 Kings
2
Song of Solomon
1
Isaiah
2
Jeremiah
2
Amos
2
Nahum
1
HCS (22)
Joshua
3
1 Samuel
6
1 Kings
3
2 Kings
2
Song of Solomon
1
Isaiah
2
Jeremiah
2
Amos
2
Nahum
1
BSB (24)
Joshua
3
1 Samuel
6
1 Kings
3
2 Kings
2
2 Chronicles
1
Song of Solomon
1
Isaiah
2
Jeremiah
2
Amos
2
Micah
1
Nahum
1
ESV (24)
Joshua
3
1 Samuel
6
1 Kings
3
2 Kings
2
2 Chronicles
1
Isaiah
3
Jeremiah
2
Amos
2
Micah
1
Nahum
1
WEB (26)
Joshua
3
1 Samuel
6
1 Kings
3
2 Kings
3
2 Chronicles
1
Song of Solomon
1
Isaiah
3
Jeremiah
2
Amos
2
Micah
1
Nahum
1
Verse Results
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

כַּרְמֶל (from the noun כֶּרֶם with the addition of the termination el, which appears to me to have a diminutive force; see p. 321, A.) m.

(1) a garden, a place cultivated as a garden, planted with fruit trees, herbs, corn, etc. (Kimchi, מקום אילנות פירות ושדות תבואה), sometimes used in opposition to a desert, sometimes to a forest; Isaiah 29:17, “Lebanon is changed into a garden, and the garden shall be a forest;” Isaiah 32:15, 16 Isaiah 32:16; Jeremiah 2:27, “I brought you forth אֶל־אֶרֶץ הַכַּרְמֶל into a land like a garden, that ye might eat the fruit thereof,” Isai. 10:18 16:10 Jeremiah 48:33; 2 Chronicles 26:10 with suff. כַּרְמִלּוֹ 2 Kings 19:23 used of Lebanon, יַעַר כַּרְמִלּוֹ “its forest like a garden,” that is, the nursery of cedars in the recesses of Lebanon.

(2) meton. it appears to denote garden fruits, as being earlier and of finer quality; just as we cultivate the better and earlier species of fruits and legumes in gardens, and prefer such to those of the fields. Thus I understand גֶּרֶשׂ כַּרְמֶל Leviticus 2:14, i.e. grits, corns, polenta, early grain; and thus by an ellipsis of a common word, כַּרְמֶל Levit. 23:14 2 Kings 4:42. In both the passages in Leviticus ג׳ כַּרְמֶל are offered on the altar with bread of the first fruits, with which it is also joined; 2 Ki. loc. cit.; and perhaps we may understand groats, polenta (ἄλφιτα), made from the fresh and early grain by rubbing out and skinning (frifche Weizen-und Gerftengrüße), for which, as an offering to God, they would take the best and earliest of that grown in the gardens. The interpretation given by Hebrew writers is thus not absurd, but opens the way to the truth, שבלת רכה ולחה a fresh and tender ear of corn (not a green ear).

(3) [Carmel], pr.n.

(a) of a very fertile promontory, situated on the Mediterranean sea, on the southern border of the tribe of Asher: it commonly has the art. הַכַּרְמֶל Amos 1:2, 9:3 Jeremiah 4:26; Song of Solomon 7:6 fully הַר הַכַּרְמֶל (the mountain of the garden), 1 Kings 18:19, 20 1 Kings 18:20 without the art. Isaiah 33:9; Nahum 1:4; Joshua 19:26. Cant. loc. cit. ראֹשֵׁךְ עָלַיִךְ כַּכַּרְמֶל “thy head (is) like Carmel;” i.e. adorned with hair, as that mountain is with trees. Comp. Relandi Palæstina, page 327.

(b) of a town amongst the mountains to the west of the Dead Sea, where there is now el Kirmel [كُرمُل Kurmul. Robinson], a chalky mountain, Joshua 15:55; 1 Samuel 15:12, 25:5. See Relandi Palæstina, p. 695; Seetzen in v. Zach’s Monatlicher Correspondenz, t. 17, page 134.

The Gentile noun is כַּרְמְלִי 1 Samuel 30:5; 2 Samuel 23:35 fem. ־ִית 1 Samuel 27:3.

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List of Word Forms
בְּכַרְמֶל֙ בַּכַּרְמֶֽל׃ בַכַּרְמֶ֗ל בכרמל בכרמל׃ הַכַּרְמֶ֑ל הַכַּרְמֶ֑לָה הַכַּרְמֶ֔ל הַכַּרְמֶ֖ל הַכַּרְמֶ֙לָה֙ הַכַּרְמֶֽל׃ הַכַּרְמֶל֙ הכרמל הכרמל׃ הכרמלה וְכַרְמֶ֔ל וְכַרְמֶֽל׃ וּבַכַּרְמֶ֔ל וּכְכַרְמֶ֖ל ובכרמל וככרמל וכרמל וכרמל׃ כַּכַּרְמֶ֔ל כַּרְמֶ֑ל כַּרְמֶ֖ל כַרְמֶ֙לָה֙ ככרמל כרמל כרמלה לַכַּרְמֶ֖ל לכרמל bak·kar·mel ḇak·kar·mel bakkarmel ḇakkarmel bə·ḵar·mel becharMel bəḵarmel charMelah hak·kar·me·lāh hak·kar·mel hakkarmel hakkarMelah hakkarmelāh kak·kar·mel kakkarmel ḵar·me·lāh kar·mel karmel ḵarmelāh lak·kar·mel lakkarmel ū·ḇak·kar·mel ū·ḵə·ḵar·mel ūḇakkarmel uchecharMel ūḵəḵarmel uvakkarMel vakkarMel vecharMel wə·ḵar·mel wəḵarmel
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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