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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #387 - אֵיתָן

Transliteration
'êythân
Phonetics
ay-thawn'
Origin
the same as (H386)
Parts of Speech
Proper Name Masculine
TWOT
None
Definition
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

Ethan = “enduring”

1) an Ezrahite known for his wisdom

2) a grandson of Judah, father of Azariah

3) a Kohathite descendant of Levi

4) a Merarite son of Kushaiah, descendant of Levi

Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
KJV (8)
1 Kings
1
1 Chronicles
6
Psalms
1
NAS (7)
1 Kings
1
1 Chronicles
6
HCS (7)
1 Kings
1
1 Chronicles
6
BSB (8)
1 Kings
1
1 Chronicles
6
Psalms
1
ESV (7)
1 Kings
1
1 Chronicles
6
WEB (7)
1 Kings
1
1 Chronicles
6
Verse Results
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

אֵיתָן & אֵתָן (for יְתָן with Aleph prosthetic, from the root יָתַן to be perennial), adj.

(1)  perennial, constant, especially used of water. נַחַל אֵיתָן “a perennial stream,” constantly flowing, Deuteronomy 21:4; Amos 5:24 and without נַתַל 1 Kings 8:2, יֶרַח הָאֵיתָנִים “the month of perennial streams” (elsewhere called Tishri), the seventh month of the Hebrew year; from the new moon of October to the new moon of November. Subst. [This sense as subst. is given as primary in Thes.] continuance. Psalms 74:15, נַהֲרוֹת אֵיתָן “rivers of continuance,” i.e. continually flowing. Used of the continuance, i.e. the flow of the sea, Exodus 14:27.- Job 33:19 in כתיב, רִיב עֲצָמָיו אֵתָן(בְּ) “with continual war in his bones,” sc. הוּכַח he is chastened.

(2) firm, valid [firmness, strength, see Thes.], Jeremiah 5:15, גּוֹי אֵיתָן “a mighty nation;” Job 12:19, אֵיתָנִים “the potent” (Vulg. optimates, ) (33:19 ); Genesis 49:24, תֵּשֵׁב בְּאֵיתָן קַשְׁתּוֹ “his bow will remain firm;” in which passage בּ is Beth essentiæ.

(3) hard, hence pernicious, terrible. Proverbs 13:15, “the way of the wicked is pernicious.” Rendered aptly enough by Luther, bringt Wehe; Jerome, vorago. [Explained in Thes. “the way of the wicked is a perennial stream,” see No. 1.] Hence

(4) poët. a rock, a crag, from hardness. Micah 6:2, הָאֵיתָנִים מוֹסְדֵי אֶרֶץ “the rocks, the foundations of the earth;” Jeremiah 49:19, 50:44, נְוֵה אֵיתָן “a stony dwelling” (comp. 49:16, תַנְוֵי םֶלַע); Numbers 24:21. [This meaning is rejected in Thes., and these passages are referred to No.1.]

(5) [Ethan], pr.n. of an Ezrahite (see אֶזְרָחִי), a wise man (1 Kings 5:11), to whom Psa 89:1-52 is attributed in its title.

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List of Word Forms
אֵיתָ֖ן אֵיתָ֥ן אֵיתָן֙ איתן וְאֵיתָ֑ן וְאֵיתָ֧ן ואיתן לְאֵיתָ֥ן לאיתן מֵאֵיתָ֣ן מאיתן ’ê·ṯān ’êṯān eiTan lə’êṯān lə·’ê·ṯān leeiTan mê’êṯān mê·’ê·ṯān meeiTan veeiTan wə’êṯān wə·’ê·ṯān
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2022. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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אֵתָן