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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #635 - אֶסְתֵּר
Esther = “star”
1) the queen of Persia, heroine of the book of Esther — daughter of Abihail, cousin and adopted daughter of Mordecai, of the tribe of Benjamin, made queen by king Ahasuerus to replace divorced queen, Vashti.
אֶסְתֵּר [Esther], Persia pr.n. given to a Jewish virgin, previously called Hadassah (הֲדַסָּה Esther 2:7), who was made by Xerxes, his wife and queen of Persia. The etymology is rightly given in the second Targ. on Esther 2:7 it is the Pers. ستاره sitareh, star; also fortune, felicity, Zend. stara, Sanscr. str, nom. stra, whence in the Western languages ἀστὴρ, aster, Stern, Engl. star. [“See Lassen, Ind. Biblioth. iii. 8, 18.”] This word is used by the Syrians to denote the planet Venus (see Bar Bahlûl, MS.), and we recognise the same Persic name in the Hebrew עַשְׁתֹּרֶת which see in its place. The name of Venus, and also of good fortune, was suitable enough for her, as thus chosen by the king.
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