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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #669 - אֶפְרַיִם
Ephraim = “double ash-heap: I shall be doubly fruitful”
1) second son of Joseph, blessed by him and given preference over first son, Manasseh
2) the tribe, Ephraim
3) the mountain country of Ephraim
4) sometimes used name for the northern kingdom (Hosea or Isaiah)
5) a city near Baal-hazor
6) a chief gate of Jerusalem
אֶפְרַיִם (perhaps, “double land,” “twin land,” comp. מִעְרַיִם), pr.n.
(1) Ephraim, the younger son of Joseph, ancestor of the tribe of Ephraim (בְּנֵי אֶפְרַיִם Numbers 10:22 and simply אֶפְרַיִם Joshua 16:10), the boundaries of which, about the middle of the Holy Land are described, Joshua 16:5, seq. In this region was הַר אֶפְרַיִם “mount,” or “the mountain region of Ephraim,” Joshua 19:50, 20:7 21:21 Judges 2:9, 3:27. But different from this is “the wood of Ephraim,” 2 Samuel 18:6 which, from the narrative, must be beyond Jordan (comp. -2 Sa. 17:2429 ); probably so called from the slaughter, of the Ephraimites, -Judges 12:16. 2 Samuel 13:23, עִם אֶפְרַיִם “at Ephraim,” i.e. within the boundaries of the tribe.
Ephraim, as being the royal tribe, is applied as a name
(2) of the whole kingdom and people of the ten tribes, especially in the books of the prophets, Isaiah 9:8, 17:3 28:3 Hosea 4:17, 5:3, seq.; 9:3, seq.; Isaiah 7:2, “Syria rests עַל אֶפְרַיִם upon the borders of Ephraim.” Where the land is signified it is fem. Hosea 5:9 where the people, m. Isaiah 7:8. Comp. אֶפְרָת No. 2.
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