Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #758 - אֲרָם
Aram or Arameans = “exalted”
1) Aram or Syria the nation
2) the Syrian or Aramean people
3) fifth son of Shem
4) a grandson of Nahor
5) a descendant of Asher
אֲרָם const. state אֲרַם [Aram, Mesopotamia, Syria], pr.n. (“height, high region” Hochland, opp. to בְּנַעַן Niederland).
(1) Aramœa, Aramœans, or Syria, Syrians, construed with a verb m. sing.; 2 Samuel 10:14, 15 2 Samuel 10:15, 18 2 Samuel 10:18; 1 Kings 20:26 pl. 2 Samuel 10:17, 19 2 Samuel 10:19; 1 Kings 20:20 more rarely with sing. f. Isaiah 7:2. This ancient and domestic name of Syria, was not altogether unknown to the Greeks, see Hom. Il. ii. 783; Hesiod. Theog. 304; Strabo xiii. 4, § 6; xvi. 4, § 27. The name of Aramœa however extends more widely than that of Syria, and also includes Mesopotamia, although Pliny (v. 15, § 12), and Mela (i. 11), give the same more extended limit to Syria. When it simply stands אֲרָם we should generally understand western Syria, or that properly so called; Judges 3:10; 1 Kings 10:29, 11:25 15:18 especially Syria of Damascus; Isaiah 7:1, Amos 1:5 more accurately called אֲרַם דַּמֶּשֶׂק, 2 Samuel 8:5. Where Mesopotamia is intended, it is called אֲרַם נַהֲרַיִם [Mesopotamia, Aram-naharaim] “Syria of the two rivers,” Genesis 24:10; Deuteronomy 23:5; Judges 3:8 or פַּדַּן אֲרָם; [Padan-aram] “the plain of Syria,” Genesis 25:20, 28:2, Genesis 28:5, Genesis 28:6, Genesis 28:7 and ellipt. פַּדָּן 48:7; rarely simply אֲרָם Numbers 23:7, when a more exact description has preceded (comp. אֲרַמִּי). In western Syria (not in Mesopotamia, as is commonly thought), there were besides in the time of David, certain other kingdoms, אֲרַם צוֹבָה [Aram-zobah]. (see צוֹבָה ), אֲרַם בֵּית רְחֹב [Aram-beth-rehob] (see רְחֹב בֵּית), אֲרַם מַעֲכָה[Arammaachah] (see מַעֲכָה ), חֲמָת, etc., which were however afterwards subject to the kings of Damascus (1 Kings 20:1). Comp. Gent. אֲרַמִּי אֲרָמִי.
(2) pr.n. m.
(a) Aram, the grandson of Nahor through Kemuel (Genesis 22:21), who seems to have given his name to the region of Syria. Comp. רַם.
(b) 1 Chronicles 7:34.
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