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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #05677 - עֵבֶר

Transliteration
‛êber
Phonetics
ay'-ber  
Word Origin
the same as (05676)
Parts of Speech
Proper Name Masculine
TWOT
None
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

Eber or Heber = “the region beyond”

1) son of Salah, great grandson of Shem, father of Peleg and Joktan

2) a Gadite chief

3) a Benjamite, son of Elpaal and descendant of Sharahaim

4) a Benjamite, son of Shashak

5) a priest in the days of Joiakim the son of Jeshua

Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (15) NAS (15) HCS (15)
Genesis 7
Numbers 1
1 Chronicles 6
Nehemiah 1
Genesis 7
Numbers 1
1 Chronicles 6
Nehemiah 1
Genesis 7
Numbers 1
1 Chronicles 6
Nehemiah 1
BYZ TIS TR
n-p 15
n-p 14
n-p 14
NA WH


Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 II. עֵ֫בֶר proper name, masculine Eber (perhaps eponym of Hebrews, form inferred from עִבְרִי, compare references there); —

1 'son' of Shelah, and 'grandson' of Arpachshad Genesis 10:24 (J) = 1 Chronicles 1:18; Genesis 11:14,15 (P); 'father' of Peleg and Joktan Genesis 10:25 (J; with especially reference to Joktan Genesis 10:26 ff., i.e. to Arabians) = 1 Chronicles 1:19 (compare 1 Chronicles 1:20 ff.), of Peleg specifically Genesis 11:16,17 (P; with especially reference to Abraham Genesis 11:26f.) compare 1 Chronicles 1:25 (see 1 Chronicles 1:27f.); in Genesis 10:21 (J) Shem is called אֲבִי כָּלבְּֿנֵיעֵֿבֶר; ᵐ5 Εβερ. — ׳ע Numbers 24:24 perhaps (si vera lectio) belongs not here ( = עִבְרִים Hebrews, ᵐ5 Ἐβραίους, so Thes), but below I. עֵבֶר = the (land) beyond (the river), "" אַשּׁוּר, so Di Kau.

2 a Gadite chief 1 Chronicles 5:13, ᵐ5 Ωβηδ, ᵐ5 L Εβερ.

3 Benjamite names:

a. 1 Chronicles 8:12, ᵐ5 Ωβηδ, ᵐ5 L Αβερ.

b. 1 Chronicles 8:22 (עֵבֶר van d. H. Ginsb; עֶבֶד Baer), ᵐ5 Ωβδη, A Ωβηδ, ᵐ5 L Αβερ.

4 a priest Nehemiah 12:20 ᵐ5 L Αβεδ.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

עֵבֶר m. with suff. עֶבְרוֹ

(1)  region on the other side, situated across a stream, or the sea. עֵבֶר אַרְנוֹן the region situated across the Arnon, Judges 11:18 בְּעֵבֶר הַיָּם in the region beyond the sea, Jeremiah 25:22 especially עֵבֶר הַיַּרְדֵּן τὸ πέραν τοῦ Ἰορδάνου, the region of Palestine beyond Jordan, i.e. situated to the east of Jordan, Genesis 50:10, 11 Genesis 50:11; Deuteronomy 1:1, 3:8, 20, 25 4:41, 46, 47 Joshua 1:14, 15 Joshua 1:15, 2:10 9:10 12:1 13:8, 32 Joshua 13:32, 14:3 17:5 20:8 22:4 Judges 5:17 Isa. 8:23 although the same expression is used five times, Joshua 5:1, 9:1 12:7 1 Chronicles 26:30, of the region on this side Jordan, by a later usage of language which seems to have arisen in the Babylonish captivity; [but observe it is so found in Joshua]. Similar also is the phrase עֵבֶר הַנָּהָר the region beyond the Euphrates, Joshua 24:2, Joshua 24:3; 2 Samuel 10:16; 1 Chronicles 19:16 which is used of provinces on this side, i.e. west of the Euphrates, 1 Kings 5:4; Ezra 8:36; Nehemiah 2:7 (compare Ch. Ezra 4:10, 16 Ezra 4:16); all of which were written by men living to the east of the Euphrates. [?] Plur. עֶבְרֵי נָהָר the regions beyond the Euphrates, Isaiah 7:20.

(2) the opposite region, a region over against, the opposite side, whether there be a valley or whatever else may be between. 1 Samuel 26:13, וַיַּעֲבֹר דָּוִר הָעֵבֶר “and David went over to the other side,” i.e. a mountain situated opposite. Hence, in opposition to each other, are put מֵהָעֵבֶר מִזֶּה and מֵהָעֵבֶר מִזֶּה 1 Samuel 14:4 and לְעֵבֶר אֶחָד, לְעֵבֶר אֶחָד ib. ver. 40; Exodus 28:26. Pl. מִכָּל־עֲבָרָיו from all sides, Jeremiah 49:32 מִשְּׁנֵי עֶבְרֵיהֶם on both sides, Exodus 32:15.

(3) with prefixes it often becomes a prep.

(a) אֶל־עֵבֶר (α) to the region beyond, Deuteronomy 30:13.

(β) to the opposite region, Joshua 22:11.

(γ) towards a region, towards, Exodus 28:26. More fully

(δ) אֶל עֵבֶר פָּנָיו towards the region opposite one’s face, i.e. right before one (Borwärts, gerade vor fich hin), Ezekiel 1:9, 12 Ezekiel 1:12, 10:22. עַל עֵבֶר פּ׳ idem, Exodus 25:37.

(b) לְעֶבְרוֹ i.q. אֶל עֶבְרוֹ straight before one, Isaiah 47:15.

(c) מֵעֵבֶר followed by a genit. and suff. and מֵעֵבֶר לְ (α) from the other side, from beyond, after verbs of motion, Joshua 24:3; Zephaniah 3:10.

(β) beyond, e.g. לַיָּם, מֵעֵבֶל beyond the sea, Deuteronomy 30:13 מֵעֵבֶר לְנַהֲרֵי כוּשׁ beyond the rivers of Ethiopia, Isaiah 18:1.

(4) pr.n. Eber

(a) the ancestor of the race of the Hebrews, Genesis 10:24, 25 Genesis 10:25, 11:14, 15 Genesis 11:15(see my observations on this, Gesch. d. Hebr. Sprache u. Schrift, p. 11); hence בְּנֵי עֵבֶר Genesis 10:21 and poet. עֵבֶר Numbers 24:24, i.q. עִבְרִים Hebrews; as to the difference between this and Israelites, see under עִבְרִי.

(b) Nehemiah 12:20.

(c) 1 Chronicles 8:12.

(d) 1 Chronicles 8:22.

(e) 1 Chronicles 5:13.

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List of Word Forms
וָעֵ֖בֶר וּלְעֵ֥בֶר ולעבר ועבר עֵ֑בֶר עֵ֔בֶר עֵ֕בֶר עֵ֗בֶר עֵ֥בֶר עֵֽבֶר׃ עבר עבר׃ ‘ê·ḇer ‘êḇer Ever ū·lə·‘ê·ḇer ūlə‘êḇer uleEver ulEver vaEver wā‘êḇer wā·‘ê·ḇer

Lectionary Calendar
Monday, November 12th, 2018
the Week of Proper 27 / Ordinary 32
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