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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #1612 - גֶּפֶן

Transliteration
gephen
Phonetics
gheh'-fen  
Word Origin
from an unused root meaning to bend
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TWOT
372a
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) vine, vine tree

1a) of Israel (figuratively)

1b) of stars fading at Jehovah’s judgment (metaphorically)

1c) of prosperity

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 288 ‑ ἄμπελος (am'‑pel‑os);  290 ‑ ἀμπελών (am‑pel‑ohn');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (55) NAS (55) HCS (55)
Genesis 3
Numbers 2
Deuteronomy 2
Judges 3
1 Kings 1
2 Kings 2
Job 1
Psalms 5
Song of Solomon 4
Isaiah 7
Jeremiah 5
Ezekiel 6
Hosea 3
Joel 3
Micah 1
Habakkuk 1
Haggai 1
Zechariah 2
Malachi 1
Genesis 3
Numbers 2
Deuteronomy 2
Judges 3
1 Kings 1
2 Kings 2
Job 1
Psalms 5
Song of Solomon 4
Isaiah 7
Jeremiah 5
Ezekiel 6
Hosea 3
Joel 3
Micah 1
Habakkuk 1
Haggai 1
Zechariah 2
Malachi 1
Genesis 3
Numbers 2
Deuteronomy 3
Judges 3
1 Kings 1
2 Kings 2
Job 1
Psalms 5
Song of Solomon 4
Isaiah 7
Jeremiah 5
Ezekiel 7
Hosea 3
Joel 3
Micah 1
Habakkuk 1
Haggai 1
Zechariah 2
Malachi 1
BYZ TIS TR
n-cbp 2
n-cbs 43
n-cbp 2
n-cbs 41
n-cbp 2
n-cbs 41
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2078) npc (גפנ GPN) AC: Bend CO: Grapevine AB: ?: The vines of the grape vine are twisted and bent as it winds around a pole. [from: pk- from the palm as bent]

Nm ) npc (גפנ GPN) - Grapevine: KJV (55): vine, tree - Strongs: H1612 (גֶּפֶן)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2020
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 גֶּ֫פֶן noun feminine Judges 9:13 + ( masculine only Hosea 10:1, perhaps influence of יִשְׂרָאֵל 2 Kings 4:39) vine (Late Hebrew id., Arabic (Yemen), Assyrian gapnu, compare Zehnpf BAS i. 633; Aramaic גּוֺפַן, גֶּפֶן, , plural ) — ׳ג Genesis 40:9 38t. (also construct, as Numbers 6:4; Deuteronomy 32:32; Isaiah 16:8,9), גָּ֑פֶן Judges 9:12 2t.; suffix גַּפְנִי Joel 1:7, גַּפְנְךָ Jeremiah 5:17, גַּפְנוֺ 1 Kings 5:5 3t., גַּפְנָהּ Hosea 2:14, גַּפְנָם Deuteronomy 32:32 2t.; plural גְּפָנִים Song of Solomon 2:13; Habakkuk 3:17 vine (always grape-bearing except 2 Kings 4:39) Genesis 40:9,10 (in dream) Genesis 49:11; Numbers 20:5; Deuteronomy 8:8; Judges 9:12,13 (in allegory) 1 Kings 5:5; 2 Kings 18:31 = Isaiah 36:16; Psalm 78:47; Psalm 105:33; Song of Solomon 2:13; Song of Solomon 6:11; Song of Solomon 7:13; Isaiah 7:23; Isaiah 24:7; Isaiah 32:12; Jeremiah 5:17; Jeremiah 8:13; Hosea 2:14; Joel 1:7,12; Joel 2:22; Micah 4:4; Habakkuk 3:17; Haggai 2:19; Zechariah 2:10; Zechariah 8:12; Malachi 3:11; גֶּפֶן שָׂדֶה a vine bearing poisonous gourds 2 Kings 4:39; גֶּפֶן הַיַּיִן Numbers 6:4 (compare Genesis 40:10; Judges 9:13) Judges 13:14; אֶשְׁכְּלוֺת הַגֶּפֶן Song of Solomon 8:9; עֵץ הַגֶּפֶן Ezekiel 15:2,6; in simile of stars fading away at Yahweh's judgment Isaiah 34:4; in simile of wicked losing early promise Job 15:33; in simile of wife Psalm 128:3; figurative of Israel Psalm 80:9; Psalm 80:15; Ezekiel 17:6 (twice in verse); Ezekiel 17:7,8; Hosea 10:1 compare Ezekiel 19:10; Jeremiah 2:21; Jeremiah 6:9; also Hosea 14:8; figurative of Israel as easily destroyed Ezekiel 15:2,6; figurative of godless enemies of Israel Deuteronomy 32:32 compare Di; גֶּפֶן שִׂבְמָה figurative for prosperity of Moab Isaiah 16:8,9; Jeremiah 48:32. — On the vine in Syria compare Anderlind ZPV:1888,160 ff.

גפף (√ of following; compare Syriac in derivatives, curved, convex; also Arabic both hilly country and depression, Frey.)

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

גֶּפֶן with suff. גַּפְנִי; pl. גְּפָנִים comm. (m. rarely Hosea 10:1; 2 Kings 4:39), a twig, and a plant which has twigs, especially a vine, which however [“comp. salix = ἕλιξ prop. a rod, switch”], when more exactness was needed, as in the laws, is called גֶּפֶן הַיַּיִן Numbers 6:4; Judges 13:14 rarely used of other similar plants, as גֶּפֶן שָׂדֶה 2 Kings 4:39, a wild vine, on which wild cucumbers grew. Hence most commonly it simply denotes a vine, Genesis 40:9; Isaiah 7:23, 24:7 32:12 Judges 9:13, seq. A noble vine figuratively denotes men of more noble qualities, Jeremiah 2:21 (compare Isaiah 5:2); and on the other hand, a wild vine, vine of Sodom (Jer. loc. cit.; Deuteronomy 32:32), denotes men of ignoble and degenerate qualities; as to the latter, see on the apples of Sodom, Jos. Bell. Jud. iv. 8, § 4.

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List of Word Forms
בַּגְּפָנִ֔ים בַּגֶּ֜פֶן בגפן בגפנים גֶ֖פֶן גֶּ֖פֶן גֶּ֣פֶן גֶּ֤פֶן גֶּ֭פֶן גַּ֭פְנָם גַּפְנ֛וֹ גַּפְנְךָ֖ גַּפְנִי֙ גַּפְנָ֑ם גַּפְנָ֔ם גַּפְנָהּ֙ גַּפְנוֹ֙ גָ֑פֶן גפן גפנה גפנו גפני גפנך גפנם הַגֶּ֔פֶן הַגֶּ֖פֶן הַגֶּ֙פֶן֙ הַגֶּ֜פֶן הַגֶּ֣פֶן הַגֶּ֥פֶן הַגֶּ֨פֶן הגפן וְגֶ֙פֶן֙ וְגֶ֥פֶן וְהַגְּפָנִ֥ים ׀ וָגֶ֖פֶן וּבַגֶּ֖פֶן ובגפן וגפן והגפנים כְּגֶ֥פֶן כַּגֶּ֣פֶן כַגֶּ֖פֶן כַגֶּ֛פֶן כַגָּ֑פֶן כגפן לְגֶ֔פֶן לְגֶ֥פֶן לְגֶ֨פֶן לַגֶּ֙פֶן֙ לַגָּ֑פֶן לגפן מִגֶּ֔פֶן מִגֶּ֣פֶן מִגֶּ֤פֶן מִגֶּ֨פֶן מגפן bag·gə·p̄ā·nîm bag·ge·p̄en baggefaNim bagGefen baggəp̄ānîm baggep̄en chagGafen chagGefen ḡā·p̄en Gafen gafNah gafNam gafneCha gafNi gafNo Gafnom gap̄·nāh gap̄·nām gap̄·nə·ḵā gap̄·nî gap̄·nōw ḡāp̄en gap̄nāh gap̄nām gap̄nəḵā gap̄nî gap̄nōw ge·p̄en ḡe·p̄en Gefen gep̄en ḡep̄en hag·ge·p̄en hagGefen haggep̄en ḵag·gā·p̄en kag·ge·p̄en ḵag·ge·p̄en ḵaggāp̄en kagGefen kaggep̄en ḵaggep̄en kə·ḡe·p̄en keGefen kəḡep̄en lag·gā·p̄en lag·ge·p̄en lagGafen laggāp̄en lagGefen laggep̄en lə·ḡe·p̄en leGefen ləḡep̄en mig·ge·p̄en migGefen miggep̄en ū·ḇag·ge·p̄en ūḇaggep̄en uvagGefen vaGefen veGefen vehaggefaNim wā·ḡe·p̄en wāḡep̄en wə·ḡe·p̄en wə·hag·gə·p̄ā·nîm wəḡep̄en wəhaggəp̄ānîm
Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, June 6th, 2020
the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
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