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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2077 - זֶבַח

Transliteration
zebach
Phonetics
zeh'-bakh  
Word Origin
from (02076)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TWOT
525a
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) sacrifice

1a) sacrifices of righteousness

1b) sacrifices of strife

1c) sacrifices to dead things

1d) the covenant sacrifice

1e) the passover

1f) annual sacrifice

1g) thank offering

Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (162) NAS (157) HCS (161)
Genesis 2
Exodus 8
Leviticus 32
Numbers 20
Deuteronomy 6
Joshua 5
Judges 1
1 Samuel 15
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 3
2 Kings 4
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 7
Nehemiah 1
Psalms 11
Proverbs 5
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 7
Jeremiah 6
Ezekiel 6
Daniel 1
Hosea 5
Amos 2
Jonah 1
Zephaniah 2
Genesis 2
Exodus 7
Leviticus 32
Numbers 20
Deuteronomy 5
Joshua 5
Judges 1
1 Samuel 14
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 3
2 Kings 4
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 5
Nehemiah 1
Psalms 11
Proverbs 5
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 7
Jeremiah 6
Ezekiel 6
Daniel 1
Hosea 5
Amos 2
Jonah 1
Zephaniah 2
Genesis 2
Exodus 9
Leviticus 35
Numbers 20
Deuteronomy 6
Joshua 5
Judges 1
1 Samuel 17
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 3
2 Kings 4
1 Chronicles 2
2 Chronicles 8
Nehemiah 1
Psalms 11
Proverbs 5
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 7
Jeremiah 6
Ezekiel 6
Daniel 1
Hosea 5
Amos 2
Jonah 1
Zephaniah 2
BYZ TIS TR
n-cmp 14
n-cmpc 17
n-cms 98
v-qi3mp 1
v-qp3cp 2
v-qw3mp 1
n-cmp 14
n-cmpc 19
n-cms 96
v-qi3mp 1
v-qp3cp 2
v-qw3mp 1
n-cmp 14
n-cmpc 19
n-cms 96
v-qi3mp 1
v-qp3cp 2
v-qw3mp 1
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2117) hbz (זבהה ZBHh) AC: Sacrifice CO: Altar AB: ?: The killing of an animal for food or sacrifice. [from: hb]

V) hbz (זבהה ZBHh) - Sacrifice: To kill an animal for an offering. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (135): (vf: Paal, Piel) sacrifice, offer, kill, slay - Strongs: H1684 (דְּבַח), H2076 (זָבַח)

Nm) hbz (זבהה ZBHh) - Sacrifice: An animal killed for an offering. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (163): sacrifice, offering, offer - Strongs: H1685 (דְּבַח), H2077 (זֶבַח)

am) hbzm (מזבהה MZBHh) - Al KJV (1): alter - Strongs: H4056 (מַדְבַּח)

hm ) hbzm (מזבהה MZBHh) - Al |kjv: alter - Strongs: H4196 (מִזְבֵּחַ)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2019
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 I. זֶ֫בַח162 noun masculine Judges 16:23 sacrifice ** Phoenician זבח of an offering of bread and oil CIS i. 165,12; 167. 8, compare RS Semitic 205 (2nd ed. 222). ׳ז absolute Genesis 31:54 +; construct Exodus 34:25 +; זָ֑בַח Leviticus 17:8 16t.; suffix זִבְחוֺ Leviticus 7:16; Ezekiel 34:15, זִבְחֲכֶם Leviticus 19:6; plural זְבָחִים Genesis 46:1 +; construct זִבְחֵי Leviticus 17:5 +; suffix 3 masculine plural זִבְחֵיהֶם Leviticus 17:5, זְבָחֵימוֺ Deuteronomy 32:38, זִבְחֹתָם Hosea 4:19 etc.; — the common and most ancient sacrifice, whose essential rite was eating the flesh of the victim at a feast in which the god of the clan shared by receiving the blood and fat pieces. In the older literature it is distinguished from מִנְחָה and עֹלָה, in the later literature from חַטָּאת and אָשָׁם.

I. general name for all sacrifices eaten at feasts: —

1 of the God of Israel Genesis 46:1; Exodus 10:25; Exodus 18:12 (E) Hosea 3:4; Hosea 6:6; Hosea 9:4; Amos 5:25; Isaiah 1:11; Isaiah 19:21; Deuteronomy 12:27; Deuteronomy 18:3; 1 Samuel 2:13,29; 1 Samuel 3:14; 1 Samuel 6:15; 1 Samuel 9:12,13; 1 Samuel 15:22 (twice in verse); 1 Samuel 16:3,5 (twice in verse); 2 Samuel 15:12; 1 Kings 8:62; 1 Kings 12:27; 2 Kings 5:17; 2 Kings 16:15; Psalm 40:7; Psalm 50:8; Psalm 51:18; Psalm 51:19; Proverbs 15:8; Proverbs 21:3,27; Isaiah 43:23,24; Isaiah 56:7; Jeremiah 6:20; Jeremiah 7:21,22; Jeremiah 17:26; Jeremiah 33:18; Ezekiel 40:42; Ezekiel 44:11; 1 Chronicles 29:21 (twice in verse); 2 Chronicles 7:1,4,5,12; Nehemiah 12:43; Daniel 9:27; Ecclesiastes 4:17. They should be זִבְחֵי צֶדֶק sacrifices of righteousness (offered in righteousness by the righteous) Deuteronomy 33:19; Psalm 4:6; Psalm 51:21; זִבְחֵי הַבְהָבַי sacrifices of gifts to me (׳י) Hosea 8:13; the temple is בֵּית זָבַ֑ח 2 Chronicles 7:12; they should not be רִיב׳ז sacrifices of strife, where strife prevails Proverbs 17:1.

2 of other deities Exodus 34:15; Numbers 25:2; Deuteronomy 32:38 (JE) Judges 16:23; 2 Kings 10:19,24; Hosea 4:19; Isaiah 57:7; Ezekiel 20:28; these are זִבְחֵי מֵתִים sacrifices to dead things (lifeless gods, opposed to ׳י as living), Psalm 106:28.

II. there are several kinds ofזְבָחִים which are gradually distinguished:

1 the covenant sacrifice, between Jacob and Laban Genesis 31:54 (E), with God Psalm 50:5 (compare Exodus 24:5; 1 Samuel 11:15).

2 the passover זֶבַח חַגהַמֶּסַח Exodus 34:25 (JE), זבח פסח Exodus 12:27 (J); and probably also זבחי Exodus 23:18 (JE) = Exodus 34:25 ( id.)

3 annual sacrifice זֶבַח הַיָּמִים 1 Samuel 1:21; 1 Samuel 2:19; 1 Samuel 20:6, compare מִשְׁמָּחָה׳ז sacrifice of the clan 1 Samuel 20:29.

4 thank offering (הַ)תּוֺדָה׳ז Leviticus 7:12; Leviticus 22:29; Psalm 107:22; Psalm 116:17, which is given as קָרְבָּנוֺ׳ז, זִבְחוֺ, הַזָּבַח Leviticus 7:16,17; and as a variety of שְׁלָמִים Leviticus 7:13,15; it is implied in זִבְחֵי תְרוּעָה Psalm 27:6; yet זֶבַח is Generic with תּוֺדָה 2 Chronicles 29:31 (twice in verse).

5 in ritual of H & P זבחים are defined by שׁלמים (q. v.) Leviticus 3:1 39t. Leviticus , Numbers , 1 Samuel 10:8; 1 Kings 8:63; 2 Chronicles 30:22; 33:16; Proverbs 7:14, but sometimes (rarely) ׳ז alone is used in this sense, with or without suffix, where the meaning is plain from the context: Leviticus 17:5,7,8; Leviticus 19:6; Leviticus 23:37 (H) Numbers 15:3,5,8; Joshua 22:26,29 (all P). These ritual offerings are of three varieties תּוֺדָה, נֶדֶר and נְדָבָה Leviticus 7:12,16 (P); in the several lists זבחים are distinguished from תודות Amos 4:4f.; 2 Chronicles 29:31, from נדרים Numbers 15:8 (P) Deuteronomy 12:6,11; Jonah 1:16, from נדבות Amos 4:4f.; Deuteronomy 12:6 and from the more comprehensive שׁלמים Numbers 15:8; Joshua 22:27 (P). So also the sacrifice at the institution of the covenant at Horeb Exodus 24:5 (J E) and the sacrifice at the installation of Saul 1 Samuel 11:5 are defined as זבחים שׁלמים. Thus ׳ז seems not only to be used for all these special forms but also to include other festal sacrifices not defined in the codes of law. The ritual was the same for the entire class. They were all sacrifices for feasts in which the flesh of the victim was eaten by the offerers, except so far as the officiating priests had certain choice pieces and the blood and fat pieces went to the altar for God. The sacrifice at the institution of the covenant at Horeb, the Passover victim, and the ram of consecration, were special, in that there was an application of a portion of the blood to the persons and things which were to be consecrated, Exodus 12:22; Exodus 24:8; Leviticus 8:23.

6 the slaughter of hostile nations is also aזֶבַח offered by God Himself, in which the vultures devour the flesh of the victims Isaiah 34:6; Jeremiah 46:10; Ezekiel 39:17 (twice in verse); Ezekiel 39:19; Zephaniah 1:7,8.

7 the verb used with זֶבַח is ordinarily זָבַח but others also are found e.g. עָשָׂה Numbers 6:17; Numbers 15:3,5,8; Joshua 22:23 (P) 1 Kings 12:27; 2 Kings 5:17; 2 Kings 10:24; Jeremiah 33:18 (compare Sabean עסי דֿבח Hal148 DHM ZMG 1888,374); הֵבִיא Amos 4:4; Deuteronomy 12:6,11; Jeremiah 17:26, הִגִּישׁ Amos 5:25, הִקְרִיב Leviticus 7:11,16; Leviticus 22:21 (all P), עָבַד Isaiah 19:21, נָתַן Ecclesiastes 4:17, יַעֲלָה עֹלָה אוֺ זֶבַח Leviticus 17:8 (H), ׳בִּשֵּׁל ז Ezekiel 46:24, שָׁחַט אֶתהָֿעוֺלָה וְהַזָּבַ֑ח Ezekiel 40:42; compare Ezekiel 44:11.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

זֶבַח m. with suff. זִבְחִי, pl. זְבָחִים, const. זבְחֵי once זְבָחוֹת Hosea 4:19.

(1) pr. a slaying; hence the flesh of slain animals, feasts, Genesis 31:54; Ezekiel 39:17; Proverbs 17:1, זִבְחֵי־רִיב contentious feasts.

(2) a sacrifice [“whether the act of sacrificing or”], an offering, a victim. Opposed both to מִנְחָה a bloodless offering [when so contrasted], 1 Samuel 2:29 Psal. 40:7, and to עוֹלָה a burnt offering, holocaust; so that זֶבַח denotes sacrifices of which but a part were consumed, such as expiatory or eucharistic offerings, etc., Exodus 10:25; Leviticus 17:8; Numbers 15:5, זֶבַח שְׁלָמִים a eucharistic offering, Leviticus 3:1, 4:10, etc. It is also used in speaking generally of great and solemn sacrifices, and sacrificial feasts. זֶבַח הַיָּמִים an annual sacrifice, 1 Samuel 1:21, 20:6. זֶבַח מִשְׁפָּחָה a family sacrifice, 20:29 compare 9:12, 13 1 Samuel 9:13, 16:3.

(3) [Zebah], pr.n. of a Midianite king, Judges 8:5; Psalms 83:12.

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List of Word Forms
בְּזִבְחִי֙ בְּזֶ֥בַח בַּזָּ֑בַח בזבח בזבחי הַזְּבָחִ֑ים הַזְּבָחִ֨ים הַזֶּ֔בַח הַזֶּ֖בַח הַזֶּ֙בַח֙ הַזָּ֑בַח הזבח הזבחים וְהַזְּבָחִ֑ים וְהַזָּֽבַח׃ וְזִבְחֵיהֶ֛ם וְזִבְחֵיכֶ֔ם וְזִבְחֵיכֶ֖ם וְזִבְחֵיכֶ֗ם וְזֶ֖בַח וָזֶ֙בַח֙ וָזָֽבַח׃ וּבִזְבָחֵ֖ינוּ וּזְבָחִ֔ים וּזְבָחִ֖ים וּזְבָחִ֥ים וּזְבָחֶ֖יךָ וּלְזֶ֖בַח וּלְזֶ֣בַח וּלְזָ֑בַח ובזבחינו והזבח׃ והזבחים וזבח וזבח׃ וזבחיהם וזבחיך וזבחיכם וזבחים ולזבח זְ֠בָחִים זְ֭בָחֶיךָ זְבָחִ֔ים זְבָחִ֛ים זְבָחִ֣ים זְבָחִ֤ים זְבָחִ֥ים זְבָחִ֧ים זְבָחִ֨ים זְבָחֵ֙ימוֹ֙ זְבָחֶ֖יךָ זְבָחֶ֗יךָ זִֽבְחֵ֣י זִבְח֖וֹ זִבְחֲכֶ֛ם זִבְחִ֑י זִבְחִ֗י זִבְחֵ֣י זִבְחֵ֥י זִבְחֵ֧י זִבְחֵי־ זִבְחֵיהֶ֔ם זִבְחֵיהֶ֗ם זִבְחֵיהֶם֙ זִבְחֵיהֶם֮ זִבְחֵיכֶ֔ם זִבְחֵיכֶ֖ם זִבְחֵיכֶם֙ זֶ֔בַח זֶ֖בַח זֶ֗בַח זֶ֙בַח֙ זֶ֚בַח זֶ֠בַח זֶ֣בַח זֶ֤בַח זֶ֥בַח זֶ֧בַח זֶ֨בַח זֶּ֖בַח זֶֽבַח־ זֶבַח֩ זָ֑בַח זָֽבַח׃ זבח זבח־ זבח׃ זבחו זבחי זבחי־ זבחיהם זבחיך זבחיכם זבחים זבחימו זבחכם לְזִבְחֵ֖י לְזֶ֔בַח לְזֶ֥בַח לְזָֽבַח׃ לַזָּ֑בַח לַזָּֽבַח׃ לזבח לזבח׃ לזבחי מִזִּבְחִ֖י מִזִּבְחֵ֖י מִזִּבְחֵ֣י מִזִּבְחֵ֥י מִזִּבְחֽוֹ׃ מִזִּבְחוֹתָֽם׃ מִזֶּ֣בַח מִזֶּ֤בַח מִזֶּ֥בַח מִזָּֽבַח׃ מזבח מזבח׃ מזבחו׃ מזבחותם׃ מזבחי baz·zā·ḇaḥ bazzāḇaḥ bazZavach bə·ze·ḇaḥ bə·ziḇ·ḥî bəzeḇaḥ beZevach bəziḇḥî bezivChi haz·zā·ḇaḥ haz·zə·ḇā·ḥîm haz·ze·ḇaḥ hazzāḇaḥ hazZavach hazzeḇaḥ hazzəḇāḥîm hazZevach hazzevaChim laz·zā·ḇaḥ lazzāḇaḥ lazZavach lə·zā·ḇaḥ lə·ze·ḇaḥ lə·ziḇ·ḥê ləzāḇaḥ leZavach ləzeḇaḥ leZevach ləziḇḥê lezivChei miz·zā·ḇaḥ miz·ze·ḇaḥ miz·ziḇ·ḥê miz·ziḇ·ḥî miz·ziḇ·ḥō·w·ṯām miz·ziḇ·ḥōw mizzāḇaḥ mizZavach mizzeḇaḥ mizZevach mizziḇḥê mizziḇḥî mizziḇḥōw mizziḇḥōwṯām mizzivChei mizzivChi mizzivCho mizzivchoTam ū·ḇiz·ḇā·ḥê·nū ū·lə·zā·ḇaḥ ū·lə·ze·ḇaḥ ū·zə·ḇā·ḥe·ḵā ū·zə·ḇā·ḥîm ūḇizḇāḥênū ūləzāḇaḥ uleZavach ūləzeḇaḥ uleZevach uvizvaCheinu ūzəḇāḥeḵā ūzəḇāḥîm uzevaCheicha uzevaChim vaZavach vaZevach vehazZavach vehazzevaChim veZevach vezivcheiChem vezivcheiHem wā·zā·ḇaḥ wā·ze·ḇaḥ wāzāḇaḥ wāzeḇaḥ wə·haz·zā·ḇaḥ wə·haz·zə·ḇā·ḥîm wə·ze·ḇaḥ wə·ziḇ·ḥê·hem wə·ziḇ·ḥê·ḵem wəhazzāḇaḥ wəhazzəḇāḥîm wəzeḇaḥ wəziḇḥêhem wəziḇḥêḵem zā·ḇaḥ zāḇaḥ Zavach zə·ḇā·ḥe·ḵā zə·ḇā·ḥê·mōw zə·ḇā·ḥîm ze·ḇaḥ ze·ḇaḥ- zeḇaḥ zeḇaḥ- zəḇāḥeḵā zəḇāḥêmōw zəḇāḥîm zevach zevaCheicha zevaCheimov zevaChim ziḇ·ḥă·ḵem ziḇ·ḥê ziḇ·ḥê- ziḇ·ḥê·hem ziḇ·ḥê·ḵem ziḇ·ḥî ziḇ·ḥōw ziḇḥăḵem ziḇḥê ziḇḥê- ziḇḥêhem ziḇḥêḵem ziḇḥî ziḇḥōw zivchaChem zivChei zivcheiChem zivcheiHem zivChi zivCho
Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, November 16th, 2019
the Week of Proper 27 / Ordinary 32
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