corner graphic   Hi,    
ver. 2.0.19.10.22
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to classic.studylight.org/

Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2717 - חָרַב

Transliteration
chârab, chârêb
Phonetics
khaw-rab', khaw-rabe'  
Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
731,732
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to be waste, lay waste, make desolate, be desolate, be in ruins

1a) (Qal) to be waste, be desolate

1b) (Niphal)

1b1) to be made desolate

1b2) desolate (participle)

1c) (Hiphil) to lay waste, make desolate

1d) (Hophal) to be laid waste

2) to be dry, be dried up

2a) (Qal) to be dried, be dried up

2b) (Pual) to be dried

2c) (Hiphil) to dry up

2d) (Hophal) to be dried up

3) to attack, smite down, slay, fight

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1842 ‑ ἐξολεθρεύω (ex‑ol‑oth‑ryoo'‑o);  1587 ‑ ἐκλείπω (ek‑li'‑po);  2047 ‑ ἐρημία (er‑ay‑mee'‑ah);  2048 ‑ ἔρημος (er'‑ay‑mos);  3583 ‑ ξηραίνω (xay‑rah'ee‑no);  2049 ‑ ἐρημόω (er‑ay‑mo'‑o);  3164 ‑ μάχομαι (makh'‑om‑ahee);  1311 ‑ διαφθείρω (dee‑af‑thi'‑ro);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (40) NAS (39) HCS (39)
Genesis 1
Judges 3
2 Kings 3
Job 1
Psalms 1
Isaiah 11
Jeremiah 5
Ezekiel 7
Hosea 1
Amos 1
Nahum 1
Zephaniah 1
Genesis 1
Judges 3
2 Kings 3
Job 1
Psalms 1
Isaiah 11
Jeremiah 5
Ezekiel 7
Hosea 1
Amos 1
Nahum 1
Zephaniah 1
Genesis 2
Judges 3
2 Kings 3
Job 1
Psalms 1
Isaiah 12
Jeremiah 5
Ezekiel 8
Hosea 1
Amos 1
Nahum 1
Zephaniah 1
BYZ TIS TR
v-HPfp 1
v-Hp3fs 1
v-Pp3cp 2
v-hPfs 1
v-hPms 1
v-hi1cs 4
v-hp1cs 2
v-hp3cp 2
v-hp3ms 2
v-nPfp 1
v-nPfs 1
v-np3cp 2
v-qi3fp 1
v-qi3fs 2
v-qi3mp 4
v-qi3ms 3
v-qp3cp 3
v-qvfs 1
v-qvmp 2
v-qvms 1
v-qw3ms 1
v-HPfp 1
v-Hp3fs 1
v-Pp3cp 2
v-hPfs 1
v-hPms 1
v-hi1cs 4
v-hp1cs 2
v-hp3cp 2
v-hp3ms 2
v-nPfp 1
v-nPfs 1
v-np3cp 2
v-qi3fp 1
v-qi3fs 2
v-qi3mp 4
v-qi3ms 3
v-qp3cp 3
v-qvfs 1
v-qvmp 2
v-qvms 1
v-qw3ms 1
v-HPfp 1
v-Hp3fs 1
v-Pp3cp 2
v-hPfs 1
v-hPms 1
v-hi1cs 4
v-hp1cs 2
v-hp3cp 2
v-hp3ms 2
v-nPfp 1
v-nPfs 1
v-np3cp 2
v-qi3fp 1
v-qi3fs 2
v-qi3mp 4
v-qi3ms 3
v-qp3cp 3
v-qvfs 1
v-qvmp 2
v-qvms 1
v-qw3ms 1
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2199) brh (ההרב HhRB) AC: Waste CO: Sword AB: ?: [from: rh- heat]

V) brh (ההרב HhRB) - Waste: A dry wasteland. Also a place that has been laid waste and made desolate. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (41): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hophal, Pual, Participle) waste, dry, desolate, slay, decay, destroy - Strongs: H2717 (חָרַב), H2718 (חֲרַב)

Nf) brh (ההרב HhRB) - I. Sword:A weapon used to lay waste a city. II. Waste:A dry or desolate place. KJV (423): sword, knife, dagger, axe, mattock - Strongs: H2719 (חֶרֶב), H2720 (חָרֵב)

Nf1) ebrh (ההרבה HhRBH) - Waste: KJV (50): waste, desolate, desert, decayed, dry land, dry ground - Strongs: H2723 (חָרְבָּה), H2724 (חָרָבָה)

gm) brfh (ההורב HhWRB) - I. Heat: II. Waste: KJV (16): heat, dry, drought, waste, desolation - Strongs: H2721 (חֹרֶב)

jm) nfbrh (ההרבונ HhRBWN) - Drought: KJV (1): drought - Strongs: H2725 (חֲרָבוֹן)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2019
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 I. [חָרֵב] verb be dry, dried up (compare יָבֵשׁ) (Aramaic חֲרוֺב be dry, חוּרְבָּא drought); —

Qal Perfect 3 plural חָֽרְבוּ Genesis 8:13 (twice in verse), Isaiah 19:6; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יֶחֱרַב Hosea 13:15 2t., וַיֶּחֱרָ֑ב Psalm 106:9; Imperative feminine singular חֳרָ֑בִי Isaiah 44:27; — be dry, dried up:

1 of ground, be freed from waters of floodמְּנֵי חָאֲדָמָה ׳ח Genesis 8:13 b (J).

2 of waters, be dried up, taken away; of waters of flood Genesis 8:13 a (P); of Nile וְנָהָריֶחֱרַב וְיָבֵשׁ Isaiah 19:5 ("" וְנִשְּׁתוּמַֿיִם מֵהַיָּם), see same combination Job 14:11 ("" אָֽזְלו מַיִם מִנִּייָֿם); Isaiah 19:6 ("" דָּֽלֲלוּ) Isaiah 44:27 ("" הוֺבִישׁ); of Red Sea Psalm 106:9; figurative of Ephraim's freshness and vigour Hosea 13:15.

Pu`al Perfect 3 plural לֹא חֹרָ֑בוּ Judges 16:7,8, of fresh bow-strings (of gut, see Bla).

Hiph`il Perfect הֶחֱרִיב Nahum 1:4, of ׳י's drying up rivers ("" וַיַּבְּשֵׁהוּ), perhaps also Isaiah 11:15 (for ᵑ0החרים) see ᵐ5ᵑ6 ᵑ9ᵑ7; וְהַחֲרַבְתִּ֫י the Euphrates Jeremiah 51:36 ("" הוֺבַשְׁתִּי); Imperfect אַחֲרִיב יָם Isaiah 50:2, subject ׳י, I dry up a sea ("" אָשִׂים נְהָרוֺת מִדְבָּר); אַחְרִב Isaiah 37:25 = אַחֲרִב 2 Kings 19:24, of king of Assyria drying up rivers of Egypt; Participle feminine singular הַמַּחֲרֶבֶת Isaiah 51:10 of ׳י's arm drying up (Red) Sea.

II. [חָרֵב] be waste, desolate (Late Hebrew חָרֵב id.; Aramaic חֲרוֺב be laid waste; Zinjirli חרב adjective; Arabic be in ruins, waste, depopulated; Assyrian —arâbu, be waste, Dl Proverbs 175, —uribtu, desert, Lotz TP); —

Qal Imperfect 3 feminine singular תֶּחֱרַ֔ב Jeremiah 26:9, תֶּחֱרָ֔ב Isaiah 34:10; 3 masculine plural יֶחֶרְבוּ Ezekiel 6:6, יֶחֱרָ֑בוּ Amos 7:9; Isaiah 60:12; 3 feminine plural תֶּחֱרַבְנָה Ezekiel 6:6; Ezekiel 12:20; Imperative חָרְבוּ ( Song of Solomon , not חָֽרְבוּ — Theile — see van d. H Hahn Kö i. 244) Jeremiah 2:12; Infinitive absolute חָרֹב Isaiah 60:12; — be waste, desolate; of sanctuaries of Israel Amos 7:9 ("" נָשַׁמּוּ), of altars Ezekiel 6:6; of cities Jeremiah 26:9; Ezekiel 6:6; Ezekiel 12:20 ("" שׁמם); of nations Isaiah 34:10, חָרֹב יֶחֱרָ֑בוּ Isaiah 60:12 ("" יאֹבֵדוּ); figurative, in address to the heavens חָרְבוּ מְאֹד Jeremiah 2:12 — ("" שֹׁמּוּ, וְשַׂעֲרוּ), be very desolate (at sins of Israel); others, be amazed, astounded (on relation of meanings see שׁמם).

Niph`al Participle feminine נֶחֱרֶבֶת Ezekiel 26:19 as adjective, desolate city, i.e. uninhabited, see context; נַחֲרָבוֺת Ezekiel 30:17 of desolate countries ("" נָשַׁמּוּ).

Hiph`il Perfect הֶחֱרִיב Ezekiel 19:17; 1 singular הֶחֱרַבְתִּי Zephaniah 3:6; 3 plural הֶחֱרִיבוּ Isaiah 37:18; 2 Kings 19:17; Imperfect 1 singular אַחֲרִיב Isaiah 42:15; Participle מַחֲרִיב Judges 16:24; plural with suffix מַחֲרִיבַיִךְ Isaiah 49:17; — lay waste, make desolate, human subject; nations and lands Isaiah 37:18 = 2 Kings 19:17; Isaiah 42:15, compare participle Isaiah 49:17 ("" מְהָֽרְסַיִךְ); add probably with We Amos 4:9 (הֶחֱרַבְתִּי for the untranslateable הַרְבּוֺת) I have devastated your gardens and vineyards; participle Judges 16:24 desolater of our country ("" הִרְבָּה אֶתחֲֿלָלֵנ֑וּ); object cities Ezekiel 19:7; streets Zephaniah 3:6 ("" נָשַׁמּוּ).

Hoph`al Perfect 3 feminine singular הָחֳרָ֑בָה Ezekiel 26:2 she is laid waste, of a city; Participle מָחֳרָבוֺת Ezekiel 29:12 laid waste, of cities ("" שׁמם).

III. [חָרַב] verb (Aramaic and rare) attack, smite down (compare Arabic plunder, III. wage war with, VI. fight together, war, battle; Syriac smite, slay) —

Qal Imperative masculine singular חֲרֹב Jeremiah 50:21 attack (+ וְהַחֲרֵם אַחֲרֵיהֶם); masculine plural חִרְבוּ Jeremiah 50:27 object כָּלמָּֿרֶיהָ, figurative of men of Babylon.

Niph`al Perfect 3 plural נֶחֶרְבוּ המלכים (see

Hoph`al) הָחֳרֵב 2 Kings 3:23 the kings have attacked one another, fought together ("" וַיַּכּוּ אִישׁ אֶתרֵֿעֵהוּ).

Hoph`al Infinitive absolute 2 Kings 3:23, see

Niph`al, but read perhaps הֵחָרֵב, compare Dr Leviticus 19:20, note.

[חֲרַב] verb be waste (see Biblical Hebrew II. חרב); —

Hoph`al Perfect הָחָרְבַ֑ת Ezra 4:15 city was laid waste.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

חָרַב whence imp. חֲרֹב, and חָרֵב future יֶחֱרִב

(1)  to be dried up, spoken of water, rivers, earth. Genesis 8:13; Job 14:11 Isai. 19:6 Psalms 106:9. It differs [“as merely denoting the absence of water”] from יָבֵשׁ to be dry, to become dried, see Genesis 8:13, compare 14 also Isaiah 19:5, where there is a gradation, וְנָהָר יֶחֱרַב וְיָבֵשׁ. Compare Reimarus, De Differentia Vocc. Hebr. p. 64. (From the same stock is Gr. κάρφω to become dry, κράμβος dry.)

(2) to be desolate, to be laid waste, spoken of countries or cities, (dry places being desert, devoid of water, Isai. 42:15 48:21 ); Isai. 34:10 Jeremiah 26:9 of sanctuaries, Amos 7:9 also to be destroyed, wasted, spoken of a people, Isaiah 60:12 and trans. to lay waste, to destroy, Jeremiah 50:21. (Imp. חֲרֹב.)

(3) to be amazed, astonished, Jeremiah 2:12 compare the synonymous words שָׁמַם and שָׁעַר.

(Arab. خَرِبَ to be laid waste, Conj. II. to lay waste, to destroy; cognate to which is حَرَبَ I. II. IV. to wage war.)

Niphal

(1) pass. of Kal No. 2, to be laid waste, desolated, Ezekiel 26:19, 30:7.

(2) recipr. to destroy one another, hence to fight, 2 Kings 3:23.

Pual pass. of No. 1, to be dried, Judges 16:7, Judges 16:8.

Hiphil

(1) to dry up [“as water”], Isaiah 50:2.

(2) to lay waste, towns, countries, Ezekiel 19:7; Judges 16:24 to destroy a people, 2 Kings 19:17.

Hophal pass. of Hiphil No. 2, Ezekiel 26:2, 29:12.

The derivative nouns all follow.

These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available BibleSupport.com
List of Word Forms
אַחֲרִ֣יב אַחֲרִ֤יב אחריב הֶֽחֱרִ֑יב הֶחֱרִ֑יב הֶחֱרִ֜יבוּ הֶחֱרַ֥בְתִּי הַמַּחֲרֶ֣בֶת הָחֳרֵ֤ב הָחֳרָֽבָה׃ החרב החרבה׃ החרבתי החריב החריבו המחרבת וְאַחְרִב֙ וְהַחֲרַבְתִּי֙ וְחָרְב֖וּ וְיֶחֱרַ֣ב וַֽיֶּחֱרָ֑ב וּמַחֲרִבַ֖יִךְ ואחרב והחרבתי וחרבו ויחרב ומחרביך חֲרֵבָ֔ה חֲרֹ֨ב חֳרָ֑בִי חִרְבוּ֙ חָֽרְב֖וּ חָֽרְב֥וּ חָרְב֥וּ חָרֹ֥ב חֹרָ֑בוּ חרב חרבה חרבו חרבי יֶחֱרַ֥ב יֶחֱרָ֑בוּ יֶחֱרָֽבוּ׃ יֶחֶרְב֨וּ יחרב יחרבו יחרבו׃ מַחֲרִ֣יב מָֽחֳרָבוֹת֙ מחרבות מחריב נֶֽחֶרְבוּ֙ נֶחֱרֶ֔בֶת נַחֲרָב֖וֹת נחרבו נחרבות נחרבת תֶּחֱרַ֔בְנָה תֶּחֱרַ֖ב תֶּחֱרָ֔ב תחרב תחרבנה ’a·ḥă·rîḇ ’aḥărîḇ achaRiv chareVah chareVu chaRo chirVu choRavi choRavu hā·ḥo·rā·ḇāh hā·ḥo·rêḇ ḥă·rê·ḇāh ḥā·rə·ḇū ḥă·rōḇ ḥā·rōḇ hāḥorāḇāh hāḥorêḇ ham·ma·ḥă·re·ḇeṯ hammachaRevet hammaḥăreḇeṯ ḥărêḇāh ḥārəḇū ḥărōḇ ḥārōḇ he·ḥĕ·raḇ·tî he·ḥĕ·rî·ḇū he·ḥĕ·rîḇ hecheRavti hecheRiv hecheRivu heḥĕraḇtî heḥĕrîḇ heḥĕrîḇū ḥir·ḇū ḥirḇū ḥo·rā·ḇî ḥō·rā·ḇū hochoRavah hochoRev ḥorāḇî ḥōrāḇū ma·ḥă·rîḇ mā·ḥo·rā·ḇō·wṯ machaRiv maḥărîḇ māḥorāḇōwṯ mochoraVot na·ḥă·rā·ḇō·wṯ nacharaVot naḥărāḇōwṯ ne·ḥĕ·re·ḇeṯ ne·ḥer·ḇū necheRevet necherVu neḥerḇū neḥĕreḇeṯ te·ḥĕ·raḇ te·ḥĕ·rāḇ te·ḥĕ·raḇ·nāh techeRav techeRavnah teḥĕraḇ teḥĕrāḇ teḥĕraḇnāh ū·ma·ḥă·ri·ḇa·yiḵ umachariVayich ūmaḥăriḇayiḵ vaiyecheRav veachRiv vechareVu vehacharavTi veyecheRav way·ye·ḥĕ·rāḇ wayyeḥĕrāḇ wə’aḥriḇ wə·’aḥ·riḇ wə·ha·ḥă·raḇ·tî wə·ḥā·rə·ḇū wə·ye·ḥĕ·raḇ wəhaḥăraḇtî wəḥārəḇū wəyeḥĕraḇ ye·ḥĕ·rā·ḇū ye·ḥĕ·raḇ ye·ḥer·ḇū yecheRav yecheRavu yecherVu yeḥĕraḇ yeḥĕrāḇū yeḥerḇū
Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, October 22nd, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
ADVERTISEMENT
Search for…
 or 
Choose a letter to browse:
Prev Entry
חֲרָאִים
Next Entry
חֲרַב
ADVERTISEMENT
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology