Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #2717 - חָרַב
1) to be waste, lay waste, make desolate, be desolate, be in ruins
1a) (Qal) to be waste, be desolate
1b1) to be made desolate
1b2) desolate (participle)
1c) (Hiphil) to lay waste, make desolate
1d) (Hophal) to be laid waste
2) to be dry, be dried up
2a) (Qal) to be dried, be dried up
2b) (Pual) to be dried
2c) (Hiphil) to dry up
2d) (Hophal) to be dried up
3) to attack, smite down, slay, fight
V) brh (ההרב HhRB) - Waste: A dry wasteland. Also a place that has been laid waste and made desolate. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (41): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hophal, Pual, Participle) waste, dry, desolate, slay, decay, destroy - Strongs: H2717 (חָרַב), H2718 (חֲרַב)
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
חָרַב whence imp. חֲרֹב, and חָרֵב future יֶחֱרִב
(1) to be dried up, spoken of water, rivers, earth. Genesis 8:13; Job 14:11 Isai. 19:6 Psalms 106:9. It differs [“as merely denoting the absence of water”] from יָבֵשׁ to be dry, to become dried, see Genesis 8:13, compare 14 also Isaiah 19:5, where there is a gradation, וְנָהָר יֶחֱרַב וְיָבֵשׁ. Compare Reimarus, De Differentia Vocc. Hebr. p. 64. (From the same stock is Gr. κάρφω to become dry, κράμβος dry.)
(2) to be desolate, to be laid waste, spoken of countries or cities, (dry places being desert, devoid of water, Isai. 42:15 48:21 ); Isai. 34:10 Jeremiah 26:9 of sanctuaries, Amos 7:9 also to be destroyed, wasted, spoken of a people, Isaiah 60:12 and trans. to lay waste, to destroy, Jeremiah 50:21. (Imp. חֲרֹב.)
(3) to be amazed, astonished, Jeremiah 2:12 compare the synonymous words שָׁמַם and שָׁעַר.
(Arab. خَرِبَ to be laid waste, Conj. II. to lay waste, to destroy; cognate to which is حَرَبَ I. II. IV. to wage war.)
(1) pass. of Kal No. 2, to be laid waste, desolated, Ezekiel 26:19, 30:7.
(2) recipr. to destroy one another, hence to fight, 2 Kings 3:23.
Pual pass. of No. 1, to be dried, Judges 16:7, Judges 16:8.
(1) to dry up [“as water”], Isaiah 50:2.
(2) to lay waste, towns, countries, Ezekiel 19:7; Judges 16:24 to destroy a people, 2 Kings 19:17.
Hophal pass. of Hiphil No. 2, Ezekiel 26:2, 29:12.
The derivative nouns all follow.
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