Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #2717 - חָרַב

Transliteration
chârab, chârêb
Phonetics
khaw-rab', khaw-rabe'
Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
731,732
Definition
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) to be waste, lay waste, make desolate, be desolate, be in ruins

1a) (Qal) to be waste, be desolate

1b) (Niphal)

1b1) to be made desolate

1b2) desolate (participle)

1c) (Hiphil) to lay waste, make desolate

1d) (Hophal) to be laid waste

2) to be dry, be dried up

2a) (Qal) to be dried, be dried up

2b) (Pual) to be dried

2c) (Hiphil) to dry up

2d) (Hophal) to be dried up

3) to attack, smite down, slay, fight

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1842 ‑ ἐξολεθρεύω (ex‑ol‑oth‑ryoo'‑o);  1587 ‑ ἐκλείπω (ek‑li'‑po);  2047 ‑ ἐρημία (er‑ay‑mee'‑ah);  2048 ‑ ἔρημος (er'‑ay‑mos);  3583 ‑ ξηραίνω (xay‑rah'ee‑no);  2049 ‑ ἐρημόω (er‑ay‑mo'‑o);  3164 ‑ μάχομαι (makh'‑om‑ahee);  1311 ‑ διαφθείρω (dee‑af‑thi'‑ro);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
KJV (40)
Genesis
2
Judges
3
2 Kings
4
Job
1
Psalms
1
Isaiah
12
Jeremiah
5
Ezekiel
8
Hosea
1
Amos
1
Nahum
1
Zephaniah
1
HCS ( 0 )
HCS (39)
Genesis
2
Judges
3
2 Kings
3
Job
1
Psalms
1
Isaiah
12
Jeremiah
5
Ezekiel
8
Hosea
1
Amos
1
Nahum
1
Zephaniah
1
BSB (44)
Genesis
4
Judges
3
2 Kings
4
Nehemiah
2
Job
1
Psalms
1
Isaiah
12
Jeremiah
5
Ezekiel
8
Hosea
1
Amos
1
Nahum
1
Zephaniah
1
ESV (39)
Genesis
2
Judges
3
2 Kings
4
Job
1
Isaiah
12
Jeremiah
5
Ezekiel
8
Hosea
1
Amos
1
Nahum
1
Zephaniah
1
WEB (41)
Genesis
2
Judges
3
2 Kings
5
Job
1
Psalms
1
Isaiah
12
Jeremiah
5
Ezekiel
8
Hosea
1
Amos
1
Nahum
1
Zephaniah
1
Verse Results
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2199) brh (ההרב HhRB) AC: Waste CO: Sword AB: ?: [from: rh- heat]

V) brh (ההרב HhRB) - Waste: A dry wasteland. Also a place that has been laid waste and made desolate. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (41): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hophal, Pual, Participle) waste, dry, desolate, slay, decay, destroy - Strongs: H2717 (חָרַב), H2718 (חֲרַב)

Nf) brh (ההרב HhRB) - I. Sword:A weapon used to lay waste a city. II. Waste:A dry or desolate place. KJV (423): sword, knife, dagger, axe, mattock - Strongs: H2719 (חֶרֶב), H2720 (חָרֵב)

Nf1) ebrh (ההרבה HhRBH) - Waste: KJV (50): waste, desolate, desert, decayed, dry land, dry ground - Strongs: H2723 (חָרְבָּה), H2724 (חָרָבָה)

gm) brfh (ההורב HhWRB) - I. Heat: II. Waste: KJV (16): heat, dry, drought, waste, desolation - Strongs: H2721 (חֹרֶב)

jm) nfbrh (ההרבונ HhRBWN) - Drought: KJV (1): drought - Strongs: H2725 (חֲרָבוֹן)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2021
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

חָרַב whence imp. חֲרֹב, and חָרֵב future יֶחֱרִב

(1)  to be dried up, spoken of water, rivers, earth. Genesis 8:13; Job 14:11 Isai. 19:6 Psalms 106:9. It differs [“as merely denoting the absence of water”] from יָבֵשׁ to be dry, to become dried, see Genesis 8:13, compare 14 also Isaiah 19:5, where there is a gradation, וְנָהָר יֶחֱרַב וְיָבֵשׁ. Compare Reimarus, De Differentia Vocc. Hebr. p. 64. (From the same stock is Gr. κάρφω to become dry, κράμβος dry.)

(2) to be desolate, to be laid waste, spoken of countries or cities, (dry places being desert, devoid of water, Isai. 42:15 48:21 ); Isai. 34:10 Jeremiah 26:9 of sanctuaries, Amos 7:9 also to be destroyed, wasted, spoken of a people, Isaiah 60:12 and trans. to lay waste, to destroy, Jeremiah 50:21. (Imp. חֲרֹב.)

(3) to be amazed, astonished, Jeremiah 2:12 compare the synonymous words שָׁמַם and שָׁעַר.

(Arab. خَرِبَ to be laid waste, Conj. II. to lay waste, to destroy; cognate to which is حَرَبَ I. II. IV. to wage war.)

Niphal

(1) pass. of Kal No. 2, to be laid waste, desolated, Ezekiel 26:19, 30:7.

(2) recipr. to destroy one another, hence to fight, 2 Kings 3:23.

Pual pass. of No. 1, to be dried, Judges 16:7, Judges 16:8.

Hiphil

(1) to dry up [“as water”], Isaiah 50:2.

(2) to lay waste, towns, countries, Ezekiel 19:7; Judges 16:24 to destroy a people, 2 Kings 19:17.

Hophal pass. of Hiphil No. 2, Ezekiel 26:2, 29:12.

The derivative nouns all follow.

These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available BibleSupport.com
List of Word Forms
אַחֲרִ֣יב אַחֲרִ֤יב אחריב הֶֽחֱרִ֑יב הֶחֱרִ֑יב הֶחֱרִ֜יבוּ הֶחֱרַ֥בְתִּי הַמַּחֲרֶ֣בֶת הָחֳרֵ֤ב הָחֳרָֽבָה׃ החרב החרבה׃ החרבתי החריב החריבו המחרבת וְאַחְרִב֙ וְהַחֲרַבְתִּי֙ וְחָרְב֖וּ וְיֶחֱרַ֣ב וַֽיֶּחֱרָ֑ב וּמַחֲרִבַ֖יִךְ ואחרב והחרבתי וחרבו ויחרב ומחרביך חֲרֵבָ֔ה חֲרֹ֨ב חֳרָ֑בִי חִרְבוּ֙ חָֽרְב֖וּ חָֽרְב֥וּ חָרְב֥וּ חָרֹ֥ב חֹרָ֑בוּ חרב חרבה חרבו חרבי יֶחֱרַ֥ב יֶחֱרָ֑בוּ יֶחֱרָֽבוּ׃ יֶחֶרְב֨וּ יחרב יחרבו יחרבו׃ מַחֲרִ֣יב מָֽחֳרָבוֹת֙ מחרבות מחריב נֶֽחֶרְבוּ֙ נֶחֱרֶ֔בֶת נַחֲרָב֖וֹת נחרבו נחרבות נחרבת תֶּחֱרַ֔בְנָה תֶּחֱרַ֖ב תֶּחֱרָ֔ב תחרב תחרבנה ’a·ḥă·rîḇ ’aḥărîḇ achaRiv chareVah chareVu chaRo chirVu choRavi choRavu hā·ḥo·rā·ḇāh hā·ḥo·rêḇ ḥă·rê·ḇāh ḥā·rə·ḇū ḥă·rōḇ ḥā·rōḇ hāḥorāḇāh hāḥorêḇ ham·ma·ḥă·re·ḇeṯ hammachaRevet hammaḥăreḇeṯ ḥărêḇāh ḥārəḇū ḥărōḇ ḥārōḇ he·ḥĕ·raḇ·tî he·ḥĕ·rî·ḇū he·ḥĕ·rîḇ hecheRavti hecheRiv hecheRivu heḥĕraḇtî heḥĕrîḇ heḥĕrîḇū ḥir·ḇū ḥirḇū ḥo·rā·ḇî ḥō·rā·ḇū hochoRavah hochoRev ḥorāḇî ḥōrāḇū ma·ḥă·rîḇ mā·ḥo·rā·ḇō·wṯ machaRiv maḥărîḇ māḥorāḇōwṯ mochoraVot na·ḥă·rā·ḇō·wṯ nacharaVot naḥărāḇōwṯ ne·ḥĕ·re·ḇeṯ ne·ḥer·ḇū necheRevet necherVu neḥerḇū neḥĕreḇeṯ te·ḥĕ·raḇ te·ḥĕ·rāḇ te·ḥĕ·raḇ·nāh techeRav techeRavnah teḥĕraḇ teḥĕrāḇ teḥĕraḇnāh ū·ma·ḥă·ri·ḇa·yiḵ umachariVayich ūmaḥăriḇayiḵ vaiyecheRav veachRiv vechareVu vehacharavTi veyecheRav way·ye·ḥĕ·rāḇ wayyeḥĕrāḇ wə’aḥriḇ wə·’aḥ·riḇ wə·ha·ḥă·raḇ·tî wə·ḥā·rə·ḇū wə·ye·ḥĕ·raḇ wəhaḥăraḇtî wəḥārəḇū wəyeḥĕraḇ ye·ḥĕ·rā·ḇū ye·ḥĕ·raḇ ye·ḥer·ḇū yecheRav yecheRavu yecherVu yeḥĕraḇ yeḥĕrāḇū yeḥerḇū
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
Search for…
 or 
Choose a letter to browse:
Next Entry
חֲרַב