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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #4714 - מִצְרַיִם

Transliteration
mitsrayim
Phonetics
mits-rah'-yim  
Word Origin
dual of (04693)
Parts of Speech
N/A
TWOT
1235
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

Egyptians = “double straits”

1) a country at the northeastern section of Africa, adjacent to Palestine, and through which the Nile flows (noun proper locative)

2) the inhabitants or natives of Egypt (adjective)

Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (681) NAS (682) HCS (679)
Genesis 80
Exodus 148
Leviticus 11
Numbers 31
Deuteronomy 47
Joshua 16
Judges 9
1 Samuel 11
2 Samuel 2
1 Kings 21
2 Kings 11
1 Chronicles 4
2 Chronicles 17
Nehemiah 2
Psalms 15
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 40
Jeremiah 54
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 48
Daniel 4
Hosea 13
Joel 1
Amos 7
Micah 2
Nahum 1
Haggai 1
Zechariah 4
Genesis 80
Exodus 148
Leviticus 11
Numbers 31
Deuteronomy 47
Joshua 16
Judges 9
1 Samuel 11
2 Samuel 2
1 Kings 21
2 Kings 11
1 Chronicles 4
2 Chronicles 17
Nehemiah 3
Psalms 15
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 40
Jeremiah 54
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 48
Daniel 4
Hosea 13
Joel 1
Amos 7
Micah 2
Nahum 1
Haggai 1
Zechariah 4
Genesis 88
Exodus 174
Leviticus 11
Numbers 33
Deuteronomy 50
Joshua 18
Judges 9
1 Samuel 13
2 Samuel 2
1 Kings 25
2 Kings 15
1 Chronicles 4
2 Chronicles 19
Nehemiah 2
Psalms 15
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 51
Jeremiah 62
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 53
Daniel 4
Hosea 13
Joel 1
Amos 7
Micah 2
Nahum 1
Haggai 1
Zechariah 4
BYZ TIS TR
n-p 654
n-p 604
n-p 604
NA WH


Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 מִצְרַ֫יִם681 proper name, of a territory and people, feminine Exodus 10:7, masculine Exodus 12:33,

masculine plural Genesis 41:55 etc. (see below

2), Egypt, Egyptians (Phoenician מצרם; Assyrian Mªƒªr(u), Muƒ Ruth , Miƒir, Dl Par 308 Schr COT Glossary KGF 246 ff., Tel Amarna Miƒrî, Wkl TA 39 * Bez BM 152, and Mašrî Wkl l.c.; Arabic Cairo, Egypt (Spiro): Minean Miƒru Hom A and A. (1892), 125; see EbÄgM 71ff.; ᵐ5 Αιγυπτος; — derivatives and form dubious; יִַ֯ם usually regarded as dual term. (Upper and Lower Egypt? compare Di Genesis 10:6), but as locative ending EMey Geschichte. I, § 42 Ba NB p. 319 R. 5; Jen ZA iv (1889), 268 ff. thinks מִצְרַיִם absolute formed by analogy of מַיִם, שָׁמַיִם from Miƒrî (compare Tel Amarna); see further Wkl infra, near the end); — ׳מ Genesis 13:1 +; מִצְרָ֑יִם Genesis 37:36 +; מִצְרַיְמָה Genesis 12:10 12t., מִצְרָ֑יְמָה Genesis 12:11 14t.; —

1. a. of land, Egypt Genesis 13:1 500t., +, in all periods, including ׳אֶרֶץ מ Genesis 13:10 + approximately 220t. (of course feminine, Genesis 47:6,13); ׳אַדְמַת מ the soil of Egypt Genesis 47:20,26; ׳מֵימֵי מ Exodus 7:19; Exodus 8:2; ׳נְהַר מ Genesis 15:18; ׳יְאֹר מ Amos 8:8; Amos 9:5; ׳יְאֹרֵי מ Isaiah 7:18 (compare מָצוֺר); ׳שִׁיחוֺר מ 1 Chronicles 13:5; לְשׁוֺן׳יָםמֿ Isaiah 11:15; ׳נַחַל מ Joshua 15:4 6t. (see these various words); land as productive Genesis 45:20; Genesis 49:23, compare ׳שֵׁשׁ בְּרִקְמָה מִמּ Ezekiel 27:7, ׳אֵטוּן מ Proverbs 7:16; often "" בּוּשׁ, especially in prophets and poetry Isaiah 20:3,4,5; Isaiah 45:14; Ezekiel 30:4,9 +; "" אַשּׁוּר Hosea 11:11; Hosea 12:1; Isaiah 7:18; Jeremiah 2:18 +; including Upper Egypt (מַּתְרוֺם), as well as Lower, Jeremiah 44:1, compare Ezekiel 29:10; Ezekiel 30:6; apparently distinguished from Upper Egypt Isaiah 11:11, and possibly also Jeremiah 44:15 (compare Gf Gie Buhl SS Che Hpt Isaiah); but פתרוס etc. in these verses somewhat dubious (compare B. Du Gie).

b. combinations are:-1׳מ as limit of motion: יָדַד מצרימ(הׅ 2. of people:

a. in table of nations, personified as second son of Ham Genesis 10:6 = 1 Chronicles 1:8, compare Genesis 10:13 = 1 Chronicles 1:11.

b. = Egypt (as a people), Egyptians Genesis 41:56 + approximately 134t., including use = Egyptian Kingdom, empire, i.e. land and people as political power; so with verb feminine singular ׳אָֽבְדָה מ Exodus 10:7, compare Hosea 9:6; Joel 4:19 and (pronoun feminine singular) Ezekiel 30:18; with verb masculine singular Exodus 12:33; Exodus 14:25; Isaiah 19:16,23,25; Jeremiah 46:8; often with verb masculine plural Genesis 41:55; Isaiah 19:21,23 22t.; ׳בִּנֵי מ Ezekiel 16:26; ׳בְּתוּלַת בַּת מ Jeremiah 46:11, compare Jeremiah 46:19; Jeremiah 46:24. — In 1 Kings 10:28 2 Chronicles 1:16,17; 2 Kings 7:6 Wkl Alttest. Unters. 171f. thinks of Assyrian Muƒri in North Syria. (On מִצְרַיִם as often = Muƒri in North Arabia see Wkl Altor. Unters. i. 24ff., ii. 195, iii. 289; iv. 337 f; MVG 1898,1.4).

Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

מִצְרַיִם pr.n. dual, Egypt, Genesis 46:34, 50:11 often more fully, אֶרֶץ מִצְרַיִם the land of Egypt, fem., Genesis 45:20, 47:6, 13 Genesis 47:13 also the Egyptians; commonly in prose writers with a pl. (Genesis 45:2, 47:15, 20 Genesis 47:20, 50:3 Exodus 1:14), rarely with a sing. masc., 14:25, 31 Exodus 14:31 poet. with sing. masc., Isaiah 19:16, 25 Isaiah 19:25; Jeremiah 46:8 and f., Hosea 9:6. Singular מָצוֹר (which see), lower Egypt; both this and the upper, (called by its particular name פַּתָרוֹס), seem to have been denoted by zeugma, by the dual מִצְרַיִם; like the two Sicilies used for Sicily and Naples; although this origin being afterwards neglected, the dual מִצְרַיִם is also found when it does not include Pathros (Isaiah 11:11; Jeremiah 44:15). Others refer the dual form to the land being divided in two by the Nile. [But this country had its name from Mizraim a son of Ham.] (In Arab. there is the sing. مِصْرُ Egypt, pr. boundary; in Syriac, however, there is the dual, although of very rare occurrence in that language ܡܶܨܪܝܶܢ). The Gent. noun is מִצְרִי Genesis 39:1 f. ־ִית 16:1 plur. m. מִצְרִים Genesis 12:12, 14 Genesis 12:14 f. ־ִיּוֹת Exodus 1:19.

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List of Word Forms
בְּ֭מִצְרַיִם בְּמִצְרַ֔יִם בְּמִצְרַ֖יִם בְּמִצְרַ֗יִם בְּמִצְרַ֛יִם בְּמִצְרָ֑יִם בְּמִצְרָֽיִם׃ בְמִצְרַ֔יִם בְמִצְרַ֖יִם בְמִצְרַ֙יִם֙ בְמִצְרַ֨יִם ׀ בְמִצְרָֽיִם׃ במצרים במצרים׃ וּבְמִצְרַ֔יִם וּלְמִצְרַ֔יִם וּמִמִּצְרַ֖יִם וּמִמִּצְרַ֜יִם וּמִצְרַ֕יִם וּמִצְרַ֖יִם וּמִצְרַ֡יִם וּמִצְרַ֣יִם וּמִצְרַ֤יִם ובמצרים ולמצרים וממצרים ומצרים לְמִצְרַ֔יִם לְמִצְרַ֖יִם לְמִצְרַ֗יִם לְמִצְרַ֙יִם֙ לְמִצְרַ֥יִם לְמִצְרָ֑יִם למצרים מִ֭צְרַיִם מִמִּצְרַ֔יִם מִמִּצְרַ֖יִם מִמִּצְרַ֗יִם מִמִּצְרַ֙יִם֙ מִמִּצְרַ֛יִם מִמִּצְרַ֜יִם מִמִּצְרַ֣יִם מִמִּצְרַ֤יִם מִמִּצְרַ֨יִם מִמִּצְרַיִם֒ מִמִּצְרַיִם֮ מִמִּצְרָ֑יִם מִמִּצְרָֽיִם׃ מִצְרַ֔֗יִם מִצְרַ֔יְמָה מִצְרַ֔יִם מִצְרַ֖יְמָה מִצְרַ֖יִם מִצְרַ֗יִם מִצְרַ֙יְמָה֙ מִצְרַ֙יִם֙ מִצְרַ֛יִם מִצְרַ֜יִם מִצְרַ֣יִם מִצְרַ֤יִם מִצְרַ֥יִם מִצְרַ֧יִם מִצְרַ֨יִם מִצְרַיִם֒ מִצְרַיִם֩ מִצְרַיִם֮ מִצְרָ֑יְמָה מִצְרָ֑יִם מִצְרָֽיְמָה׃ מִצְרָֽיִם׃ ממצרים ממצרים׃ מצרים מצרים׃ מצרימה מצרימה׃ bə·miṣ·ra·yim bə·miṣ·rā·yim ḇə·miṣ·ra·yim ḇə·miṣ·rā·yim bəmiṣrayim bəmiṣrāyim ḇəmiṣrayim ḇəmiṣrāyim bemitzRayim lə·miṣ·ra·yim lə·miṣ·rā·yim ləmiṣrayim ləmiṣrāyim lemitzRayim mim·miṣ·ra·yim mim·miṣ·rā·yim mimitzRayim mimmiṣrayim mimmiṣrāyim miṣ·rā·yə·māh miṣ·ra·yim miṣ·rā·yim miṣ·ray·māh miṣrāyəmāh miṣrayim miṣrāyim miṣraymāh mitzRayemah mitzRayim mitzRaymah ū·ḇə·miṣ·ra·yim ū·lə·miṣ·ra·yim ū·mim·miṣ·ra·yim ū·miṣ·ra·yim ūḇəmiṣrayim ūləmiṣrayim ulemitzRayim umimitzRayim ūmimmiṣrayim ūmiṣrayim umitzRayim uvemitzRayim vemitzRayim
Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, October 13th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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