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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #5613 - סָפַר

Word Origin
from the same as (05609)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) scribe, secretary

Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (6) NAS (61) HCS (6)
Ezra 6
Judges 1
2 Samuel 2
1 Kings 1
2 Kings 10
1 Chronicles 4
2 Chronicles 6
Ezra 8
Nehemiah 7
Esther 2
Psalms 2
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 11
Ezekiel 2
Ezra 6

Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2500) rpx (ספר SPR) AC: Record CO: Scroll AB: ?: A recording of a story or numbers. [from: px- from the speaking of a record] (eng: sapphire)

V) rpx (ספר SPR) - Record: KJV (161): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Pual, Piel) scribe, tell, declare, number, count, show, writer, speak, account, commune, reckon, talk - Strongs: H5608 (סָפַר)

Nm) rpx (ספר SPR) - I. Scroll:A document or record written on a sheet of skin or papyrus and rolled up. [Hebrew and Aramaic] II. Census:A record of numbers. III. Scribe:One who records. [Aramaic only] KJV (12): book, roll, letter, evidence, bill, learning, register, scribe - Strongs: H5609 (סְפַר), H5610 (סְפָר), H5612 (סִפְרָה), H5613 (סָפַר)

bm) ripx (ספיר SPYR) - Sapphire: [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (11): sapphire - Strongs: H5601 (סַפִּיר)

cf1) erfpx (ספורה SPWRH) - Number: A counting as a recording. KJV (1): number - Strongs: H5615 (סְפֹרָה)

ef1) erpix (סיפרה SYPRH) - Scroll: A document or record. KJV (184): book - Strongs: H5612 (סִפְרָה)

hm) rpxm (מספר MSPR) - Number: A counting as a recording. KJV (134): number - Strongs: H4557 (מִסְפָּר)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2020
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [סָפֵר] noun masculine secretary, scribe (ᵑ7 Syriac; Biblical Hebrew סֹפֵר); — emphatic סָֽפְרָא the secretary, Persian official, Ezra 4:8,9,17,23; construct סָפַר the scribe Ezra 7:12,21, of Ezra as learned in God's law.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

סָפַר fut. יִסְפֹּר.

(1) prop. i.q. Arab. شفر to scratch, to scrape (kindred to צָפַר No. II, ظفر); hence to polish (compare סַפִּיר, and the cogn. verb שָׁפַר).

(2) specially to inscribe letters on a stone; hence to write. Part. סֹפֵר a scribe, Psalms 45:2; Ezra 9:2, Ezra 9:3 specially

(a) the king’s scribe, i.e. the friend of the king, whose office it was to write his letters, 2 Samuel 8:17, 20:25 2 Kings 12:11, 19:2 22:3, seq.

(b) a military scribe, who has the charge of keeping the muster rolls, Jeremiah 37:15, 52:25 2 Kings 25:19 compare 2 Chronicles 26:11; Isaiah 33:18 gener. used of a general, Judges 5:14.

(c) in the later books, a person skilled in the sacred writings, γραμματεύς, 1 Chronicles 27:32; Ezra 7:6, a name by which Ezra is called; Nehemiah 8:1, seq.; 12:26, 36 Nehemiah 12:36; Ezra 7:11.

(3) to number, Genesis 15:5; Leviticus 15:13, 28 Leviticus 15:28.

Niphal, pass. of Kal No. 3, to be numbered, Genesis 16:10, 32:13.


(1) i.q. Kal No. 3, to number, Job 38:37; Psalms 40:6.

(2) to narrate, to recount (prop. to enumerate, compare Germ. zählen, erzählen), Genesis 24:66, 40:8 Job 28:27 followed by אֶל concerning any thing, Psalms 2:7, 69:27 especially to tell with praise, to celebrate, Psalms 19:2, 40:6 78:6.

(3) simpl. to speak, to utter words, Psalms 73:15; Isaiah 43:26.

Pual, סֻפַּר pass. of Piel No. 2, to be narrated, Psalms 22:31; Job 37:20.

Derivatives, סְפוֹרָה, סַפִּיר [מִסְפָּר], and the four following nouns

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List of Word Forms
סָֽפְרָ֔א סָפְרָ֖א סָפַ֤ר סָפַ֨ר ספר ספרא sā·p̄ar sā·p̄ə·rā saFar safeRa sāp̄ar sāp̄ərā
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