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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #693 - אָרַב

Transliteration
'ârab
Phonetics
aw-rab'  
Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
156
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to lie in wait, ambush, lurk

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to lie in wait

1a2) ambush (participle as subst)

1b) (Piel) ambushers, liers-in-wait (plural participle)

1c) (Hiphil) to lay an ambush

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1748 ‑ ἐνεδρεύω (en‑ed‑ryoo'‑o);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (42) NAS (41) HCS (41)
Deuteronomy 1
Joshua 7
Judges 13
1 Samuel 3
2 Chronicles 1
Ezra 1
Job 1
Psalms 2
Proverbs 6
Jeremiah 1
Lamentations 2
Hosea 1
Micah 1
Deuteronomy 1
Joshua 7
Judges 13
1 Samuel 3
2 Chronicles 1
Ezra 1
Job 1
Psalms 2
Proverbs 6
Jeremiah 1
Lamentations 2
Micah 1
Deuteronomy 1
Joshua 7
Judges 14
1 Samuel 3
2 Chronicles 1
Ezra 1
Job 1
Psalms 3
Proverbs 6
Jeremiah 1
Lamentations 2
Micah 1
BYZ TIS TR
v-pPmp 2
v-qPmp 3
v-qPms 17
v-qc 1
v-qi1cp 1
v-qi3fs 2
v-qi3mp 2
v-qi3ms 1
v-qp1cs 1
v-qp2mp 1
v-qp3cp 2
v-qp3ms 1
v-qvms 1
v-qw3mp 2
v-qw3ms 1
v-pPmp 2
v-qPmp 3
v-qPms 16
v-qc 1
v-qi1cp 1
v-qi2ms 1
v-qi3fs 2
v-qi3mp 2
v-qi3ms 2
v-qp1cs 1
v-qp2mp 1
v-qp3cp 2
v-qp3ms 1
v-qvms 1
v-qw3mp 2
v-qw3ms 1
v-pPmp 2
v-qPmp 3
v-qPms 16
v-qc 1
v-qi1cp 1
v-qi2ms 1
v-qi3fs 2
v-qi3mp 2
v-qi3ms 2
v-qp1cs 1
v-qp2mp 1
v-qp3cp 2
v-qp3ms 1
v-qvms 1
v-qw3mp 2
v-qw3ms 1
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1439) br (רב RB) AC: Rule CO: Master AB: Increase: The pictograph r is a picture of a head, the b is a picture of the tent representing the family. Combined these mean "head of the family". Each family has a master that rules all cases, trials, conflicts and contests. This person was the representative for the whole tribe, one abundant in authority and wisdom. (see Exodus 18:25) .

A) br (רב RB) AC: ? CO: Master AB: ?: An abundance of number, strength or authority.

Nm) br (רב RB) - I. Master:One who is abundant in authority. II. Abundant:An abundance of numbers (many) or strength (great) . From the idea of greatness in authority. [Hebrew and Aramaic] III. Archer:[Unknown connection to root;] KJV (475): many, great, much, captain, more, long, enough, multitude, mighty, greater, greatly, archer - Strongs: H7227 (רַב), H7228 (רַב), H7229 (רַב)

af4) tibrm (מרבית MRBYT) - Abundance: KJV (5): increase, greatest, multitude - Strongs: H4768 (מַרְבִּית)

hf1) ebrm (מרבה MRBH) - Much: As an increase. KJV (1): much - Strongs: H4767 (מִרְבָּה)

if3 ) tfbrt (תרבות TRBWT) - Abundance: KJV (1): increase - Strongs: H8635 (תַּרְבּוּת)

if4 ) tibrt (תרבית TRBYT) - Increase: From usury. KJV (6): increase, gain - Strongs: H8636 (תַּרְבִּית)

lm) brbr (רברב RBRB) - Abundant: [Aramaic only] KJV (8): great - Strongs: H7260 (רַבְרַב)

rf) fbr (רבו RBW) - Majesty: [Aramaic only] KJV (5): majesty, greatness - Strongs: H7238 (רְבוּ)

eqf) fbir (ריבו RYBW) - Myriad: A number of great abundance. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (13): thousand, ten thousand - Strongs: H7239 (רִבּוֹא), H7240 (רִבּוֹ)

lmm) nbrbr (רברבנ RBRBN) - Lord: One abundant in authority. KJV (8): lord, prince - Strongs: H7261 (רַבְרְבָנִין)

B) bbr (רבב RBB) AC: ? CO: Abundant AB: ?: An abundance of number, strength or authority.

V) bbr (רבב RBB) - I. Increase:To grow in number. II. Shoot:The shooting of arrows from an archer. [Unknown connection to root] KJV (19): (vf: Paal, Pual) many, multiply, increase, more, manifold, thousand, shoot - Strongs: H7231 (רָבַב), H7232 (רָבַב)

Nf1) ebbr (רבבה RBBH) - Myriad: A great abundance in numbers. KJV (16): ten thousand, million, many, multiply - Strongs: H7233 (רְבָבָה)

bm) bibr (רביב RBYB) - Showers: [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (6): shower - Strongs: H7241 (רְבִיבִים)

C) bra (ארב ARB) AC: Ambush CO: ? AB: ?: [Unknown connection to root;]

V) bra (ארב ARB) - Ambush: To lay in wait to ambush. KJV (42): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Piel) lay, ambush - Strongs: H693 (אָרַב)

Nm) bra (ארב ARB) - Den: An animals abode for laying down. KJV (2): lie, den - Strongs: H695 (אֶרֶב)

Nf1) ebra (ארבה ARBH) - Struggle: A wresting around as an ambush. KJV (1): spoils - Strongs: H698 (אָרְבָּה)

am) bram (מארב MARB) - Ambush: A place for an ambush. KJV (5): ambushment, wait, lurking - Strongs: H3993 (מַאֲרָב)

df1) ebfra (ארובה ARWBH) - Window: A place for an ambush. [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (9): window, chimney - Strongs: H699 (אֲרֻבָּה)

gm) brfa (אורב AWRB) - Ambush: KJV (1): wait - Strongs: H696 (אֹרֶב)

G) ber (רהב RHB) AC: Encourage CO: ? AB: Pride: An abundance of assurance.

V) ber (רהב RHB) - Encourage: KJV (4): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) sure, proudly, overcome, strengthen - Strongs: H7292 (רָהַב)

Nm) ber (רהב RHB) - Proud: KJV (1): proud - Strongs: H7295 (רָהָב)

gm) befr (רוהב RWHB) - Proud: KJV (1): strength - Strongs: H7296 (רֹהַב)

H) ebr (רבה RBH) AC: ? CO: Abundant AB: ?: An abundance of number, strength or authority.

V) ebr (רבה RBH) - Increase: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (232): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Piel) multiply, increase, much, more, long, store, exceedingly, abundance, grow, great - Strongs: H7235 (רָבָה), H7236 (רְבָה)

am) ebrm (מרבה MRBH) - Increase: KJV (2): increase, great - Strongs: H4766 (מַרְבֶּה)

nm) ebra (ארבה ARBH) - Locust: An abundant swarm. KJV (24): locust, grasshopper - Strongs: H697 (אַרְבֶּה)

J) bfr (רוב RWB) AC: ? CO: Abundance AB: ?: An abundance of number, strength or authority.

Nm) bfr (רוב RWB) - Abundance: An abundance of numbers (many) or strength (great) . KJV (155): multitude, abundance, great, greatness, much, abundantly, plenty, many, long, excellent - Strongs: H7230 (רֹב)

L) bri (ירב YRB) AC: Strive CO: ? AB: Strife: The responsibility of the master is to strive for survival and protection of the house.

bm) biri (יריב YRYB) - Strive: KJV (3): strive, contend - Strongs: H3401 (יָרִיב)

M) bir (ריב RYB) AC: Strive CO: ? AB: Strife: The responsibility of the master is to strive for survival and protection of the house.

V) bir (ריב RYB) - Strive: [df: bwr] KJV (67): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) plead, strive, contend, chide, debate - Strongs: H7378 (רוּב)

Nm ) bir (ריב RYB) - Strife: KJV (62): cause, strife, controversy, contention - Strongs: H7379 (רִב)

kf1) ebirm (מריבה MRYBH) - Strife: KJV (7): strife, provocation - Strongs: H4808 (מְרִיבָה)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2019
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 אָרַב verb lie in wait (Arabic be crafty) —

Qal Perfect וְאָרַב consecutive Deuteronomy 19:11; Judges 21:20; אָרָֽבְתִּי׃ Job 31:9; אָֽרְבוּ Psalm 59:4; Lamentations 4:19; Imperfect יֶאֱרֹב Psalm 10:9 (twice in verse); יֶאֱרֹ֑בוּ Proverbs 1:18; Micah 7:2; וָיֶּ˜ אֶרְבוּ Judges 9:34; Judges 16:2; נֶָֽאֶרְבָה Proverbs 1:11; Imperative אֱרֹב Judges 9:32; Infinitive אֱרָבֿ Proverbs 12:6; Participle אֹרֵב Joshua 8:2 11t.; אוֺרֵב Joshua 8:12 4t.; אֹרְבִים Joshua 8:4 2 t; — lie in wait (with hostile purpose), absolute Judges 9:32,43 + Judges 21:20; Job 31:9; Psalm 10:9; Proverbs 7:12; Proverbs 23:28; 1 Samuel 22:8,13; Lamentations 3:10 (of bear, compare Psalm 10:9); with infinitive of purpose Psalm 10:9; with accusative דָּם׳א Proverbs 12:6; with עַל, and person against whom Deuteronomy 19:11; Judges 9:34; usually with ל Micah 7:2; Judges 16:2; Psalm 59:4; Proverbs 1:11,18; Proverbs 24:15; Lamentations 4:19 compare Joshua 8:2,4,14; Participle as substantive = liers-in-wait (plural) Judges 20:29; usually singular collective ambush Joshua 8:2,12,14,19,21; Judges 16:9,12; Judges 20:33,36,37 (twice in verse); Judges 20:38; Ezra 8:31; plural of this singular = ambuscades Jeremiah 51:12; singular = place of lying-in-wait, ambush (local sense) Joshua 8:7.

Pi`el Participle plural liers-in-wait id quod

Qal Participle מְאָֽרְבִים Judges 9:25 (with ל), 2 Chronicles 20:22 (with עַל). ?

Hiph`il Imperfect זַיָּרֶבבנחל (for וַיַּאֲרֶב) 1 Samuel 15:5 (compare Dr Kö i. 390; Ges-Kau§ 68. 2queries) but text dubious; compare Ol§ 237b, & Klo, who proposes ויעבר בנחל.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

אָרַב fut. יֶאֱרֹב

(1). to knot, to weave, to intertwine, whence אֲרֻבָּה a net, net-work. (Kindred is עָרַב to mingle. Arab. أَرَبَ to tie a knot, II. id., أَرْبَةُ a knot.)

(2) to lie in wait. (Arab. أَرِبَ to be cunning, astute, III. to act cunningly (prop. intricately). Verbs of intertwining, weaving, also of twisting, spinning, are often applied to craftiness and snares, and are opposed to upright and open course of acting. Comp. עָמַר, פָּתַל, Gr. δόλον, μῆτιν ὑφαίνειν, κακά, δόλον ῥάπτειν, nectere insidias, scelera, suere dolos, Germ. Trug fpinnen, anzetteln.) Constr. followed by לְ, Psalms 59:4; Proverbs 24:15; Joshua 8:4 followed by an acc., Proverbs 12:6 עַל Judges 9:34. Elsewhere put absolutely, for to watch in ambush, Judges 9:34, 21:20 followed by a gerund, Pro. loc. cit.; Psalms 10:9. Part. אוֹרֵב, הָאוֹרֵב a lier in wait, often coll. liers in wait, a body of soldiers set in ambush, Joshua 8:14, 19 Joshua 8:19, 21 Joshua 8:21; Judges 20:33, seq.; hence construed with a plur., loc. cit. verse 37 Judges 20:37.

Piel, i.q. Kal, construed followed by עַל, 2 Chronicles 20:22, absol. Judges 9:25.

Hiphil, to set an ambush. Fut. וַיָּרֶב for וַיַּאֲרֶב, 1 Samuel 15:5.

The derivatives follow, except מַאֲרָב.

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List of Word Forms
אֱרָב־ אָ֥רְבוּ אָֽרְב֡וּ אָרָֽבְתִּי׃ אֹֽרְבִ֔ים אֹרְבִ֤ים אֹרֵ֗ב אֹרֵ֛ב אֹרֵ֥ב ארב ארב־ ארבו ארבים ארבתי׃ בְּאָרְבָּ֑ם בארבם הָ֣אֹרֵ֔ב הָֽאֹרֵב֙ הָאֹֽרְבִ֑ים הָאֹרֵ֑ב הָאֹרֵ֔ב הארב הארבים וְאָ֤רַב וְאֹרֵ֧ב וְאוֹרֵ֖ב וְהָאֹרֵ֖ב וְהָאֹרֵ֗ב וְהָאֹרֵ֣ב וְהָאוֹרֵ֡ב וֶאֱרֹ֖ב וַאֲרַבְתֶּ֥ם וַיֶּאֱרֹ֖ב וַיֶּאֶרְב֣וּ וַיֶּאֶרְבוּ־ ואורב וארב וארבתם והאורב והארב ויארב ויארבו ויארבו־ יֶ֭אֱרֹב יֶאֱרֹ֑בוּ יֶאֱרֹ֔בוּ יֶאֱרֹ֬ב יארב יארבו לְאֹרֵ֖ב לארב מְ֠אָֽרְבִים מְאָרְבִ֗ים מֵהָ֣אוֹרֵ֔ב מארבים מהאורב נֶאֶרְבָ֥ה נארבה תֶּֽאֱרֹ֑ב תֶּאֱרֹ֣ב תֶאֱרֹֽב׃ תארב תארב׃ ’ā·rā·ḇə·tî ’ā·rə·ḇū ’ārāḇətî ’ārəḇū ’ĕ·rāḇ- ’ĕrāḇ- ’ō·rə·ḇîm ’ō·rêḇ ’ōrêḇ ’ōrəḇîm aRaveti areVu bə’ārəbām bə·’ā·rə·bām beareBam erov hā’ōrêḇ hā’ōrəḇîm hā·’ō·rə·ḇîm hā·’ō·rêḇ haoRev haoreVim lə’ōrêḇ lə·’ō·rêḇ leoRev mə’ārəḇîm mə·’ā·rə·ḇîm mê·hā·’ō·w·rêḇ meareVim mêhā’ōwrêḇ meHaoRev ne’erḇāh ne·’er·ḇāh neerVah oRev oreVim te’ĕrōḇ ṯe’ĕrōḇ te·’ĕ·rōḇ ṯe·’ĕ·rōḇ teeRo vaaravTem vaiyeeRo vaiyeerVu veArav veeRo vehaoRev veoRev wa’ăraḇtem wa·’ă·raḇ·tem way·ye·’ĕ·rōḇ way·ye·’er·ḇū way·ye·’er·ḇū- wayye’erḇū wayye’erḇū- wayye’ĕrōḇ wə’āraḇ we’ĕrōḇ wə’ōrêḇ wə’ōwrêḇ wə·’ā·raḇ we·’ĕ·rōḇ wə·’ō·rêḇ wə·’ō·w·rêḇ wə·hā·’ō·rêḇ wə·hā·’ō·w·rêḇ wəhā’ōrêḇ wəhā’ōwrêḇ ye’ĕrōḇ ye’ĕrōḇū ye·’ĕ·rō·ḇū ye·’ĕ·rōḇ yeeRo yeeRou
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