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New International Version
1 Timothy 3:3

not given to drunkenness, not violent but gentle, not quarrelsome, not a lover of money.

Bible Study Resources

Commentaries:

- Clarke Commentary;   Abbott's New Testament;   Birdgeway Bible Commentary;   Coffman Commentaries;   Barne's Notes;   Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes;   Calvin's Commentary;   Cambridge Greek Testament;   Chuck Smith Commentary;   Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible ;   Constable's Expository Notes;   Daily Study Bible;   Darby's Synopsis;   Dunagan Commentary;   Ellicott's Commentary;   Expositor's Greek Testament;   Family Bible New Testament;   Hole's Commentary;   Meyer's Commentary;   Gaebelein's Annotated;   Morgan's Biblical Exposition;   Gill's Exposition;   Godbey's NT Commentary;   Gary Hampton Commentary;   Everett's Study Notes;   Geneva Study Bible;   Alford's Commentary;   Haydock's Catholic Commentary;   Meyer's Commentary;   Mahan's Commentary;   The Bible Study New Testament;   Ironside's Notes;   Bengel's Gnomon;   Commentary Critical and Explanatory;   Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged;   The People's Bible;   Sutcliffe's Commentary;   Trapp's Commentary;   Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible;   Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures;   Grant's Commentary;   Henry's Complete;   Henry's Concise;   Poole's Annotations;   Pett's Bible Commentary;   Peake's Bible Commentary;   Preacher's Homiletical Commentary;   Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary;   People's New Testament;   Benson's Commentary;   Robertson's Word Pictures;   Schaff's New Testament Commentary;   Biblical Illustrator;   Coke's Commentary;   Expositor's Bible;   Pulpit Commentaries;   Treasury of Knowledge;   Vincent's Studies;   Burkitt's Notes;   Whedon's Commentary;  

Concordances:

- Nave's Topical Bible - Avarice;   Bishop;   Church;   Commandments;   Covetousness;   Meekness;   Minister, Christian;   Patience;   Sobriety;   Strife;   Temperance;   Thompson Chain Reference - Covetousness;   Gentleness;   Leaders;   Liberality-Parsimony;   Meekness-Retaliation;   Ministers;   Religious;   The Topic Concordance - Bishop;   Drunkenness;   Sobriety;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Covetousness;   Ministers;   Sobriety;   Strife;  

Dictionaries:

- American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Wine;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Elder;   Family;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Church, the;   Elder;   Gentleness;   Ministry, Minister;   Money;   Overseer;   Timothy, First and Second, Theology of;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Deacon;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Lucre;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Aaron;   Bishop;   Elisha;   Synagogue;   Wine;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Bishop;   Church;   Elder;   Offices in the New Testament;   Titus, Epistle to;   Violence;   Wealth and Materialism;   1 Timothy;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Bishop;   Church Government;   Deacon;   Minister;   Temperance;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Bishop, Elder, Presbyter;   Clement of Rome, Epistle of;   Home;   Soberness Sobriety;   Timothy and Titus Epistles to;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Bishop;   Lucre;   33 Patience Long-Suffering Forbearance;   Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types - Filthy;  

Encyclopedias:

- International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Brawler;   Gentleness;   Give;   Lover;   Lucre;   Moderately;   Patience;   Spiritual Gifts;   Strike;   Wealth;  

Devotionals:

- Every Day Light - Devotion for December 1;  

Parallel Translations

The Amplified Bible
Not given to wine, not combative but gentle and considerate, not quarrelsome but forbearing and peaceable, and not a lover of money [insatiable for wealth and ready to obtain it by questionable means].

The Complete Jewish Bible
He must not drink excessively or get into fights; rather, he must be kind and gentle. He must not be a lover of money.

American Standard Version
no brawler, no striker; but gentle, not contentious, no lover of money;

Bible in Basic English
Not quickly moved to wrath or blows, but gentle; no fighter, no lover of money;

English Revised Version
no brawler, no striker; but gentle, not contentious, no lover of money;

Contemporary English Version
They must not be heavy drinkers or troublemakers. Instead, they must be kind and gentle and not love money.

English Standard Version
not a drunkard, not violent but gentle, not quarrelsome, not a lover of money.

Darby's Translation
not given to excesses from wine, not a striker, but mild, not addicted to contention, not fond of money,

Easy-to-Read Version
He must not drink too much wine, and he must not be a person who likes to fight. He must be gentle and peaceful. He must not be a person who loves money.

The Geneva Bible (1587)
Not giuen to wine, no striker, not giuen to filthy lucre, but gentle, no fighter, not couetous,

The Bishop's Bible (1568)
Not geuen to ouermuch wine, no striker, not greedy of fylthy lucre: but gentle, abhorryng fyghtyng, abhorryng couetousnesse:

King James Version (1611)
Not giuen to wine, no striker, not greedy of filthy lucre, but patient, not a brawler, not couetous;

New Revised Standard
not a drunkard, not violent but gentle, not quarrelsome, and not a lover of money.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Not given to wine, no striker, but modest, not quarrelsome, not covetous, but

New Century Version
He must not drink too much wine or like to fight, but rather be gentle and peaceable, not loving money.

James Murdock Translation of the Peshitta
and not a transgressor in regard to wine, and whose hand is not swift to strike; but he should be humble, and not contentious, nor a lover of money;

Wesley's New Testament (1755)
Not given to wine, no striker, not desirous of filthy gain, but gentle, patient, not loving money;

George Lamsa Translation of the Peshitta
Not given to wine, not a striker, not greedy of filthy lucre; but meek, not a brawler;

Good News Translation
he must not be a drunkard or a violent man, but gentle and peaceful; he must not love money;

Holman Christian Standard
not addicted to wine, not a bully but gentle, not quarrelsome, not greedy --

Miles Coverdale Bible (1535)
Not geuen to moch wyne, no fighter, not geuen to filthy lucre: but gentle, abhorrynge stryfe, abhorrynge couetousnes:

Mace New Testament (1729)
not given to wine or violence, but of a gentle temper, averse to contention and avarice: a master of economy,

J.P. Green Literal Translation
not a drunkard, not a contentious one, not money-loving, but gentle, not quarrelsome, not avaricious;

New King James
not given to wine, not violent, not greedy for money, but gentle, not quarrelsome, not covetous;

New Living Translation
He must not be a heavy drinker or be violent. He must be gentle, peace loving, and not one who loves money.

King James Version
Not given to wine, no striker, not greedy of filthy lucre; but patient, not a brawler, not covetous;

New American Standard Version
not addicted to wine or pugnacious, but gentle, peaceable, free from the love of money.

New Life Version
He must not get drunk or want to fight. Instead, he must be gentle. He must not have a love for money.

Hebrew Names Version
not a drinker, not violent, not greedy for money, but gentle, not quarrelsome, not covetous;

International Standard Version
He must not drink excessively or be a violent person, but instead be gentle. He must not be argumentative or a lover of money.

John Etheridge Translation of the Peshitta
and not a transgressor over wine, nor (one) whose hand hastens to strike; but he is to be gentle and not contentious, nor a lover of money;

The Emphasised Bible
Not given to wine, not ready to wound, but considerate, averse to contention, not fond of money,

Revised Standard Version
no drunkard, not violent but gentle, not quarrelsome, and no lover of money.

Tyndale Bible
not dronke no fighter not geve to filthy lucre: but gentle abhorrynge fightynge abhorrynge coveteousnes

Updated Bible Version 1.9
no brawler, no striker; but gentle, not contentious, no lover of money;

The Webster Bible
Not given to wine, no striker, not greedy of filthy lucre, but patient; not a brawler, not covetous;

World English Bible
not a drinker, not violent, not greedy for money, but gentle, not quarrelsome, not covetous;

Weymouth New Testament
not a hard drinker nor given to blows; not selfish or quarrelsome or covetous;

The Wycliffe Bible (1395)
not youun myche to wyn, not a smytere, but temperat, not ful of chiding, not coueitouse, wel reulinge his hous,

Young's Literal Translation
not given to wine, not a striker, not given to filthy lucre, but gentle, not contentious, not a lover of money,

The Message
not be overfond of wine, not pushy but gentle, not thin-skinned, not money-hungry.

Lexham English Bible
not addicted to wine, not a violent person, but gentle, peaceable, not loving money,

Contextual Overview

1Here is a trustworthy saying: Whoever aspires to be an overseer desires a noble task. 2Now the overseer is to be above reproach, faithful to his wife, temperate, self-controlled, respectable, hospitable, able to teach, 3not given to drunkenness, not violent but gentle, not quarrelsome, not a lover of money.4He must manage his own family well and see that his children obey him, and he must do so in a manner worthy of full[a] respect. 5(If anyone does not know how to manage his own family, how can he take care of God’s church?) 6He must not be a recent convert, or he may become conceited and fall under the same judgment as the devil. 7He must also have a good reputation with outsiders, so that he will not fall into disgrace and into the devil’s trap.

Verse Review

from
Treasury of Scripure Knowledge

Not given to wine, no striker, not greedy of filthy lucre; but patient, not a brawler, not covetous;
Not given to wine
or, Not ready to quarrel, and offer wrong, as one in wine.
8; Leviticus 10:9; Isaiah 5:11,12; 28:1,7; 56:12; Ezekiel 44:21; Micah 2:11; Matthew 24:45-51; Luke 12:42-46; 21:34-36; Ephesians 5:18; Titus 1:7; 2:3
no
2 Timothy 2:24,25; Titus 1:7
not greedy
Proverbs 1:19; 15:27; Isaiah 56:11; Jude 1:11
filthy
8; 1 Samuel 8:3; Titus 1:7,11; 1 Peter 5:2
patient
6:11; Ecclesiastes 7:8; 1 Thessalonians 5:14; 2 Timothy 2:24; Revelation 1:9
a brawler
Titus 3:2; James 4:1; *marg:
not covetous
1 Samuel 2:15-17; 2 Kings 5:20-27; Jeremiah 6:13; 8:10; Micah 3:5,11; Malachi 1:10; Matthew 21:13; John 10:12,13; 12:5,6; Acts 8:18-21; 20:33; Romans 16:18; 2 Peter 2:3,14,15; Revelation 18:11-13

Cross-References

Genesis 3:12
The man said, “The woman you put here with me—she gave me some fruit from the tree, and I ate it.”

Genesis 3:13
Then the Lord God said to the woman, “What is this you have done?” The woman said, “The serpent deceived me, and I ate.”

Genesis 3:16
To the woman he said, “I will make your pains in childbearing very severe; with painful labor you will give birth to children. Your desire will be for your husband, and he will rule over you.”

Genesis 3:17
To Adam he said, “Because you listened to your wife and ate fruit from the tree about which I commanded you, ‘You must not eat from it,’ “Cursed is the ground because of you; through painful toil you will eat food from it all the days of your life.

Genesis 20:6
Then God said to him in the dream, “Yes, I know you did this with a clear conscience, and so I have kept you from sinning against me. That is why I did not let you touch her.

1 Chronicles 16:22
“Do not touch my anointed ones; do my prophets no harm.”

Job 1:11
But now stretch out your hand and strike everything he has, and he will surely curse you to your face.”

Job 2:5
But now stretch out your hand and strike his flesh and bones, and he will surely curse you to your face.”

Job 19:21
“Have pity on me, my friends, have pity, for the hand of God has struck me.

1 Corinthians 7:1
Now for the matters you wrote about: “It is good for a man not to have sexual relations with a woman.”

Gill's Notes on the Bible

Not given to wine,.... One that does not sit at it, or is continually drinking it, and is intemperate in the use of it; otherwise it is lawful for persons in such an office to drink wine, and sometimes absolutely necessary; see 1 Timothy 5:23 it signifies one that is not given to much wine, as in 1 Timothy 3:8 is not addicted to it, or a follower of it; the Syriac version renders it, "who does not transgress over wine", or go beyond due bounds in the use of it, who is not immoderate in it; the Arabic version renders it, "not insolent through wine", as one that is heated with it is fierce and furious, and wrangling and quarrelsome, and often very mischievous and injurious; and this sense is followed by some.

No striker; either with his hands, so the Syriac version, "whose hand is not swift to strike"; not one who is nimble and ready at it, who no sooner is abused or injured, but he lifts up his hands and strikes; is but a word and a blow: or with his tongue; so the Arabic version, "not wounding with his tongue"; being too sharp and severe in the admonitions and reproofs of weak brethren, or fallen believers; and especially, he ought not to use scurrilous, reproachful, and contumelious language to any; see Jeremiah 18:18.

Not greedy of filthy lucre; not covetous of getting money, of amassing wealth and riches together; or desirous of popular applause and glory from men. This clause is not in the Alexandrian copy, nor in five of Beza's manuscripts and other copies, nor is it in the Vulgate Latin version, nor in any of the Oriental versions; it seems to be transcribed from Titus 1:7. And indeed it is unnecessary here; since the same is expressed by the word "covetous", at the end of the verse, and makes that a tautology; and moreover, by leaving out this clause, the opposition appears more manifest, between "no striker" and what follows,

but patient; one who patiently bears all reproaches and injuries, puts up with affronts, and gives up what is his right and due, rather than contend, quarrel, and strike; who is patient towards all men, and does not bear hard on those that have offended, but is moderate and mild, and gentle in his censures, reproofs, and admonitions:

not a brawler; not a quarrelsome litigious person, given to fighting, either with the fist or sword, or any other weapon:

not covetous; or a lover of money in an immoderate way, greedy of worldly substance and riches, and insatiable in his desires after them; niggardly, sordid, and illiberal; acting a mercenary part; seeking his own things, and not the things of Christ; his gain from his quarter, and not the good of souls; and withholding from himself, from his family, and the poor, what ought to be enjoyed by them. Whereas, on the other hand, he ought to be generous and liberal, hospitable and charitable, and ready to communicate on all occasions, according to his abilities.

Barnes' Notes on the Bible

Not given to wine - Margin, “Not ready to quarrel and offer wrong, as one in wine.” The Greek word ( πάροινος paroinos) occurs in the New Testament only here and in Titus 1:7. It means, properly, “by wine;” i. e., spoken of what takes place “by” or “over” wine, as revelry, drinking songs, etc. Then it denotes, as it does here, one who sits “by” wine; that is, who is in the habit of drinking it. It cannot be inferred, from the use of the word here, that wine was absolutely and entirely prohibited; for the word does not properly express that idea. It means that one who is in the habit of drinking wine, or who is accustomed to sit with those who indulge in it, should not be admitted to the ministry. The way in which the apostle mentions the subject here would lead us fairly to suppose that he did not mean to commend its use in any sense; that he regarded its use as dangerous, and that he would wish the ministers of religion to avoid it altogether. In regard to its use at all, except at the communion or as a medicine, it may be remarked, that a minister will do no injury to himself or others by letting it entirely alone; he may do injury by indulging in it. No man is under any “obligation” of courtesy or Christian duty to use it; thousands of ministers of the gospel have brought ruin on themselves, and disgrace on the ministry, by its use; compare Matthew 11:9 note, and 1 Timothy 5:23 note.

No striker - He must be a peaceable, not a quarrelsome man. This is connected with the caution about the use of wine, probably, because that is commonly found to produce a spirit of contention and strife.

Not greedy of filthy lucre - Not contentious or avaricious. Greek, Not desirous of base gain. The desire of this is condemned everywhere in the New Testament; but it is especially the duty of a minister of the gospel to be free from it. He has a right to a support (see the notes on Philemon 4:5; Titus 3:2; James 3:17, and 1 Peter 2:18, where it is rendered “gentle.” The word means that the minister of the gospel should be a man of mild and kind demeanor, such as his Master was.

Not a brawler - compare 2 Timothy 2:24. That is, he should not be a man given to contention, or apt to take up a quarrel. The Greek is, literally, “Not disposed to fight.”

Not covetous - Greek, “Not a lover of silver;” that is, of money. A man should not be put into the ministry who is characteristically a lover of money. Such a one, no matter what his talents may be, has no proper qualification for the office, and will do more harm than good.

Clarke's Notes on the Bible

An eighth article in his character is, he must not be given to wine; μη παροινον . This word not only signifies one who is inordinately attached to wine, a winebibber or tippler, but also one who is imperious, abusive, insolent, whether through wine or otherwise. Kypke contends for this latter acceptation here. See his proofs and examples.

    Ninth - He must be no striker; μη πληκτην, not quarrelsome; not ready to strike a person who may displease him; no persecutor of those who may differ from him; not prone, as one wittily said,

"To prove his doctrine orthodox

By apostolic blows and knocks."

It is said of Bishop Bonner, of infamous memory, that, when examining the poor Protestants whom he termed heretics, when worsted by them in argument he was used to smite them with his fists, and sometimes scourge and whip them. But though he was a most ignorant and consummate savage, yet from such a scripture as this he might have seen the necessity of surrendering his mitre.

Tenth - He must not be greedy of filthy lucre; μη αισχροκερδη, not desirous of base gain; not using base and unjustifiable methods to raise and increase his revenues; not trading or trafficking; for what would be honorable in a secular character, would be base and dishonorable in a bishop. Though such a trait should never appear in the character of a Christian prelate, yet there is much reason to suspect that the words above are not authentic; they are omitted by ADFG, many others, the Syriac, all the Arabic, Coptic, (and Sahidic), Ethiopic, Armenian, later Syriac, (but it appears in the margin), the Vulgate and Itala, and by most of the Greek fathers. Griesbach has left it out of the text, in which it does not appear that it ever had a legitimate place. The word covetous, which we have below, expresses all the meaning of this; and it is not likely that the apostle would insert in the same sentence two words of the same meaning, because they were different in sound. It appears to have been borrowed from 1 Timothy 3:8.

Eleventh - He must be patient; επιεικη, meek, gentle; the opposite to πληκτην, a quarrelsome person, which it immediately follows when the spurious word αισχροκερδη is removed. Where meekness and patience do not reign, gravity cannot exist, and the love of God cannot dwell.

Twelfth - He must not be a brawler; αμαχον, not contentious or litigious, but quiet and peaceable.

Thirteenth - He must not be covetous; αφιλαργυρον, not a lover of money; not desiring the office for the sake of its emoluments. He who loves money will stick at nothing in order to get it. Fair and foul methods are to him alike, provided they may be equally productive. For the sake of reputation he may wish to get all honourably; but if that cannot be, he will not scruple to adopt other methods. A brother heathen gives him this counsel: "Get money if thou canst by fair means; if not, get it by hook and by crook."


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Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, October 17th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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