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New Living Translation
1 Kings 19:4

Then he went on alone into the desert, traveling all day. He sat down under a solitary broom tree and prayed that he might die. "I have had enough, LORD," he said. "Take my life, for I am no better than my ancestors."

Bible Study Resources


- Clarke Commentary;   Birdgeway Bible Commentary;   Barne's Notes;   Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes;   Church Pulpit Commentary;   Chuck Smith Commentary;   Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible ;   Constable's Expository Notes;   Ellicott's Commentary;   Meyer's Commentary;   Gaebelein's Annotated;   Morgan's Biblical Exposition;   Gill's Exposition;   Everett's Study Notes;   Geneva Study Bible;   Haydock's Catholic Commentary;   Commentary Critical and Explanatory;   Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged;   The People's Bible;   Sutcliffe's Commentary;   Trapp's Commentary;   Keil & Delitzsch;   Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible;   Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures;   Grant's Commentary;   Wells of Living Water;   MacLaren's Expositions;   Henry's Complete;   Henry's Concise;   Poole's Annotations;   Pett's Bible Commentary;   Peake's Bible Commentary;   Preacher's Homiletical Commentary;   Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary;   Benson's Commentary;   Sermon Bible;   Spurgeon's Verse Expositions;   Biblical Illustrator;   Coke's Commentary;   Expositor's Bible;   Pulpit Commentaries;   Treasury of Knowledge;   Wesley's Notes;   Whedon's Commentary;  


- Nave's Topical Bible - Day;   Death;   Despondency;   Elijah;   Juniper;   Life;   Minister, Christian;   Miracles;   Murmuring;   Prudence;   Trouble;   Thompson Chain Reference - Afflictions;   Cheerfulness-Despondency;   Day's Journey;   Death;   Despair;   Despondency;   Elijah;   God's;   Hope-Despair;   Prayer;   Silence-Speech;   Trees;   Unwise Prayers;   Voice;   Wildernesses;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Deserts;   Murmuring;   Trees;  


- American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Jezebel;   Juniper;   Sinai;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - John the baptist;   Trees;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Jeremiah, Theology of;   Vanity;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Elijah;   Juniper;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Beersheba;   Jonah;   Juniper;   Weights and Measures;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Angel;   Beer-Sheba;   Broom Tree;   Elijah;   Jonah;   Juniper;   Kings, 1 and 2;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Ahab;   Day's Journey;   Elijah;   Jonah;   Weights and Measures;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Despondency;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Juniper,;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Elijah;   Juniper;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Juniper,;   Weights and Measures;   Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types - Juniper;  


- Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Kingdom of Israel;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Broom;   Elijah;   Juniper;   Soul;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Elijah;   Juniper;  


- Every Day Light - Devotion for January 28;  

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Contextual Overview

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Verse Review

Treasury of Scripure Knowledge

But he himself went a day's journey into the wilderness, and came and sat down under a juniper tree: and he requested for himself that he might die; and said, It is enough; now, O LORD, take away my life; for I am not better than my fathers.
sat down
13:14; Genesis 21:15,16; John 4:6
he requested
3; Numbers 11:15; 2 Kings 2:11; Job 3:20-22; Jeremiah 20:14-18; Jonah 4:3,8; Philippians 1:21-24
for himself
Heb. for his life. better.
Amos 6:2; Nahum 3:8; Matthew 6:26; Romans 3:9


Genesis 13:13

Genesis 18:20

Genesis 19:1

Genesis 19:6

Genesis 19:20

Genesis 19:25

Exodus 16:2

Exodus 23:2

Proverbs 4:16

Proverbs 6:18

Gill's Notes on the Bible

But he himself went a day's journey into the wilderness,.... Of Paran, which began near Beersheba, and was the wilderness of Arabia, in which the Israelites were near forty years; this day's journey carried him about twenty miles from Beersheba southward, as the above writer reckons:

and came and sat down under a juniper tree; Abarbinel supposes that Elijah chose to sit under this tree, to preserve him from venomous creatures, which naturalists say will not come near it; and Pliny indeed observes, that it being burnt will drive away serpents, and that some persons anoint themselves with the oil of it, for fear of them; and yet Virgil represents the shade of a juniper tree as noxious; hence some interpreters take this to be a piece of carelessness and indifference of the prophet's, where he sat:

and he requested for himself that he might die; for though he fled from Jezebel to preserve his life, not choosing to die by her hands, which would cause her prophets to exult and triumph, yet was now desirous of dying by the hand of the Lord, and in a place where his death would not be known:

it is enough, now, O Lord, take away my life; intimating that he had lived long enough, even as long as he desired; and he had done as much work for God as he thought he had to do; he supposed his service and usefulness were at an end, and therefore desired his dismission:

for I am not better than my fathers that he should not die, or live longer than they; but this desire was not like that of the Apostle Paul's, but like that of Job and of Jonah; not so much to be with God and Christ, as to be rid of the troubles of life.

Barnes' Notes on the Bible

Elijah did not feel himself safe until he was beyond the territory of Judah, for Ahab might demand him of Jehoshaphat 1 Kings 18:10, with whom he was on terms of close alliance 1 Kings 22:4. He, therefore, proceeds southward into the desert, simply to be out of the reach of his enemies.

A juniper-tree - The tree here mentioned רתם rethem is not the juniper but a species of broom (Genista monosperma ), called “rethem” by the Arabs, which abounds in the Sinaitic peninsula. It grows to such a size as to afford shade and protection, both in heat and storm, to travelers.

Requested for himself that he might die - Like Moses and Jonah (marginal references). The prophet‘s depression here reached its lowest point. He was still suffering from the reaction of overstrained feeling; he was weary with nights and days of travel; he was faint with the sun‘s heat; he was exhausted for want of food; he was for the first time alone - alone in the awful solitude and silence of the great white desert. Such solitude might brace the soul in certain moods; but in others it must utterly overwhelm and crush. Thus the prophet at length gave way completely - made his prayer that he might die - and, exhausted sank, to sleep.

I am not better than my fathers - i. e., “I am a mere weak man, no better nor stronger than they who have gone before me, no more able to revolutionize the world than they.”

Clarke's Notes on the Bible

A day's journey into the wilderness - Probably in his way to Mount Horeb. See 1 Kings 19:8.

Juniper tree - A tree that afforded him a shade from the scorching sun.

It is enough - I have lived long enough! I can do no more good among this people; let me now end my days.

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New Living Translation
Copyright © 1996 by Tyndale Charitable Trust. Used by permission of Tyndale House Publishers. All rights reserved. For more information about the NLT, please click here.

Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, October 28th, 2020
the Week of Proper 25 / Ordinary 30
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