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Bible Commentaries

Abbott's Illustrated New Testament
Hebrews 10



Verse 1

However a shadow; containing only a shadow or representation of the things.--The very image; the substance.

Verse 5

When he cometh; when Christ cometh. The quotation extending from Hebrews 10:5-7, is from Hebrews 10:5-7; Psalms 40:6-8.--Wouldst not; didst not desire.--But a body, &c. The corresponding expression in the original is, "Mine ears hast thou opened." It stands, however, as the writer has quoted it, in the Septuagint, a Greek version of the Old Testament, which was in common use in Paul's day. The circumstance of the writer's having followed in this, and in many other cases, the translation instead of the original, has given rise to much discussion.

Verse 7

Lo, I come; I, the Savior, come.

Verse 13

Expecting till, &c.; looking forward to the time when, &c.

Verse 20

His flesh; his mortal body. In what points of view, the writer considered the body of Christ as typified by the veil which separated the two sanctuaries, is not clear.

Verse 22

Our bodies washed, &c.; referring to the rite of baptism. Were we to insist upon the principle of strict conformity to the letter, in interpreting the allusions to the rite of baptism in the New Testament, even immersion would not suffice. To wash is more than simply to immerse.

Verse 24

Consider one another; be interested in one another.--To provoke; to animate and encourage.

Verse 26

No more sacrifice; Christ having offered himself once for all (Hebrews 9:26-28.)

Verse 28

Hebrews 10:28; Numbers 15:30,31.

Verse 30

Hebrews 10:30; Deuteronomy 32:35,36.

Verse 32

Illuminated; converted,--brought into the light of Christ's kingdom.

Verse 34

In my bonds. This expression, and the passage with which it stands in connection, (Hebrews 10:32-34,) shows that this Epistle was addressed to a church, or to a class of Christians, which had, at a former period, experienced persecution; and it seems to imply that Paul was imprisoned among them. Both these were true of the churches in Judea. They were persecuted in the time of Stephen, and Paul was imprisoned both at Jerusalem and at Cæsarea, before he went to Rome.

Verse 35

Confidence; firm and steady faith.

Verse 38

By faith; such as he had enjoined, Hebrews 10:35. The passage appears to be quoted from Hebrews 10:38; Habakkuk 2:4.


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These files are public domain.

Bibliography Information
Abbott, John S. C. & Abbott, Jacob. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:4". "Abbott's Illustrated New Testament". 1878.

Lectionary Calendar
Friday, November 22nd, 2019
the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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