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Bible Commentaries

Abbott's Illustrated New Testament
John 13



Other Authors
Verse 1

Now before the feast of the pass over; that is, at the commencement of it.

Verse 4

His garments; his outer garments.--Girded himself; after the manner of a servant.

Verse 5

To wash, &c. This was a customary office to be performed for guests, at an entertainment, by servants. The only thing remarkable in the case was, that the service should have been performed, for this company, by one who was their Lord and Master, and possessed, too, of such a consciousness of personal dignity as is expressed in John 13:3.

Verse 7

Knowest not now; understandest not.--Hereafter; meaning very soon; for Jesus explained his design and meaning, as soon as he resumed his seat. (John 13:13-15.)

Verse 10

Every whit; entirely. The meaning of the remark seems to be, simply, that, for his purpose at that time, the washing of the feet was all that was necessary.

Verse 12

Know ye; understand ye.

Verse 14

Ye also ought to wash one another's feet. He meant, by this symbolical act, to teach them that they ought not to be ambitious and aspiring, each endeavoring to rise above the rest, but humble, lowly-minded, in honor preferring one another. There was a tendency, at this time, to the former spirit, in the minds of the disciples. (Luke 22:24.)

Verse 18

The passage here referred to is found Psalms 41:9.

Verse 21

Testified; openly declared what he had only intimated before, in John 13:18,19.

Verse 23

Leaning, &c.; according to the customary position at table.--One--whom Jesus loved. John often speaks of himself in these terms. It is noticeable that the other evangelists do not allude to his enjoying, in any special manner, the Savior's regard.

Verse 24

Beckoned; made a signal.

Verse 25

Saith unto him; privately.

Verse 26

Jesus answered; that is, to John, in such a manner that the others did not hear.

Verse 27

That thou doest, do, do quickly. During the John 13:1-20, Judas must have been in a state of great anxiety and fear,--being, however, still uncertain how far his designs were really known. This last remark left him no longer any hope of concealment; but the detection produced irritation and anger, not repentance. Dreading probably an open exposure before all the disciples, he seems to have hastened away, in a fit of desperation, to enter at once upon the execution of his design.

Verse 33

As I said unto the Jews; John 7:33,34,8:21.

Verse 36

Whither, &c.; referring to what Jesus had said, (John 13:33.)

Verse 38

The cock shall not crow. Mark 14:30; Luke 22:34 say before the cock crow twice. The meaning of both expressions is simply as if he had said, "Thou shalt deny me thrice before the morning."


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.

Bibliography Information
Abbott, John S. C. & Abbott, Jacob. "Commentary on John 13:4". "Abbott's Illustrated New Testament". 1878.

Lectionary Calendar
Monday, October 19th, 2020
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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