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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
1 Corinthians 3



Other Authors
Verse 1

could not = was not able to.

speak. App-121.

unto = to.

spiritual. Greek. pneumatikos. See 1 Corinthians 12:1.

carnal. Greek. sarkikos, as in Romans 7:14, but the texts read sarkines. See 2 Corinthians 3:3.

in. App-104.

Christ. App-98.

Verse 2

have fed you with = gave you . . . to drink (Greek. potizo).

hitherto, &c. = ye were not as yet able to bear it. Instead of supplying the ellipsis with "to bear it", we might read "not as yet strong enough".

neither. Greek. oute or oude.

Verse 3

carnal. Greek. sarkikos. See 1 Corinthians 3:1. Romans 7:14.

among. App-104.

envying. Greek. zelos. See Acts 5:17.

strife. Greek. eris. See 1 Corinthians 1:11.

divisions. dichoatasia. See Romans 16:17. But the texts omit "and divisions".

as = according to. App-104.

men = a man. App-123.

Verse 4

while = whenever.

another. App-124.

carnal. Greek. sarkikos, as in 1 Corinthians 3:3; but the texts read "men" (anthropoi).

Verse 5

ministers = servants. App-190.

by = through. App-104. 1 Corinthians 3:1.

believed. App-150.

the Lord. App-98.

gave. See Ephesians 4:11.

every man = each (one).

Verse 6

have planted = planted. See Acts 18:1-18.

watered. Greek. potizo, as in 1 Corinthians 3:2. See Acts 18:27, Acts 19:1.

God. App-98.

gave the increase = was causing it to grow. Imperf. because God"s work was continuing, Paul"s or any other"s only temporary.

Verse 7

neither . . . neither. Greek. oute . . . oute.

any thing. Greek. neut. of tis. App-123. Compare 2 Corinthians 3:5. Galatians 1:2, Galatians 1:6; Galatians 6:3.

Verse 8

one = one thing. Both belong to the same company of servants, of whom God is the Master.

his own. Emph. Greek. idios.

according to. App-104.

Verse 9

we. i.e. Paul and Sosthenes. See 1 Corinthians 1:1.

labourers together with God = God"s fellow-workers. The word "God" is in the genitive of possession (App-17), as in the two other clauses of the verse. It is the Figure of speech Anaphora (App-6), and the verse should read: "God"s fellow-workers we are: God"s husbandry, God"s building, ye are. "Ministers are co-workers with one another, not with God, as though He were one of them. Were it so, "God" would be in the dative case.

labourers together with. Greek. sunergos. Occurs thirteen times. Three times as here, used generally; in all other cases used of individuals, Timothy, Titus, Luke, &c.

husbandry = tilled field. Greek. georgion. Only here. Compare Numbers 24:6. Psalms 80:15.

building. Greek. oikodome. Used in Matthew 24:1. Mark 13:1, Mark 13:2; 2 Corinthians 5:1. Ephesians 2:21, of an edifice. Elsewhere twelve times of the act of building, and translated "edifying", in a metaphorical sense.

Verse 10

grace. App-184.

masterbuilder. Greek. architekton. Only here.

have. The texts omit.

foundation. Compare App-146.

another. App-124.

buildeth thereon. Greek. epoikodomeo. See Acts 20:32.

take heed = see. App-133.

Verse 11

no man = no one. Greek. oudeis.

than = beside. App-104.

Jesus Christ. App-98.

Verse 12

Now. = But.

if. App-118.

any man = any one. Greek. tis. App-123.

upon. App-104.

hay. Greek. chortos. Translated twelve times "grass", twice "blade", Matthew 13:26. Mark 4:28. Only here rendered "hay". Note the Figure of speech Asyndeton (App-6).

stubble. Greek. kalame. Only here. All these six things are perishable (1 Peter 1:7).

Verse 13

be made = become.

manifest. App-106.

the day. i.e. the day of the Lord. See Acts 2:20.

declare. Greek. deloo. See 1 Corinthians 1:11.

revealed. App-106.

by = in. App-104.

try = test, or prove. Greek. dokimazo.

Verse 14

abide. Greek. meno. See p. 1511.

Verse 15

burned = burned up. Greek. katakaio. Compare Matthew 3:12. Luke 3:17. 2 Peter 3:10.

suffer loss. Greek. zemioo. Elsewhere, Matthew 16:26. Mark 8:36. Luke 9:25. 2 Corinthians 7:9. Philippians 1:3, Philippians 1:8. He will Jose his reward. Compare 2 John 1:8.

Verse 16

Know ye not. This expression occurs twelve times in Paul"s epistles. Elsewhere, 1 Corinthians 5:6; 1 Corinthians 6:2, 1 Corinthians 6:3, 1 Corinthians 6:9, 1 Corinthians 6:15, 1 Corinthians 6:16, 1 Corinthians 6:19; 1 Corinthians 9:13, 1 Corinthians 9:24. Romans 6:16; Romans 11:2. One other occurance is in James 4:4. It conveys a delicate reproach.

Know. App-133.

Temple. Greek. naos. See Matthew 23:16. There is no art. because naos is the predicate.

Spirit. The Holy Spirit. App-101.

in = among. App-104. The Spirit dwells in the shrine formed by the collective body of believers. Compare Ephesians 2:22.

Verse 17

defile. Greek. phtheiro. Same word as "destroy" below. Occurs also in 1 Corinthians 15:33. 2 Corinthians 7:2; 2 Corinthians 11:3. Ephesians 4:22. Jude 1:10. Revelation 19:2 (corrupt). The word "mar" will suit both clauses. The man who mars God"s Temple by introducing divisions, and the wisdom that is not from above (James 3:15), will himself be marred (1 Corinthians 3:15).

him = this one. Greek. houtos. Emphatic.

holy. Greek. hagios.

which = and such, i.e. holy, or separated. Omit "temple" in the last clause.

Verse 18

no man = no one. Greek. medeis.

deceive. Greek. exapatao. See Romans 7:11.

world. App-129.

fool. Greek. moros, as in 1 Corinthians 1:25, 1 Corinthians 1:27.

that = in order that. Greek. hina.

be = become.

Verse 19

world. Greek. kosmos. App-129.

foolishness. Greek. moria. See 1 Corinthians 1:18.

with. App-104.

is = has been.

taketh. Greek. drassomai. Only here. Found in the Septuagint, but not in Job 5:13, from which this is quoted.

craftiness. Greek. punourgia. See Luke 20:23. This is the only time Job is quoted in the NT.

Verse 20

The LORD. No art. App-98.

knoweth. App-132.

thoughts = reasonings.

vain. Greek. mataios. See Acts 14:15. Quoted from Psalms 94:11.

Verse 21

Therefore = So then.

glory = boast, as in 1 Corinthians 1:29.

Verse 22

life. Greek. zoe. App-170.

present. Greek. enistemi. See Romans 8:38.

to come = about to be. Greek. mello.


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 3:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

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Monday, October 19th, 2020
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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