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Bible Commentaries

Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament

1 Corinthians 3

Introduction

1:2 saints, (a-17) Saints by [divine] calling.

Verse 1

3:1 fleshly; (i-18) Sarkinos . as Romans 7:14 ; Hebrews 7:16 ; 2 Corinthians 3:3 . This word is said to mean properly the material -- the composition of a thing. 'Carnal,' twice in verse 3, is sarkinos , a form used, in some places, to express either material or physical or moral ideas. It occurs also in Romans 15:27 ; 1 Corinthians 9:11 ; 2 Corinthians 1:12 ; 2 Corinthians 10:4 ; 1 Peter 2:11 . This last passage, 'fleshly lusts,' shows how the material and moral thoughts run into one another.

Verse 3

3:3 carnal. (i-5) carnal, (i-18) Sarkinos . as Romans 7:14 ; Hebrews 7:16 ; 2 Corinthians 3:3 . This word is said to mean properly the material -- the composition of a thing. 'Carnal,' twice in verse 3, is sarkinos , a form used, in some places, to express either material or physical or moral ideas. It occurs also in Romans 15:27 ; 1 Corinthians 9:11 ; 2 Corinthians 1:12 ; 2 Corinthians 10:4 ; 1 Peter 2:11 . This last passage, 'fleshly lusts,' shows how the material and moral thoughts run into one another.

Verse 5

3:5 servants, (k-9) Diakonos . see Note, ch. 4.1; Romans 16:1 .

Verse 9

3:9 fellow-workmen; (l-5) 'Workers, or labourers together with God ,' goes too far. The Greek word has the sense of journeyman, but they are fellows doing the chief's work. see 2 Corinthians 6:1 .

Verse 13

3:13 it (a-16) That is, the day. see 2 Thessalonians 2:8 .

Verse 15

3:15 fire. (b-24) The addition of the article gives the right sense. 'saved by fire' may mean that the fire was a means of safety, whereas 'through the fire' is in spite of it, or going through the danger and difficulty of it. Dia has two distinct uses as 'through' in English. see 1 Peter 3:20 for the other sense.

Verse 16

3:16 temple (c-9) Naos . the house itself -- the shrine.

Verse 17

3:17 temple (c-6) temple (c-15) Naos . the house itself -- the shrine. corrupt (d-4) destroy; (d-12) The word for 'destroy' and 'corrupt' is the same in Greek; the force of this is lost in English. see Note d, Ephesians 4:22 .

Verse 18

3:18 deceive (e-4) A strong word. See Note at 1 Timothy 2:14 . be (f-12) Or 'has the appearance of being.'

Verse 19

3:19 written, (g-14) See Job 5:13 .

Verse 20

3:20 again, (h-2) See Psalms 94:11 .

Copyright Statement
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Bibliographical Information
Darby, John. "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 3". "John Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/dsn/1-corinthians-3.html. 1857-67.