corner graphic   Hi,    
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to

Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
1 Samuel 9



Verse 1

man. Hebrew. "ish. App-14.

Kish. Compare 1 Samuel 14:51. 1 Chronicles 8:33; 1 Chronicles 9:39. For the difficulties of the genealogy, see note on 1 Chronicles 8:33.

a Benjamite. As was Saul of Tarsus (Philippians 1:3, Philippians 1:5).

mighty man. Hebrew. gibbor. App-14.

Verse 2

Saul. Many points of resemblance and contrast with Saul of Tarsus.

Name = Asked for: i.e. by man.

children = sons.

Verse 3

lost. Contrast David, who had charge of his father"s "sheep", and "kept them "(1 Samuel 16:11); with Saul, who lost his father"s "asses" (1 Samuel 9:3).

servants = young men. Tradition says "Doeg". Compare 1 Samuel 21:7.

Verse 4

he. Some codices, with Septuagint and Vulgate, read "they", as in 1 Samuel 9:6.

mount = the hill country of.

take thought = be anxious. Compare Matthew 6:25, Matthew 6:27, Matthew 6:28, Matthew 6:31, Matthew 6:34.

Verse 6

Behold. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6.

man of God = God"s man: i.e. a prophet, because God"s spokesman. See App-49. (Hebrew. "ish and Elohim)

man. Hebrew. "ish. App-14.

God. Hebrew. Elohim. App-4. Literally "the God".

Verse 7

present. Hebrew. teshurah. Occurs only here. It is from shur, to behold. Hence, that which procures and secures an interview, or sight of the person sought.

Verse 8

shekel. See App-51.

that will I give. Septuagint reads "which thou canst give".

Verse 9

Beforetime. Note the parenthesis.

seer. Hebrew. ro"eh = a seer of visions. Another name for seer was chozeh, which referred rather to spiritual apprehension of what was seen. In 1 Chronicles 29:29 all three words occur in the same verse.

Prophet. Hebrew. nab"i = one who spoke for or was moved by God.

Verse 10

let. Some codices, with one early printed edition, and Septuagint, read "and let".

Verse 11

up the hill = by the ascent of.

Verse 12

of = by. Genitive of Instrument. See App-17.

the high place. In Numbers 21:19 = Bamoth-Baal. Shiloh was now forsaken. No "place" within the meaning of Deut 12. Compare 1 Samuel 7:10, 1 Samuel 7:17.

Verse 14

out against = opposite, so as to meet them.

Verse 15

the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4.

told Samuel in his ear = opened or uncovered the ear of Samuel.

a = one.

Verse 16

captain = leader.

My people. Aramaean and Syriac read "the oppression". In that case the Figure of speech Ellipsis should be supplied after it, "of My People" being implied.

Verse 17

reign = control, restrain, or rule.

Verse 18

in the gate. Hebrew "in the midst of the gate": i.e. the open place near the gate where judgment was given.

Verse 20

mind. Hebrew "heart " = "do not regard them".

Verse 21

Am not I . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis. App-6.

the smallest. Very true, since the events recorded in Judges 20:35.

so to me = according to this word.

Verse 24

left! = reserved.

Verse 27

the word of God. First occurrence of this expression. "Word of Jehovah "frequent from Genesis 15:1.

God = Elohim. App-4. Creation relationship.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 9:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, December 2nd, 2020
the First Week of Advent
Commentary Navigator
Search This Commentary
Enter query in the box below
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology