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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
1 Timothy 1



Other Authors
Verse 1

apostle. App-189. See Philippians 1:1, Philippians 1:1.

Jesus Christ. App-98. Most texts read "Christ Jesus".

by. App-104.

commandment. Greek. epitage. See Romans 16:26.

God. App-98.

Saviour. God is called "Saviour", here, 1 Timothy 2:3. Luke 1:47. Titus 1:3; Titus 2:10; Titus 3:4. Jude 1:25, Elsewhere the title is used of the Lord Jesus Christ.

Lord. The texts omit.

Jesus Christ. The texts read "Christ. Jesus". App-98.

which is. Read "Who is".

hope, Compare vol. 1, 5, 23, 27. Titus 2:13.

Verse 2

Unto = To.

own. Greek. gesios. See 2 Corinthians 8:8.

son. App-108.

in. App-104.

faith. App-110.

Grace, mercy, and peace. This salutation is peculiar to the Epistles to Timothy and Titus.

Grace. App-184. from. App-104.

Father. App-98.

Jesus Christ. Read "Christ Jesus".

Lord. App-98.

Verse 3

besought. App-134.

abide. Greek. prosmeno See Acts 11:23.

at. App-104.

into. App-104.

that = in order that. Greek. hina

charge. Greek. parangello. See Acts 1:4.

some, App-124.

that they, &c. = not (App-105) to teach otherwise (Greek. heterodidaskaleo. Only here and 1 Timothy 6:3).

Verse 4

Neither. Greek. mede.

fables. Greek. muthos. Occurs also 1 Timothy 4:7. 2 Timothy 4:4. Titus 1:14, 2 Peter 1:16.

endless. Greek. aperantos. App-151.

genealogies. Greek. genealogia Only here and Titus 3:9. Referring to the list of emanations of AEONS according to the Gnostics.

questions. Greek. zetesis. See Acts 25:20. All the occ, of the word show what questions occupy the natural mind.

godly edifying = dispensation (Gn oikonomia, 1 Corinthians 9:17) of God (1 Timothy 1:1). A few texts read oikodome, as 1 Corinthians 14:3, 1 Corinthians 14:5, 1 Corinthians 14:12.

Verse 5

commandment. Greek. perengelia. See Acts 5:28.

charity. App-135.

out of. App-104, good conscience. See Acts 23:1.

unfeigned. Greek. anupokritos. See Romans 12:9.

Verse 6

having swerved. Greek. astocheo. Elsewhere, 1 Timothy 6:21. 2 Timothy 2:18.

have. Omit,

turned aside. Greek. ektrepowai. Elsewhere, 5, 15; 1 Timothy 6:20. 2 Timothy 4:4. Hebrews 12:13.

unto. App-104.

vain jangling. Greek. mataiologia. Only here. Compare Titus 1:10.

Verse 7

Desiring. App-102.

teachers of the law. Greek. nomodidaskalos. See Luke 5:17.

understanding, &c, There are double negatives in this phrase, me at the beginning, and mete, mete, neither, nor.

whereof = concerning (App-104.) what.

affirm. Greek. diabebaioomai. Only here and Titus 3:8.

Verse 8

know. App-132.

if, App-118.

a man. Greek. tis. App-123.

lawfully. Gr nomimos Only here and 2 Timothy 2:5.

Verse 9

not. App-105.

made = appointed.

righteous. App-191.

lawless. App-128.

disobedient = not under subjection,

undisciplined. Greek. anupotaktos. Here; Titus 1:6, Titus 1:10. Hebrews 2:8.

ungodly. Greek. asebes See Romans 4:5.

sinners. Greek. hamartalos. Compare App-128.

unholy. Greek. anosios Here and 2 Timothy 3:2. Contrast Acts 2:21.

profane. Gr bebelos. Here, 1 Timothy 4:4; 1 Timothy 6:20. 2 Timothy 2:16. Hebrews 12:16.

murderers, &c. Greek. patraloas . . . metratoas. Only here.

man Greek. androphones. Only here.

Verse 10

them that, &c. Greek. arsenokoites. See 1 Corinthians 6:9,

men. Greek. andropodistes. Only here.

perjured persons. Greek. epiorkos. Only here

if App-118.

there be. Omit

other. App-124.

that. Omit.

sound. Greek. hugiaino, See Luke 5:31.

Verse 11

According to. App-104.

glorious gospel = gospel (App-140) of the glory (p. 1511). Compare 2 Corinthians 4:4.

blessed. Only in this epistle is "blessed" (or happy), Greek. makarios, applied to God, here and 1 Timothy 6:15.

which, &c. = with which I was entrusted. App-150.

Verse 12

And. Omit.

thank. Literally I have thanks (App-184.) to.

Christ Jesus. App-98.

bath. Omit.

enabled. Greek. endanamoe. See Acts 9:22.

faithful App-160.

ministry. App-190.

Verse 13

persecutor. Greek. dioktes. Only here.

injurious = an insulter. Greek. hubristes. Only here and Romans 1:30.

obtained mercy. Compare 1 Corinthians 1:26. 2 Corinthians 4:1.

ignorantly = not knowing. Compare Luke 23:34. Acts 3:17.

Verse 14

was exceeding, &c. = abounded over all. Greek. husperpleonazo. Only here. Compare Romans 5:20.

with. App-104.

love. Same as "charity", 1 Timothy 1:5.

Verse 15

saying. App-121. This is the first of five "faithful sayings" in the Pastoral Epistles. Compare 1 Timothy 3:1; 1 Timothy 4:9. 2 Timothy 2:11, Titus 3:8, Compare Revelation 21:5; Revelation 22:6.

acceptation. Greek. apodoche. Only here and 1 Timothy 4:9. world. App-129.

chief. Greek. protos. Here "foremost", i.e. first in position.

Verse 16

for this cause = on account of (App-104. 1 Timothy 1:2) this.

first. See "chief", 1 Timothy 1:16.

for. App-104.

pattern. Greek. hupotuposis. Only here and a Tim. 1 Timothy 1:13.

to = of.

should hereafter = are about to.

believe on. App-150

to. App-104. life. App-110.

everlasting. App-161. Paul was converted through the visible appearance of the Lord from heaven, Others will be (Zechariah 12:10).

Verse 17

King eternal = King of the ages (App-151.) The some expression Occurs in the Greek text of Tobit 13.6, 10, and the "God of the ages", Thes ton anionon, in Ecclesiastes 36:17. Compare Isaiah 9:6. Jeremiah 10:10.

immortal. Greek. aphtharlos. See Romans 1:23. Compare, 1 Timothy 6:16.

invisible. Greek. aorates. See Romans 1:20. Compare 1 Timothy 6:16. Exodus 33:20. John 1:18. Colossians 1:15, Hebrews 11:27.

wise. The texts omit, the word having crept in from Romans 16:27.

honour and glory. These words are coupled together in Hebrews 2:7, Hebrews 2:9; 2 Peter 1:17. Revelation 4:9, Revelation 4:11; Revelation 5:12, Revelation 5:13; Revelation 19:1, in describing Divine glory, and in reference to man in Romans 2:7, Romans 2:10. Revelation 21:24, Revelation 21:26.

glory. See p. 1511.

for ever and ever. App-151.

Verse 18

charge. Same as "commandment", 1 Timothy 1:5.

commit. Greek. paratithemi. See Acts 17:3.

which went before = going before. Compare 1 Timothy 4:14.

on. App-104. by, App-104.

war. Greek. strateuomai. See 1 Corinthians 9:7.

a = the.

warfare. Greek. strateia. Only here and 2 Corinthians 10:4. This clause exhibits the Figs, Paronomasia and Polyptoton, App-6. Greek. strateue strateian,

Verse 19

put away = thrust away. Greek. apdtheemai. See Acts 7:27.

concerning. App-104.

faith = the faith (1 Timothy 1:2).

have. Omit,

made shipwreck. Greek. nauageo. Only here and 2 Corinthians 11:25.

Verse 20

Hymenaeus. Compare 2 Timothy 2:17, 2 Timothy 2:18.

Alexander, Compare 2 Timothy 4:14, 2 Timothy 4:15.

have. Omit.

delivered. Greek. paradidomi. See John 19:30.

Satan. Compare e Cor. 1 Timothy 5:5.

not. App-106. as in 1 Timothy 1:7.


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 1 Timothy 1:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

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