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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
2 Corinthians 4



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Verse 1

Therefore = On account of (Greek. dia. App-104. 2 Corinthians 4:2) this.

seeing we have = having.

ministry. Greek. diakonia App-190.

have. Omit.

received mercy. Compare 1 Corinthians 7:25.

faint. Greek. ekkakeo. Occurs: 2 Corinthians 4:16, Luke 18:1 (which see). Galatians 1:6, Galatians 1:9. Ephesians 3:13. 2 Thessalonians 3:13.

not. Greek. ou. App-105.

Verse 2

renounced. Greek. apeipon. Only here.

the hidden, &c. = the shameful secret things. This is the Figure of speech Antieoereia. App-6.

dishonesty = shame. Greek. aischune. Always translated "shame", except here. Luke 14:9. Philippians 1:3, Philippians 1:19. Hebrews 12:2. Jude 1:19. Revelation 3:18.

not. Greek. me. App-105.

in. Greek. en. App-104.

craftiness. See Luke 20:23

nor. Greek mede,

handling . . . deceitfully. Greek. doloo. Only here.

word. Greek. logos. App-121.

God. App-98.

manifestation. Greek. phanerosis. See 1 Corinthians 12:7. commending. See 2 Corinthians 3:1.

to. Greek pros. App-104.

every man"s conscience. Lit, every conscience of men (Greek. anthropos. App-123.1).

Verse 3

if. App-118.

gospel, Compare App-140.

hid = hid (Greek. kaluptd, to cover or veil) also. Compare James 5:20. 1 Peter 4:8, and See 2 Corinthians 3:13-16.

hid. Same verb.

to = in. Greek. en.

lost = perishing. Greek. apollumi. See 1 Corinthians 1:1.

Verse 4

god. App-98.

world = age. Greek. aion. App-129. Compare John 12:31; John 14:30; John 16:11; where, however, world is kosmos (App-129.)

minds. Greek. noema. See 2 Corinthians 2:11,

them, &c. = the unbelieving. Greek. apistos. Compare App-150.

lest, &c. = to (Greek. eie. App-104.) the end that the light . . . should not (Greek. me as in 2 Corinthians 4:2).

light = illumination. Greek. photismos. App-130. glorious

gospel = gospel (or good news) of the glory. Compare 1 Timothy 1:11. Titus 2:13. See App-140.

Christ = the Christ. App-98.

image. See 2 Corinthians 3:18. Co 2 Corinthians 1:1, 2 Corinthians 1:15. Hebrews 1:3 (charakter).

shine. Greek. augazo. Only here. Compare apaugasma, Hebrews 1:3.

unto them. The texts omit,

Verse 5

preach. Greek. kerusso. App-121.

Christ Jesus. App-9.

the Lord = as Lord. App-96. Compare Romans 10:9.

servants. Greek doulos. App-190.

for, &c. = on account of (Greek. dia App-104) Jesus (App-98).

Verse 6

commanded. Literally spoke. Compare Genesis 1:3.

light. Greek. phos. App-130.

out of. Greek. ek, App-104.

give the light = the illumination. Greek photismos, as in 2 Corinthians 4:4.

knowledge. Greek. gnosis. App-132.

Jesus Christ. App-98. XL The texts omit "Jesus".

Verse 7

earthen. Greek. ostrakinos Only here and 2 Timothy 2:20. From ostrakon, a potsherd. Compare App-94. Treasure in the East is often hidden in the earth and in a potter"s vessel to protect from damp, &c. Compare Jeremiah 32:14.

that = Go order that. Greek. hina,

excellency. Greek. huperbole. Compare 2 Corinthians 12:7 (abundance).

power. Greek. dunamis. App-172.

of = out of. Greek. eh. App-104. It does not emanate from us. "of God" is the possessive case. The power net only emanates from God, but belongs to Him. Heoes not part with it.

Verse 8

troubled = afflicted, Greek. thlibo. See 2 Corinthians 1:6.

on every side = in (Greek. en) every thing.

distressed. Greek. stenochoreomai, Only here and 2 Corinthians 6:12, where it is translated "straitened". The Syriac rends "suffocated", referring probably to a wrestler who is compressed by his antagonist.

perplexed. Greek apareomai. Not knowing which way to turn. See Acts 25:20.

in despair. Greek. exaporeomai. See 2 Corinthians 1:8.

Verse 9

forsaken = abandoned. Greek. enkataleipo. See Acts 2:27.

cast down. Greek. kataballo. Only here, Hebrews 6:1. Revelation 12:10.

destroyed. Greek. apollumi, as in 2 Corinthians 4:3. Notice the four"note" in these two verses. Fig, Mesodiplosis. App-6.

Verse 10

Always. App-151. to. i.

bearing about. Greek. periphero. Mark 6:55. Ephesians 4:14, Hebrews 13:9. Jude 1:12.

dying. Greek. nekrosis. Only here and Romans 4:19. It means the condition of a corpse. It was his constant experience. See next verse.

Lord. The texts omit,

life. Greek. zoe. App-170.

made manifest. Greek. phaneroo. App-106.

Verse 11

which live, Literally the living. Greek. zao. Compare App-170.

alway. App-151.

delivered. Greek. paredidomi. See John 19:30.

unto. Greek. eis. App-104.

mortal. Gr. thnetos. See Romans 6:12.

Verse 12

worketh. Greek. energeo. See Romans 7:5.

Verse 13

spirit. App-101.

faith. App-160. It is the Genitive of Apposition (App-17) faith being the Spirit"s gift. 1 Corinthians 12:9.

according as, &c. = according to (Greek. kata. App-104) that which has been written.

believed. App-150.

and. Omit,

have I spoken = I

spoke. Greek. laleo. App-121.

and therefore speak = therefore we also speak.

Verse 14

Knowing. Greek. oida App-132.

raised up. Greek. egeiro. App-178.

Lord. App-98.

by = through. Greek. dia, but the texts read "with", Greek. sun.

with. Greek. sun. App-104.

Verse 15

for your sakes = on account of (Greek. dia. App-104. 2 Corinthians 4:2) you.

abundant = abounding. Greek. pleonazo. See Romans 5:20

grace. Greek charis. App-184.

through. Greek. eis. App-104, 2 Corinthians 4:1.

thanksgiving. Greek. eucharistia. See Acts 24:3. Compare 2 Corinthians 1:11.

many = the majority, es in 2 Corinthians 2:6,

redound = over flow, or excel. Greek. periaaseo

to. Greek. eis. App-104.

Verse 16

For which cause = Therefore.

though = even if. App-118.

outward (Greek. exo) man (Greek. anthropos, App-123.) This expression Occurs only here. It is one of the rearms of the old nature. Compare Romans 6:6. 1 Corinthians 2:14. Ephesians 4:22. Colossians 3:9.

perish = is corrupted or destroyed, Greek diaphtheire. Occurs elsewhere, Luke 12:33, 1 Timothy 6:5. Revelation 8:9; Revelation 11:1.

inward. Greek. eadthen. In Romans 7:22. Ephesians 3:16, the word is eso.

renewed. Greek. anakainoo Only here and Colossians 3:10.

Verse 17

our light, &c. Literally the momentary lightness of our affliction.

light. Greek. elaphros. Only here and Matthew 11:30. Compare "lightness", 2 Corinthians 1:17.

affliction. Greek. thlipsis as in 2 Corinthians 1:4. Compare the verb, 2 Corinthians 4:8.

for a moment. Greek. parautika. Only here.

worketh. Greek. katergazomai. To work out. See Romans 7:8.

far more exceeding. Literally according to (Greek. kata. App-104,) excess unto (Greek. eis. App-104.) excess. The Greek for "excess" is hyperbole, as in 2 Corinthians 4:7.

eternal. Greek. aionios. App-161. B, i.

weight. Greek. baros. See Acts 16:24.

Verse 18

look. Greek. skopeo. See Luke 11:35.

seen. Greek. blepo. App-133.:6.

temporal = temporary, for a season. Greek. proskairos, Only here, Matthew 13:21. Mark 4:17. Hebrews 11:25.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Corinthians 4:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

Lectionary Calendar
Monday, November 23rd, 2020
the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
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