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Sunday, July 21st, 2024
the Week of Proper 11 / Ordinary 16
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Bible Commentaries
2 Corinthians 4

Smith's Bible CommentarySmith's Commentary

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Verses 1-18

Chapter 4

Therefore seeing we have this ministry ( 2 Corinthians 4:1 ),

What ministry? Pointing people to Jesus Christ.

as we have received mercy, we faint not; But [we] have renounced the hidden things of dishonesty, not walking in craftiness, nor handling the word of God deceitfully; but by manifestation of the truth commending ourselves to every man's conscience in the sight of God ( 2 Corinthians 4:1-2 ).

Paul said, "Look, I am not seeking to be crafty. I'm not seeking to give some kind of a hype." Get people all hyped up emotionally and all. Handling the word of God in a crafty manner or deceitfully. But "by the manifestation of truth commending ourselves to every man's conscience in the sight of God."

I had lunch today with some people from Israel, and the man sitting next to me at lunch said, "You know, I first became acquainted with you when you were on television on Channel 13." He said, "One morning as I tuned in, I saw you standing there. I saw the menorah behind you and," he said, "you were teaching from the Old Testament. And he said, "I called my wife and said, 'Look, here's a rabbi that doesn't wear his yamaka. He must be a reformed rabbi.'" And he said, "I started listening to your program every Sunday, started watching." And he said, "You were so unlike so many of the other ministers that are on TV." He said, "So many of these Christian TV programs insult my intelligence. All of the hype and all of the emotionalism." He said, "It insults my intelligence." But he said, "You gave me something to think about and you started me thinking in many areas."

This is what Paul is saying of his own ministry. "I was straightforward with you. I didn't try and give some hype. I didn't try and use the word of God deceitfully. I renounced those hidden things of dishonesty. I didn't walk in craftiness." And believe me, there's a lot of crafty fellows out there. They've existed from the time of the beginning of the church and, unfortunately, they still exist today.

I do receive some of the most craftily written computerized letters you ever saw in your life. Every kind of gimmick you could ever think of. If I'll just send in five dollars or ten dollars or fifteen dollars or go to the bank and borrow fifty dollars to get them out of the jam that they're in right now, then I'll get a little square inch of the prayer rug where they kneel to pray for me.

Paul said, "We have renounced these hidden things of dishonesty, not walking in craftiness, or handling the word of God deceitfully, but by the demonstrating of the truth commending ourselves in every man's conscience in the sight of God."

Now, there were those who were saying that Paul was preaching mysteries that you could not understand. The gospel that Paul preaches is hid. And so Paul answered them in a very clever way.

But if our gospel be hid, it is hid to them that are lost ( 2 Corinthians 4:3 ):

They're the ones that can't see it.

In whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them ( 2 Corinthians 4:4 ).

A very interesting passage of scripture, and one that we'd like to spend just a little time with you tonight. Because I think it's a key that's going to help in your praying for your loved ones who are not saved.

As we mentioned earlier, we have been created in the image of God, and one of God's characteristics is that He is self-determinate. That is, He has a will and the capacity to exercise His will. The power of choice. And God created you in His image and gave to you the power of self-determination so that you can determine your own destiny. And you do determine your own destiny. Having given us the power of choice, it was necessary that God then respect the choices that we make. The moment God would no longer respect my choice but force me to do something against my will, then I am not really a self-determinate creature. So, for this self-determination to be valid, it was necessary that God respect the choices that I make and that there be an opportunity to make a choice.

So, God gave the opportunity for Adam to make a choice, and then God did respect the choice that He made. So with you. You can choose to love God, or you can choose not to love God. You have that choice. You make the choice and God must respect that choice, or else it is a fallacy that God has given you choice.

Therefore, if God respects the choices that a man makes, I really cannot pray, "Oh God, please save John." Unless John himself asks the Lord for salvation, he can't be saved. And for God to save John against his choice would be violating his choice, which again destroys the whole purpose in giving us choice. That sort of creates a dilemma in praying for the lost, except this verse gives us the answer. "Those who are lost, who believe not." We are told here that, "the god of this world, being Satan, has blinded their eyes or the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is in the image of God, should shine to them."

Now why is it that John doesn't believe in Jesus Christ? Because his mind has been blinded by Satan to the truth. He doesn't really see the truth of this glorious salvation that God is offering. Satan has prejudiced and poisoned his mind against God. Satan is holding him in a spell. Now, though God respects our choices, Satan doesn't. He could care less that you have the power of choice. If he has the opportunity, he's going to hold you, and he will blind your mind to the truth. And he will fill your mind with poison and prejudice against God and the things of God so that it is impossible for you to think rationally about your relationship with God through Jesus Christ.

Have you ever noticed how some people are so gracious and gentle and they can talk to you rationally on any subject in the world, except that of the gospel of Jesus Christ? Talk to them about the Ram's chances next year. Oh, they can go on for hours. Talk to them about fishing in Alaska. Talk to them about the Hawaiian Islands. Talk to them about the space shuttle. Name your subject, oh, they're so gracious. They'll talk so graciously to you. They can go on and on. Bring up the subject of Jesus Christ, and they become totally irrational. "I don't like to talk about that subject. I don't think people ought to discuss things like that." Totally irrational. Why? Because Satan has put such a hold upon their lives.

Paul, writing to Timothy said, "That we might take them from the captivity of the enemy, who is holding them captive against their will" ( 2 Timothy 2:26 ). He doesn't respect choice. The god of this world has blinded their minds.

So Jesus said, "Whatsoever things you bind on earth will be bound in heaven: and whatsoever things you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven" ( Matthew 16:19 ). So, the way to pray for your loved ones who are not saved is to pray that God will bind that work of Satan that has blinded their mind and is holding them captive. That God will bind Satan's work in their life that have prejudiced and poisoned their minds against the Gospel, in order that they may be able to consider the truth of God without this ungodly pressure from Satan.

For any man who will rationally look at the offer that God has made in Jesus Christ is a fool if he doesn't accept it. But the reason why they don't accept it is they can't accept it, because of Satan's power that is holding them into captivity of the enemy. And so we, through prayer, can set them free from Satan's power, and once set free from this blinding influence of Satan upon their minds, I don't know of anybody who just doesn't accept this gracious offer that God has made to us through Jesus Christ.

So, make that the direction of your prayer. The binding of the power of Satan that has blinded their minds and that is holding them captive. And "whatsoever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven." God will bind that power of Satan. God will take away the blinders that he has put over their mind, and they'll be able to see rationally and clearly the offer that God has made to us through Jesus Christ. And then loose that work of the Holy Spirit and the conviction of the Holy Spirit upon their hearts and that drawing of the Holy Spirit of their hearts to Jesus Christ.

You can't just say, "O Lord, save him." God will not save them against their will. There has to come the change of will and that desire in their heart and that asking of God for salvation. And "whosoever comes unto me," Jesus said, "I will in no wise cast out" ( John 6:37 ). So, our prayers are to set them free so that they can see.

Paul said,

For we preach not ourselves, but Jesus Christ the Lord; and ourselves your servants for Jesus' sake ( 2 Corinthians 4:5 ).

I will leave the exposition of that, because I could get quite involved.

For God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness ( 2 Corinthians 4:6 ),

"In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved over the face of the waters. And God said, 'Let there be light,' and there was light" ( Genesis 1:1-4 ). By His divine quiet, God called light into existence, and God saw the light that it was good. And God divided the light.

Interesting statements if taken in the scientific context, which we are not intending to do tonight. But God who commanded the light to shine out of darkness.

And God said, "Yahiyar, Wa-yahiyar Let there be light." Or literally, "Light be, and light was." I like that. And God said, "Light be, and light was." Oh, that kind of power excites me. God commanded the light to shine out of darkness. And now He,

hath shined in our hearts ( 2 Corinthians 4:6 ),

Which were once blinded by Satan. Hearts that were in darkness, alienated from God, but now the God who called the light to shine out of darkness has shined in our hearts.

to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ ( 2 Corinthians 4:6 ).

"We, with open faces beholding the glory of the Lord." And this glory is in the face of Jesus Christ.

But we have this treasure in earthen vessels, that the excellency of the power may be of God, and not of us ( 2 Corinthians 4:7 ).

God has taken one of the most glorious treasures that any . . . well, it is the most glorious treasure any man can possess. The light of the knowledge and the understanding of Jesus Christ is the most glorious treasure any of you could ever have. Because that's eternal life. That's the treasure of eternal life. The most valuable thing that any man can possess, that eternal life through Jesus Christ.

"For what will it profit a man, if he would gain the whole world, and lose his own soul? What can a man give in exchange for a soul?" ( Mark 8:36-37 ) You see, what you possess in your knowledge of Jesus Christ, the light and the understanding of Jesus Christ that God has wrought to you is the most valuable thing you could ever have. The valuable treasure of God. What does He put it in? "We have this glorious treasure in earthen vessels," or in clay pots, our bodies, this old earthen vessel. This old clay pot becomes the dwelling place of the eternal God. That Christ might dwell in your hearts. "In that day you shall know that I am in the Father, and ye are in me, and I am in you" ( John 14:20 ). This glorious treasure, the light of the gospel, dwelling in these clay pots. God takes the most valuable thing and puts it in the cheapest thing, a clay pot. What's more common than a clay pot, in those days especially?

Today we fire them up a little more and paint them a little more and they become, sometimes, treasures in our cupboard. But in those days, these just reddish clay pots all over the place. God's taken this glorious treasure and put it in this earthen vessel. Why? "That the excellency of the glory may be of God, and not of us."

Isn't it stupid for man to glory in himself? To glory in the clay pot rather than in the contents? Norman Grub, in his book, The Deep Things of God, makes the statement that man's highest capacity is that of being a vessel containing God. The fact that God will dwell in you. Man's highest capacity, a vessel that can contain the eternal God. I read the book; I was impressed by that statement. I thrilled at his exposition of that concept, but then I got to thinking about it, and I thought, "No, he's wrong. That is not the highest capacity of man."

There is one capacity that excels that. And that is the capacity of being a channel through which God will flow to a world around you. One thing to contain God. Glorious, oh my, yes. No underestimating of the glory of being able to contain God. But oh, one step further: when God, through me, pours forth His love to the world around me, and this glorious treasure that I have is shared with others. And that work of God's Spirit within my life flows out that others might benefit from that work of God in me. When the subjective work becomes objective. When it is no longer God's work in me, but now God's work through me. Then I've reached my highest capacity.

This earthen vessel. There's no value in the vessel at all. The value is in the contents being held by the vessel. And as I pour forth the contents, I must be careful that the contents do not taste of me. That I don't get a lot of my personality into the teaching, into the contents that come forth. But that I bring forth the contents in as pure a form as I possibly can.

Have you ever had a plastic vessel in your refrigerator that, at sometimes, maybe you put an onion in it and now you're keeping water in it, every time you drink water you get an onion taste? Yuck! When I drink water, I don't want to taste onions. Now, onions in their place are great and I love them. But not in flavored drinking water. And when the vessel begins to give off a taste of itself, it's time to get rid of the vessel.

God did that which was almost ludicrous. Putting the most valuable treasure in a common vessel in order that man would not become enamored of the vessel, but would be enamored only of the contents, only of God and the work of God through the vessel. "That the glory of the excellency might be of God, and not of us."

So, as Paul declared, "We preach not ourselves, but Christ." And that should be the theme of every minister, "We preach not ourselves, but Christ." And we seek to draw men to Christ, and we seek to bring men the contents, the value and the treasure in Jesus Christ, rather than bringing to them the old clay pot. The moment we start trying to bring them an old clay pot, you can be sure God's going to crack it and you become a crackpot. And I've seen a few of those.

They've got one on TV now. I mean, that pot's really cracked.

We are troubled on every side ( 2 Corinthians 4:8 ),

Now Paul's talking about the ministry. "Troubled on every side." God doesn't promise you immunity from trouble. In fact, He sort of promises you trouble. "In this world you're going to have tribulation" ( John 16:33 ). "They that live godly in Christ Jesus shall suffer persecution" ( 2 Timothy 3:12 ). Promises that I hate. Or promises I love. But then there are those I don't care for. I wish God had never promised me that. "We are troubled on every side,"

yet [we're] not distressed ( 2 Corinthians 4:8 );

You see, as a servant of God, as a child of God, you can be facing, and you will face a lot of trouble, but you should never be distressed.

we are perplexed ( 2 Corinthians 4:8 ),

And a lot of times we don't know what to do. A lot of times we are perplexed by the situation. We don't know what the solution or the answer is, but we don't despair.

And there's a big difference between being perplexed and despairing. Despairing is when you throw up your hands, "Oh, I think it's the end of . . . how will I ever get out of this?" And you just give up. "Now we're perplexed. I don't know how God's going to work this thing out. This is interesting to see what God is going to do now. Man, I don't know where God can go at this point. I don't know what He can possibly do. But I'm sure excited on just waiting to see what He's going to do." You see, I'm perplexed,

but [I'm] not in despair ( 2 Corinthians 4:8 ).

I'm not ringing my hands and saying, "Oh, friends, I'm sorry to tell you this, but this is the end. We're going off the air and we're not going to be able to come back unless you send in your letters this week." And you that are listening on the radio, that's all tongue in cheek. Jesus said, "The poor you have with you always" ( Matthew 26:11 ). We'll be back.

[We are] persecuted, but [we are] not forsaken ( 2 Corinthians 4:9 );

The Lord stands by us in every trial.

[we are] cast down, but [we're] not destroyed ( 2 Corinthians 4:9 );

So, the things which we have, but the things which we don't have. Trouble, yes. But not distress. Perplexity, oh yes. But not despair. Persecution, oh yes. But never forsaken. Cast down, yes. But never destroyed.

Always bearing about in the body the dying of the Lord Jesus, that the life also of Jesus might be made manifest in our body ( 2 Corinthians 4:10 ).

Now you remember at the beginning of the letter, Paul was apologizing to the Corinthians because he didn't come, and he said, "It wasn't fickleness on my part." But he hinted to some real physical problems that he had had. He had gone through some heavy persecution where he actually figured it was the end. He didn't see any way out. He thought that this was it, and he despaired of life. He figured, "Well, you know, I'm never going to get out of this." And having gone through this severe persecutions, it probably had a physical effect upon him and left him extremely weak.

And so, he speaks about bearing about in his body the dying of the Lord Jesus Christ. That suffering that he had experienced for the cause of Christ. The persecutions, the beatings, the stonings, "bearing in my body the dying of the Lord Jesus, that the life also of Jesus might be made manifest in our body."

For we which live are always delivered unto death for Jesus' sake, that the life also of Jesus might be made manifest in our mortal flesh. So then death worketh in us, but life in you. We having the same spirit of faith, according as it is written, I believed, and therefore have I spoken; we also believe, and therefore [we] speak; Knowing that he which raised up the Lord Jesus shall raise up us also by Jesus, and shall present us with you ( 2 Corinthians 4:11-14 ).

So, that same Spirit that raised Christ from the dead is going to raise us up and present us to you.

For all things are for your sakes, that the abundant grace through the thanksgiving of many may redound to the glory of God ( 2 Corinthians 4:15 ).

So, the suffering that Paul mentioned in the lesson last week, the afflictions, the sufferings, the persecutions. As Paul said, "They are for your sakes, that I might comfort you with the comfort that I received, that I may be able to comfort you in your sufferings, in your trials, in your testings. I experience these things for your sake." And so again, "My sufferings, my weaknesses, they're for your sake."

It is interesting to me that suffering brings out a depth of character that nothing else can produce within a person. G. Campbell Morgan spoke of a young man who came and ministered at his church, a very brilliant young man. And he said he went home after service and he was remarking to his wife concerning the brilliant message that was delivered that morning by the young man. And his wife said, "He'll be better after he suffers." And G. Campbell Morgan commented, "And this young man went through much suffering, and he was better."

Suffering does something in causing the roots to go deep. It develops character. It develops strength like nothing else I know. And Paul the apostle here, speaking of how the suffering that he went through actually redounded to their glory. "You have benefited." And no doubt this is true. The depth of character that was created in Paul as the result of his suffering, the church was able to benefit from that which he developed and received in his sufferings for Jesus Christ. He was able then to minister in such a much more effective way as the result of the sufferings that he experienced.

Now, we are chickens when it comes to suffering. You remember when Jesus began to tell His disciples how that the Son of Man must suffer at the hands of men, that Peter immediately cried out, "Lord, be that far from Thee." In other translation more accurate is, "Lord, spare Yourself." "Don't do it!" That is the voice of the natural man that would cry, "Spare Yourself." In fact, Jesus recognized it as the voice of Satan, and He said, "Get thee behind me, Satan: for you don't understand the things that are of God" ( Matthew 16:22 , Matthew 16:23 ).

Peter tells us, much to the chagrin of some of the modern-day evangelists, that "if any man suffers according to the will of God, that he should just commit his soul unto Him who is faithful" ( 1 Peter 4:19 ). Yes, you can suffer according to the will of God, and through that suffering, God can develop within you a depth of character that cannot be developed any other way.

Some people from which I draw the most are those people who have had a lot of suffering in their lives, for I find in them an interesting depth that excels anything I've ever seen. And I can receive from them and I can draw from them, because of the richness that has been developed through suffering.

And so, Paul looks at his own suffering as for the benefit of the people. That it was "for your sake that the abundant grace through the thanksgiving might redound to the glory of God."

For which cause we faint not; but though our outward man perish ( 2 Corinthians 4:16 ),

The old outward man, hey, he's been through it: beaten, kicked, stoned, the whole bit.

yet the inward man is renewed day by day ( 2 Corinthians 4:16 ).

We've been through an awful lot, but oh, the strength of character that it has built within as the inward man. The old man on the outside, hey, he's going downhill fast. But the inward man being renewed day by day with the strength of the Lord.

For our light affliction ( 2 Corinthians 4:17 ),

And now, notice the contrast here, and they're beautiful. "Our light affliction,"

which is but for a moment ( 2 Corinthians 4:17 ),

Now, that's not the way it appears. Whenever I am suffering, it seems like eternity. I mean, hours drag. Ever been really sick at night? Have you ever realized how long a night is? You know, when you're feeling well and you're tired and you're going to sleep, it's amazing how short a night is. "Morning already? Oh, I can't believe it, you know." But if you're sick, night can spread on for almost eternity. You look at the clock, "Only ten minutes since the last time I looked? I can't believe it! When is it going to be morning, you know." Suffering has a way of expanding time.

But what if I suffered for fifty years? As far as God is concerned, that's just a moment if you compare it with eternity. "Our light afflictions, which are but for a moment." For you see, what is life? It is but a vapor. It only appears a moment and then vanishes. If you suffer all your life, it is still but a moment in comparison with eternity. In fact, you can't even compare it to eternity, because you have the finite and you have the infinite.

And there's no grounds for comparison of the finite to the infinite. It isn't even as a drop of water in all of the oceans of the seas, because you are comparing finite with finite. There is a certain number of drops in all of the oceans in all of the seas. But when you get to eternity, you've come to the infinite, and thus, you cannot draw any comparisons that can compare a finite with the infinite. So, "Our light affliction which is but for a moment,"

worketh for us a far more exceeding and eternal weight of glory ( 2 Corinthians 4:17 );

The eternal weight of glory compared with this light affliction, which is, but for a moment. Now, what we need to do is to get our eyes upon the eternal. Our problem is that we are looking so often at the temporal. We are looking at these afflictions, and we are getting so involved in the present material surroundings that I lose sight of the eternal. The light affliction is only for a moment. But God has an eternity planned for you.

An eternity of glory that is indescribable. An eternity that so far exceeds anything that we could ever think or dream in glory, in beauty, in wonder, in awe, in blessing, in joy, in love. God's eternal plan for you. This light affliction is just a moment; it's going to pass. Life is going to pass so quickly. Don't live for now. Live forever. Don't do all of your planning for just right now. Get involved in the eternal. Paul said,

While we look not at the things which are seen ( 2 Corinthians 4:18 ),

This old outward man that is perishing. These light afflictions, which Paul says light afflictions, but when he lists them, hey, I feel like the author of Hebrews, "Hey, you haven't yet resisted unto blood, you know, striving for Jesus Christ. Let me see your bruises. Let me see your scars. You know, where did they beat you?"

Read what Paul endured for the gospel of Jesus Christ, and yet he says, "These light afflictions." "In stripes above measure." That is, stripes laid on my back. "Frequently in prison, faced death many times. Of the Jews, five times I received forty stripes save one. Three times I was beaten with sticks, once I was stoned, three times I suffered shipwreck. I spent a night and a day floating out in the ocean. I journeyed often, I was in perils of waters, in perils of robbers, in perils of my own countrymen, in perils by the heathen, in perils in the city, in perils in the wilderness, in perils in the sea, in perils among false brethren. In weariness and painfulness, in watchings often, in hunger and thirst, in fastings often, in cold and nakedness. Beside those things that come upon me daily, the care of all of the churches" ( 2 Corinthians 11:23-28 ). "The light affliction which is but for a moment."

But Paul's key, his secret, "Hey, we don't look at these things which we can see, because they're only temporal."

but the things which are not seen are eternal ( 2 Corinthians 4:18 ).

What do you have your eyes on? The temporal passing things? Where do you place your values? In the temporal passing things? God help us that we might begin to look at the eternal and place our value in the eternal things. "Looking unto Jesus," keeping our eyes on Him, "the author and the finisher of our faith" ( Hebrews 12:2 ), who will bring us who trust in Him unto that eternal glory.

Father, we thank You for Your word tonight and the guidance that we receive, the encouragement that we have, the wisdom that is there. Help us, O Lord, to get our eyes off of ourselves, off of our circumstances, off of our weaknesses, off of our failures, off of our disappointments. And help us, Lord, to get our eyes upon You. May we endure suffering as good soldiers as we look forward, Lord, to the glorious eternal weight of glory that shall be revealed in Jesus Christ. Let Thy word now be planted in our hearts, Lord. May there not be a veil over our hearts as we read, but may Your Spirit give light and understanding in Your truth. In Jesus' name we pray, Amen.

May the Lord be with you and bless and keep you in His love and draw you nearer unto Himself as He works in your heart by His Spirit. And may this week your eyes be kept upon Jesus, that God might, by His Spirit, bring to pass those changes in our lives whereby He will conform us into His image for His sake. "

Bibliographical Information
Smith, Charles Ward. "Commentary on 2 Corinthians 4". "Smith's Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/csc/2-corinthians-4.html. 2014.
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