corner graphic   Hi,    
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to

Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
2 Kings 14



Verse 1

second year of Joash. According to 2 Kings 13:10, Joash (king of Israel) began to reign in the thirty-seventh year of Joash (king of Judah). If Arnaziah began in the second year of Joash (king of Israel), he would have reigned only thirty-nine years. But he reigned forty (2 Kings 12:1). All depends on mode of reckoning from Nisan, and counting parts of years for complete years. This would at once explain the difference. See App-50. Our difficulty, as usual, arises from our ignorance.

Verse 3

the LORD. Heb Jehovah.

as Joash his father. He began well and ended badly.

Verse 4

the high places. See 1 Kings 15:14.

Verse 6

children = sons.

written in the book of the law of Moses. See note on Exodus 17:14, and App-47.

every man. Hebrew. "ish. App-14.

sin. Hebrew. chata". App-44.

Verse 7

He slew. The account in Chronicles supplies additional particulars. See 2 Chronicles 25:5-11.

Verse 8

look one another, &c. Figure of speech Tapeinosis (App-6), meaning very much more (verses: 2 Kings 14:11-12).

Verse 9

The thistle, or briar or thorn. Hebrew. choch, rendered thistle here, and in 2 Chronicles 25:18. Job 31:40; thorn in 2 Chronicles 33:11. Job 41:2. Proverbs 26:9. Song of Solomon 2:2. Hosea 9:6; and bramble in Isaiah 34:13.

sent. For a similar fable, see Judges 9:8. Figure of speech Prosopopoeia.

Verse 11

Beth-shernesh = house of the sun, on frontier of Judah and Dan, fifteen miles west of Jerusalem (Joshua 15:10). Now Ain Shems. A city of the priests (Joshua 21:9, Joshua 21:13, Joshua 21:16). Afterward associated with idolatry, and now with defeat.

Verse 12

Put to the worse = smitten.

Verse 13

cubits. See App-51.

Verse 14

hostages. Hebrew sons of the securities. Occurs only here and in 2 Chronicles 25:24.

Verse 15

which he did. Some codices, with Syriac, read "and all that he did".

are they not. ? Figure of speech Erotesis.

Verse 17

fifteen years: i.e. from 729-714. See App-50.

Verse 19

Lachish. On the Philistine border in Judah (Joshua 15:39). Now Tel-el-Hesy, and recently excavated with important results.

slew him there. See note on 2 Kings 8:26.

Verse 21

Azariah. Called also Uzziah (2 Kings 15:13, 2 Kings 15:30, 2 Kings 15:32; 2 Chronicles 26:1. Isaiah 1:1; Isaiah 6:1. Hosea 1:1. Amos 1:1. Zechariah 14:5). In Chronicles called Azariah (1 Chronicles 3:12). These different names are common, having the same or similar meanings.

sixteen years: i.e. when "made" king. Only three years old at his father"s death. See note on 2 Kings 15:1.

Verse 22

built = rebuilt or fortified. This implies the subjugation of Edom.

Elath. On the Red Sea. Compare 1 Kings 9:26, and, for its eventual loss, 2 Kings 16:6.

slept with his fathers. See note on Deuteronomy 31:16.

Verse 23

of Israel. Some codices, with one early printed edition, and Septuagint, read "over Israel".

forty and one years. See note on 2 Kings 15:8.

Verse 24

made Israel to sin. See note on 1 Kings 14:16.

Verse 25

coast = border, or boundary.

entering of Hamath. The pass between Lebanon and Hermon.

the sea of the plain. The Dead Sea.

Jonah. Named by the Lord Jesus (Matthew 12:39, Matthew 12:40).

Verse 26

not any shut up, nor any left = not any [place] strengthened or fortified. See note on Exodus 23:5. Deuteronomy 32:36. 1 Kings 14:10.

Verse 28

recovered Damascus, and Hamath. Both were included in Solomon"s kingdom (1 Kings 4:21). Damascus lost to Rezin (1 Kings 11:23-25). This recovery did not last long. See Amos 1:3.

Verse 29

reigned. After an interregnum of eleven years. See 2 Kings 15:8.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Kings 14:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, December 3rd, 2020
the First Week of Advent
Commentary Navigator
Search This Commentary
Enter query in the box below
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology