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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

2 Kings 14

Overview

2 Kings 14:1, Amaziah’s good reign; 2 Kings 14:5, His justice on the murderers of his father; 2 Kings 14:7, His victory over Edom; 2 Kings 14:8, Amaziah, provoking Jehoash, is overcome and spoiled; 2 Kings 14:15, Jeroboam succeeds Jehoash; 2 Kings 14:17, Amaziah slain by a conspiracy; 2 Kings 14:21, Azariah succeeds him; v.23, Jeroboam’s wicked reign; v.28, Zachariah succeeds him.

Verse 1

am 3165, bc 839

Joash: 2 Kings 14:15, 2 Kings 13:10

reigned Amaziah: 1 Chronicles 3:12, 2 Chronicles 25:1-4

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 14:17 - Amaziah

Verse 2

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 14:17 - Amaziah

Verse 3

am 3165-3194, bc 839-810

he did: 2 Kings 12:2, 1 Kings 11:4, 1 Kings 15:3, 2 Chronicles 25:2, 2 Chronicles 25:3

he did according: 2 Chronicles 24:2, 2 Chronicles 24:17, 2 Chronicles 25:14-16, Jeremiah 16:19, Zechariah 1:4-6, 1 Peter 1:18

Reciprocal: 1 Kings 22:43 - the high 2 Kings 15:3 - General 2 Kings 16:2 - did not 2 Chronicles 17:3 - he walked Jeremiah 34:15 - ye

Verse 4

the high places: 2 Kings 12:3, 2 Kings 15:4, 2 Kings 15:35

Reciprocal: 1 Kings 3:3 - only he 1 Kings 15:14 - the high places 1 Kings 22:43 - the high 2 Kings 18:4 - removed 2 Chronicles 15:17 - the high places 2 Chronicles 25:2 - but not Isaiah 65:7 - burned

Verse 5

am 3166, bc 838

that he slew: Genesis 9:6, Exodus 21:12-14, Numbers 35:33

his servants: 2 Kings 12:20, 2 Kings 12:21, 2 Chronicles 25:3, 2 Chronicles 25:4

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 24:16 - General 2 Kings 15:19 - to confirm 2 Kings 21:24 - the people of the land slew

Verse 6

The fathers: Deuteronomy 24:16, Ezekiel 18:4, Ezekiel 18:20

Reciprocal: Joshua 8:31 - as it is 2 Chronicles 25:4 - as it is written Daniel 6:24 - their children

Verse 7

am 3177, bc 827

slew: 2 Kings 8:20-22, 2 Chronicles 25:11, 2 Chronicles 25:12

the valley of salt: Some suppose that the Valley of Salt was south of the Dead, or Salt Sea, towards the land of Edom; and others suppose it to be the Valley of Salt, about three or four miles south-east of Palmyra, which now supplies, in a great measure, the surrounding country with salt. 2 Samuel 8:13, 1 Chronicles 18:12, Psalms 60:1, *title

Selah: or, the rock, Selah is generally supposed to be the same as Petra, which in Greek signifies a rock, the celebrated capital of Arabia Petrea. Strabo places it three or four days' journey from Jericho, and five days' journey from the forest of palm trees on the Red Sea. Pliny places it 600 miles from Gaza, and 125 from the Persian Gulf; but Cellarius and Reland very justly consider that the numbers have been changed, and that we ought to read 125 miles from Gaza, and 600 from the Persian Gulf. Eusebius places Beerothbenejaakan 30 miles west from Petra, and Elath ten miles east; and Burckhardt discovered the ruins of this ancient city in a valley called Wady Mousa.

Joktheel: Joshua 15:38

Reciprocal: Genesis 27:40 - serve Isaiah 16:1 - from Obadiah 1:3 - thou

Verse 8

am 3178, bc 826

Amaziah: 2 Chronicles 25:17-24

Come: 2 Kings 14:11, 2 Samuel 2:14-17, Proverbs 13:10, Proverbs 17:14, Proverbs 18:6, Proverbs 20:18, Proverbs 25:8

Reciprocal: Judges 9:29 - Increase thine army Judges 9:38 - General Judges 11:12 - What hast 1 Samuel 14:12 - Come up to us 1 Kings 20:18 - General 2 Kings 13:9 - Joash 2 Kings 13:12 - his might 2 Kings 23:29 - he had seen him Proverbs 26:4 - General

Verse 9

The thistle: Judges 9:8-15, 2 Samuel 12:1-4, 1 Kings 4:33, Ezekiel 20:49, The word choach, which is rendered here, and in 2 Chronicles 25:18, Job 31:18, thistle, in 1 Samuel 13:6, thicket in Isaiah 34:13, bramble, and in 2 Chronicles 33:11, Proverbs 26:9, Song of Solomon 2:2, Hosea 9:6, thorn, is probably the black thorn, or sloe tree, the prunus spinosa of Linneus, as the same word signifies in Arabic. There is a vast deal of insolent dignity in this remonstrance of Jehoash; but it has nothing conciliatory; no proposal of making amends for the injury his army had done to the unoffending inhabitants of Judah - 2 Chronicles 25:10-13. The comparatively useless thorn, which may by chance lacerate the incautious passenger, is made the emblem of the house of Judah and David, while the house of Jehu is represented by the stately cedar.

Reciprocal: Judges 8:6 - General Judges 9:14 - bramble Judges 9:15 - the cedars Judges 14:2 - get her Job 31:40 - thistles Proverbs 20:3 - but 1 Corinthians 12:15 - General Galatians 6:14 - that I

Verse 10

thine heart: Deuteronomy 8:14, 2 Chronicles 26:16, 2 Chronicles 32:25, Proverbs 16:18, Ezekiel 38:2, Ezekiel 38:5, Ezekiel 38:17, Daniel 5:20-23, Habakkuk 2:4, James 4:6

glory of this: Exodus 8:9, Jeremiah 9:23, Jeremiah 9:24, James 1:9

home: Heb. thy house

why shouldest: 2 Chronicles 35:21, Proverbs 3:30, Proverbs 15:18, Proverbs 17:14, Proverbs 20:3, Proverbs 25:8, Proverbs 26:17, Luke 14:31, Luke 14:32

Reciprocal: Genesis 27:40 - serve Deuteronomy 17:20 - his heart Judges 9:52 - General 2 Samuel 2:22 - wherefore Proverbs 13:10 - Only Ecclesiastes 8:9 - there is Daniel 5:23 - lifted Daniel 11:12 - his heart Habakkuk 2:5 - keepeth 1 Timothy 3:6 - lest

Verse 11

Amaziah: 2 Chronicles 25:16, 2 Chronicles 25:20

Bethshemesh: Joshua 19:38, Joshua 21:16, 1 Samuel 6:9-19

Reciprocal: Joshua 19:22 - Bethshemesh Judges 11:28 - General 2 Kings 14:8 - Come 2 Kings 23:29 - he had seen him

Verse 12

was put to the worse: Heb. was smitten

they fled: 1 Samuel 4:10, 2 Samuel 18:17, 1 Kings 22:36

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 19:8 - for Israel Amos 6:13 - Have

Verse 13

took Amaziah: 2 Kings 25:6, 2 Chronicles 33:11, 2 Chronicles 36:6, 2 Chronicles 36:10, Job 40:11, Job 40:12, Proverbs 16:18, Proverbs 29:23, Isaiah 2:11, Isaiah 2:12, Daniel 4:37, Luke 14:11

the gate of Ephraim: 2 Chronicles 25:23, 2 Chronicles 25:24, Nehemiah 8:16, Nehemiah 12:39

the corner: Jeremiah 31:38, Zechariah 14:10

Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 26:9 - the corner gate

Verse 14

all the gold: 2 Kings 24:13, 2 Kings 25:15, 1 Kings 7:51, 1 Kings 14:26, 1 Kings 15:18

and hostages: 2 Kings 18:23, *marg.

Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 25:24 - all the gold Isaiah 36:8 - pledges

Verse 15

am 3163-3179, bc 841-825

the rest: 2 Kings 10:34, 2 Kings 10:35, 2 Kings 13:12, 1 Kings 14:19, 1 Kings 14:20

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 14:1 - Joash 2 Kings 14:28 - the rest 2 Chronicles 25:26 - rest of the acts

Verse 16

am 3179, bc 825

Jehoash: 2 Samuel 7:12, 1 Kings 1:21

was buried: 2 Kings 13:9

Jeroboam: 2 Kings 13:13, Hosea 1:1, Amos 1:1, Amos 7:10, Amos 7:11

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 15:1 - In the 2 Kings 15:8 - the thirty 1 Chronicles 5:17 - Jeroboam

Verse 17

am 3179-3194, bc 825-810

Amaziah: 2 Kings 14:1, 2 Kings 14:2, 2 Kings 14:23, 2 Kings 13:10, 2 Chronicles 25:25-28

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 15:1 - In the 2 Kings 15:8 - the thirty

Verse 18

2 Kings 13:8, 2 Kings 13:12, 1 Kings 11:41, 1 Kings 14:29

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 15:6 - they not written

Verse 19

am 3194, bc 810

they made: 2 Kings 12:20, 2 Kings 12:21, 2 Kings 15:10, 2 Kings 15:14, 2 Kings 15:25, 2 Kings 15:30, 2 Kings 21:23, 2 Chronicles 25:27, 2 Chronicles 25:28

fled to Lachish: Joshua 10:31, Micah 1:13

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 9:28 - General 2 Chronicles 24:25 - his own servants

Verse 20

he was buried: 2 Kings 8:24, 2 Kings 9:28, 2 Kings 12:21, 1 Kings 2:10, 1 Kings 11:43, 2 Chronicles 21:20, 2 Chronicles 26:23, 2 Chronicles 33:20

Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 24:25 - his own servants 2 Chronicles 25:28 - the city of Judah

Verse 21

Azariah: 2 Kings 15:13, 2 Chronicles 26:1, Uzziah, Matthew 1:8, Matthew 1:9, Ozias

made him king: 2 Kings 21:24, 1 Chronicles 3:12

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 15:8 - the thirty 2 Kings 15:32 - Jotham 2 Kings 23:30 - the people Amos 1:1 - in the

Verse 22

Elath: Elath, the Ala or Elana of the Greek and Roman writers, was a celebrated port situated at the extremity of the eastern branch of the Red Sea, hence called the Elanitic Gulf, ten miles east from Petra, according to Eusebius, and 150; Roman miles from Gaza, according to Pliny, but 1,260 stadia, or 157 miles, according to Strabo and Marcianus Herecleota. It is now called Akaba, and is nothing but a tower or castle, surrounded by a large grove of date trees, the residence of a governor, dependent on him of Grand Cairo. 2 Kings 16:6, Deuteronomy 2:8, 1 Kings 9:26, 2 Chronicles 26:2, Eloth

Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 8:17 - Eloth

Verse 23

am 3179-3220, bc 825-784

the fifteenth: 2 Kings 14:17

Jeroboam: 2 Kings 14:27, Hosea 1:1, Amos 1:1, Amos 7:9-11

began to reign: "Now he begins to reign alone.

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 10:30 - thy children 1 Chronicles 5:17 - Jeroboam Amos 7:10 - the priest

Verse 24

in the sight: 2 Kings 21:6, Genesis 38:7, Deuteronomy 9:18, 1 Kings 21:25

he departed: 2 Kings 13:2, 2 Kings 13:6, 2 Kings 13:11, 1 Kings 12:28-31, Psalms 106:20

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 3:3 - he departed 2 Kings 10:29 - the sins 2 Kings 15:9 - as his Amos 7:10 - the priest

Verse 25

from the entering: Numbers 13:21, Numbers 34:7, Numbers 34:8, Ezekiel 47:16-18, Amos 6:14

unto the sea: Genesis 14:3, Deuteronomy 3:17

Jonah: Jonah 1:1, Matthew 12:39, Matthew 12:40, Matthew 16:4, Jonas

Gathhepher: Joshua 19:13, Gittah-hepher

Reciprocal: 1 Kings 8:65 - from the entering 1 Kings 16:12 - by Jehu the prophet 2 Kings 9:36 - by his 2 Kings 13:5 - a saviour 2 Kings 13:12 - the rest Isaiah 28:1 - whose Ezekiel 11:10 - in Hosea 7:15 - I have Amos 6:13 - Have Haggai 1:1 - by Haggai

Verse 26

saw the affliction: 2 Kings 13:4, Exodus 3:7, Exodus 3:9, Judges 10:16, Psalms 106:43-45, Isaiah 63:9

not any shut: Deuteronomy 32:36, 1 Kings 14:10, 1 Kings 21:21

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 9:8 - him that is shut up 1 Chronicles 12:1 - while he yet Psalms 106:44 - General Psalms 107:39 - oppression Lamentations 1:9 - behold Hosea 8:10 - for Amos 5:15 - the remnant

Verse 27

said not: 2 Kings 13:23, Hosea 1:6

blot out: Exodus 32:32, Exodus 32:33, Deuteronomy 9:14, Deuteronomy 25:19, Deuteronomy 29:20, Psalms 69:28, Romans 11:2-12, Revelation 3:5

he saved: 2 Kings 5:1, 2 Kings 13:5, Hosea 1:7, Titus 3:4-6

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 14:23 - the Lord 1 Samuel 14:47 - fought 2 Kings 14:23 - Jeroboam 1 Chronicles 6:15 - by the hand Nehemiah 9:27 - saviours Psalms 106:44 - General Lamentations 3:66 - under Amos 5:15 - the remnant

Verse 28

the rest: 2 Kings 14:15

Damascus: 2 Samuel 8:6, 1 Kings 11:24, 1 Chronicles 18:5, 1 Chronicles 18:6, 2 Chronicles 8:3, 2 Chronicles 8:4

which belonged to Judah: These places belonged to Judah by David's conquest - 2 Samuel 3:11, but had been repossessed by the Syrians.

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 13:13 - Jeroboam 2 Kings 15:11 - General 1 Chronicles 5:17 - Jeroboam 1 Chronicles 29:30 - his might

Verse 29

am 3220, bc 784

Zachariah: 2 Kings 15:8

reigned: "After an interregnum of eleven years.

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 13:13 - Jeroboam 2 Kings 15:12 - Thy sons

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Kings 14". "Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/2-kings-14.html.