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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
Acts 3



Verse 1

Peter and John. Mentioned together seven times in Acts, John always in subordination to Peter.

went = were going.

temple. See Acts 2:46.

at = upon. App-104.

prayer. App-134.

the ninth hour. About 3pm. See App-165. Compare Luke 1:9, Luke 1:10.

Verse 2

certain. App-123.

man. App-123.

lame = being (Greek. huparcho. See note on Luke 9:48) lame.

from. Greek. ek. App-104.

at = townrds. App-104.

Beautiful. Probably the East gate, which, Josephus says, "was of Corinthian brass and greatly excelled those that were only covered over with silver and gold" (Wars Acts 5:3).

ask. App-134.

alms. Greek. eleemosune. This was shortened into "aelmesse", and then into "alms".

of = from. Greek. para. App-104.

Verse 3

seeing. App-133.

asked. Greek. erotao. App-134.

an alms. Literally to receive an alms.

Verse 4

And = But.

fastening his eyes. Greek. atenizo. App-133.

Look. Greek. blepo. App-133.

on. Same as "upon".

Verse 5

gave heed. Greek. epecho. Here, Acts 19:22. Luke 14:7. Philippians 1:2, Philippians 1:16. 1 Timothy 4:16.

unto = to.

expecting. Gr. prosdokao. App-133.

Verse 6

have I none = belong not (Gr. ou. App-105). Apart from Peter"s lack, it was unlawful by Rabbinical ruling to carry a purse into the Temple.

give, &c. = this I give thee.

the name. See Acts 2:38.

Jesus Christ. App-98. XL

of Nazareth = the Nazarene. This title occurs seven times in Acts. See Acts 2:22; Acts 4:10; Acts 6:14; Acts 10:38; Acts 22:8; Acts 26:9.

rise up. Greek. egeiro. App-178.

Verse 7

took. Greek. piazo. See note on John 11:57.

lifted = raised, as in Acts 3:6.

immediately. Greek. parachrema. Occurs nineteen times, of which ten are in Luke and seven in Acts.

feet. Greek. basis, a step, then that with which one steps, &c. Only here.

ankle bones. Greek. sphuron. Only here.

received strength = were strengthened. Greek. stereoo. Only here, Acts 3:16, and Acts 16:5.

Verse 8

leaping up. Greek. exallomai. Only here, a strong form of hallomai.

leaping. Greek. hallomai. Only here, Acts 14:10, and John 4:14. Compare Isaiah 35:6.

God. App-98. This man had never walked before, even a baby takes time to learn how to walk.

Verse 9

people. See Acts 2:47.

Verse 10

knew. Greek. epiginosko. App-132.

for. Greek. pros.

amazement. Greek. ekstasis, ecstasy. See note on Mark 5:42.

Verse 11

the lame . . . healed. The texts read "he".

unto. Greek. pros. App-104.

in. App-104.

porch, &c. See note on John 10:23.

greatly wondering. Only here. Compare Mark 11:33. This miracle was significant of Israel"s restoration. Isaiah 35:6. Compare Matthew 11:5.

Verse 12

Ye men of Israel. Literally Men, Israelites. See note on Acts 1:11.

look ye so earnestly. Greek. atenizo, App-133.

on = to.

power. Greek. dunamis. App-172.

holiness = godliness. Compare App-137.

this man = him.

Verse 13

glorified. Greek. doxazo. See note on p. 1511.

Son = Servant. App-108. Compare Isaiah 42:1; Isaiah 49:6. Matthew 12:18.

delivered up. Greek. paradidomi. See note on John 19:30.

denied. Compare John 19:15.

Him. The texts omit.

when, &c. Literally he having decided (Greek. krino. App-122.)

let Him go = to release Him. Greek. apoluo. App-174.

Verse 14

the Holy One. Compare Acts 4:27, Acts 4:30. Isaiah 29:23; Isaiah 43:3; Isaiah 49:7. Figure of speech Antonomasia. App-6.

the Just. Greek. dikaios. App-191. Compare Acts 7:52; Acts 22:14.

desired. Greek. aiteo. App-134.

a murderer = a man (App-123.) a murderer.

to be granted. Greek. charizomai.

Verse 15

Prince. Greek. archegos = leader; one who stands at the head or beginning; arche) of a list, or rank. Here, Acts 5:31. Hebrews 2:10; Hebrews 12:2.

life. Greek. zoe. App-170.

from the dead. Greek. ek nekron. App-139.

witnesses. Greek. martur. See note on Acts 1:8.

Verse 16

through = upon. Greek. epi. App-104.

faith. Greek. pistis. App-150.

in = of.

made . . . strong. See Acts 3:7.

this man = this one.

see. Greek. theoreo. App-133.

know. Greek. oida. App-132.

perfect soundness. Literally wholeness. Greek. holokleria. Only here. Compare 1 Thessalonians 5:23. Hebrews 2:4.

in the presence of. . Literally over against. Greek. apenanti. Here, Acts 17:7. Matthew 21:2; Matthew 27:24, Matthew 27:61. Romans 3:18,

Verse 17

wot = know, as in Acts 3:16.

through = according to. Greek. kata. App-104.

did also, &c. = your rulers also (did). Compare Luke 23:34.

Verse 18

before had shewed = announced before. Here, Acts 3:24; Acts 7:52. 2 Corinthians 9:5. Compare App-121.

Christ. App-98. The texts read "His Christ".

hath . . . fulfilled = fulfilled. Greek. pleroo. App-125. See Acts 1:16; Acts 2:2, Acts 2:28.

Verse 19

Repent. Greek. metanoeo. App-111.

be converted = turn ye again (to Me). Jeremiah 3:7, Jeremiah 3:14, Jeremiah 3:22, &c

that, &c. Literally for (Greek. eis. App-104.) the blotting out.

sins. Greek. hamartia. App-128.

blotted out = wiped out, the blotting out. Here, Colossians 2:14. Revelation 3:5; Revelation 7:17; Revelation 21:4

when = in order that. Greek. hopos. Occurs fifteen times in Acts, and always expresses a purpose. Compare Acts 8:15, Acts 8:24; Acts 9:2, Acts 9:12, Acts 9:17, Acts 9:24, &c.

the. Omit.

refreshing. Greek. anapsuxis. Only here. Compare 2 Timothy 1:16.

shall = may.

from. Greek. apo. App-104.

Verse 20

send. Greek. apostello. App-174.

Jesus Christ = Christ Jesus. App-98.

before was preached. Greek. prokerusso. Compare App-121. Only here, and in Acts 13:24. But the texts read procheirizomai, to choose or appoint before, as in Acts 22:14; Acts 26:16.

Verse 21

the heaven. No art. See Matthew 6:9, Matthew 6:10.

until. Greek. achri.

restitution. Greek. apokatastasis = re-establishment from a state of ruin. Only here.

hath spoken = spoke. Greek. laleo. App-121.

since the world began. App-151.

Verse 22

For = Indeed.

Moses. Moses is referred to nineteen times in Acts. See note on Matthew 8:4.

said. See Deuteronomy 18:15-19. So Peter claimed Deuteronomy as the work of Moses.

unto the fathers. The texts omit.

A prophet. Compare John 1:21, John 1:25.

raise up. Greek. anistemi. App-178.

of = out of. Greek. ek. App-104.

like unto = as He raised up me.

in = according to. Greek. kata. App-104.

say = speak, as in Acts 3:21. (See App-107.) The reference is to Deuteronomy 18:15.

Verse 23

soul. App-110.

destroyed = utterly destroyed. Greek. exolothreuomai. Only here. Frequently in Septuagint. About eighty times as rendering of karath, cut off. See Genesis 17:14. Exodus 30:33; Exodus 31:14 The quotation is from Deuteronomy 18:18, Deuteronomy 18:19. App-107. Here the Holy Spirit gives the solemn meaning of "I will require it of him", as being destruction from among the people. Compare Malachi 4:1.

from among. App-104.

Verse 24

Samuel. Samuel was the first great prophet and spokesman of God after Moses.

those that follow after = those next in order. Greek. kathexes. Only used by Luke, here, Acts 11:4; Acts 18:23. Luke 1:3; Luke 8:1.

have likewise foretold = foretold also. See Acts 3:18.

Verse 25

the. Omit.

children = sons. Greek. huios. App-108.

covenant. Greek. diatheke. Compare Luke 1:72. For this Hebraism, "sons of the covenant", compare Matthew 8:12; Matthew 9:15. Luke 16:8.

made = covenanted. Greek. diatithemi.

in. Dative case; no preposition.

thy seed. i.e. Christ. See Galatians 1:3, Galatians 1:16.

kindreds = families. Greek. patria. Only here, Luke 2:4. Ephesians 3:15.

earth. Greek. ge. App-129.

blessed. Greek. eneulogeomai. Only here, and in Galatians 1:3, Galatians 1:8. Strong form of eulogeo, which occurs in the next verse.

Verse 26

iniquities. Greek. poneria. App-128.


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Acts 3:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

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