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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
Exodus 13



Verse 1

the LORD (Hebrew. Jehovah. spake. See note on Exodus 6:10, and compare note on Exodus 3:7.

Verse 2

Sanctify. Figure of speech Metonymy (of Subject). App-6. = Declare that I will sanctify (or set apart), which Moses did in verses: Exodus 13:12.

children = sons.

man. Hebrew. "adam. App-14.

There are two pairs of Phylacteries, so called (in Greek) from their use - a prayer-fillet or band worn to-day on forehead and hands during prayer. First pair here, Exodus 13:3-10 and Exodus 13:11-16. Second pair in Deuteronomy 6:4-8 and Exodus 11:13-2. Compare the structures in Deuteronomy 6:4-9.

Verse 3

leavened = fermented.

Verse 4

Abib = the month of green ears. Jewish tradition says that in this month Abram was called, Isaac was born, Israel delivered from Egypt, and Tabernacle reared up. The Talmud further says: "As in Nisan there had been redemption, so in Nisan there should be redemption" (Bab. fol. 11). John"s preaching began and the Lord"s death occurred in this month.

Verse 5

the LORD. Some codices, with Samaritan Pentateuch, The Targum of Jonathan ben Uzziel, and Septuagint, add "thy God".

Canaanites. The Perizzites and Girgashites not included in this list.

and. Note the Figure of speech Polysyndeton in this verse. (App-6.)

Verse 13

ass. Figure of speech Synecdoche (of Species), App-6, "ass" put for all animals not offered in sacrifice.

redeem = ransom. Hebrew. padah = to redeem (from bondage, by power). First occurance. Not g"aal. See note on Exodus 6:6.

Verse 15

man. Hebrew. "adam. App-14.

sacrifice. Hebrew zabach. See App-43.

all. Ellipsis to be supplied "every [beast]".

Verse 16

token. See the Structure on p. 90.

Verse 17

God. Hebrew. Elohim. App-14.

Verse 18

Red sea. Hebrew. Yam suph = weedy, or reedy. Eng. "Red" comes from the Greeks reading Edom (whose land it washed) as an appellative instead of a proper name (Esau or Edom = red, Genesis 25:25). Called "red "from Septuagint. Dried up fifty miles north of present shore. Will quite dry up at future Exodus. Isaiah 11:15, Isaiah 11:16; Isaiah 19:5.

harnessed = armed, as Joshua 1:14. Judges 7:11. 1 Chronicles 7:21; or marshalled by fives, as in 2 Kings 1:9. Isaiah 3:3 (the number of grace, see App-10). To this day five is an evil number in Egypt. Whichever is the meaning, both point to order and organization. They were an ordered "host" (Exodus 12:41), and not a disorderly rabble.

Verse 19

the bones of Joseph. Another evidence of order. Compare Genesis 50:25. Joseph"s faith exhibited 150 years before. Compare also Joshua 24:32 and Acts 7:15, Acts 7:16.

surely visit you. See Genesis 50:25, and compare note on Genesis 26:28.

Verse 21

the LORD went before them. Compare Exodus 14:19 with Exodus 32:34, the Angel of Jehovah.

Verse 22

took not away. See note on Exodus 40:36-38.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Exodus 13:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

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