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Bible Commentaries

Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Exodus 14

Verse 1

The next assault by Satan to destroy the whole Nation. See App-23 .

the LORD (Hebrew. Jehovah. spake. See note on Exodus 6:10 , and compare note on Exodus 3:7 .

Verse 2

children = sons.

Migdol . The great fortress on the "Shur" or wall, built to protect Egypt from Asia. The present geography of the Eastern Delta does not, to day, agree with the Biblical record. But its geography in the nineteenth dynasty is well known from papyri, and is in perfect accord with it, as given in Exodus.

Verse 3

For . The assault of the enemy foreseen and provided against by Jehovah.

Pharaoh . See App-37 .

Verse 4

I will . Compare Psalms 103:7 , "His ways unto Moses", and in verses: Exodus 14:13 , Exodus 13:4 , "His acts unto the sons of Israel".

host = force. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Adjunct) for his army. See App-6 .

Verse 5

told . On the fourth day. See App-60 . Why . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis. See App-6 .

Verse 6

And . Note the Polysyndeton ( App-6 ) in Exodus 14:6 and Exodus 14:7 .

Verse 9

horses . Egypt was noted for chariots, horses, and cavalry, which had been introduced by the eighteenth dynasty.

Verse 11

Because . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis. App-6

wherefore . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis. App-6 .

Verse 12

Is not. ? Figure of speech Erotesis. App-6

Verse 13

stand still , and see. Note importance of this command. Compare Stand still, and hear, Numbers 9:8 . 1 Samuel 9:27 ; 1Sa 12:7 . 2 Chronicles 20:17 . Job 37:14 .

Verse 15

the LORD (Hebrew. Jehovah. said. See note on Exodus 3:7 , and p. note on Exodus 6:10 .

Wherefore . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis. App-6 . It is also the Figure of speech Hysteresis; for no mention has been made of Moses' crying to the LORD.

go forward . This was Israel's faith. It was "by faith" in what they heard (Romans 10:1 Romans 10:7 . Hebrews 11:29 ).

Verse 17

I, behold , I. Figure of speech Epizeuxis, for emphasis. App-6 .

behold . Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6 .

chariots . Hebrew, singular chariot. Note the alternation. Pharaoh (singular) His host (plural) Pharaoh's chariot (singular) His horsemen (plural)

Verse 19

God. Hebrew. Elohim : the Creator in relation to His creatures. See App-4 .

Verse 20

a cloud and darkness. Figure of speech Hendiadys ( App-6 ) = a very dark cloud.

Verse 21

wind. Hebrew. ruach. App-9 .

Verse 27

strength = irresistible might.

Verse 28

not so much as one of them . This implies that Pharaoh himself did not escape. Compare Exodus 15:9 , Exodus 15:10 . Psalms 106:11 ; Psalms 136:15 . His body may have been washed

up on the shore , p. Exodus 14:30 , and "also", in Exodus 15:4 .

Verse 31

His servant Moses . First occurance. See the five, Exodus 14:3 .Joshua 9:24 ; Joshua 11:16 . 1 Kings 8:56 . Psalms 105:26 , and compare notes on Numbers 12:7 . Deu 35:5 . 1 Kings 8:53 .Nehemiah 10:29 .

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Exodus 14". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/bul/exodus-14.html. 1909-1922.