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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
Exodus 16



Verse 1

journey. The Egyptian kings of twelfth dynasty worked copper and turquoise mines in peninsula of Sinai. Afterward disused until eighteenth dynasty. Old roads left. See App-50. on the forty years" wandering; and note on Numbers 33:1.

children = sons.

Sin. Hebrew a bush.

Sinai = Bush of Jehovah. Sinai mentioned thirty-one times in Pentateuch, only four times in rest of Old Testament (Judges 5:5. Nehemiah 9:13. Psalms 68:8, Psalms 68:17); in New Testament four times (Acts 7:30, Acts 7:38. Galatians 1:4, Galatians 1:24, Galatians 1:26).

fifteenth day. See App-50.

Verse 2

murmured. Murmurings mentioned eight times in these verses: viz Exodus 2:7, Exodus 2:7, Exodus 2:8, Exodus 2:8, Exodus 2:8, Exodus 2:9, Exodus 2:12.

Verse 3

the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4.

bread. Figure of speech Synecdoche (of Part), put for all kinds of food (App-6). not for water, because of Exodus 15:27.

Verse 4

said the LORD. See notes on Exodus 3:7 and Exodus 6:10. Behold. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6.

Verse 7

what . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis. App-6.

Verse 8

murmurings which ye murmur. Figure of speech Polyptoton. App-6. = your wicked or terrible murmurings.

Verse 11

the LORD spake. See note on Exodus 6:10, and compare note on Exodus 3:7.

Verse 12

God. Hebrew. Elohim. App-4.

Verse 13

host = camp.

Verse 14

small = thin.

round thing = flakey.

Verse 15

"It is manna". Hebrew. man-hu = " What is that? for they knew not what "that" was". See on Exodus 16:31.

wist = knew. From Anglo-Saxon, witan, to know.

it = that.

This = that.

Verse 16

man. Hebrew "ish. See App-14.

for every man = for every skull. Figure of speech Synecdoche (of Part). App-6. Skull put for person, as we say "per head".

persons. Hebrew. nephesh. App-13.

Verse 21

it melted. See note on Numbers 14:9.

Verse 23

rest of the [holy] sabbath. Hebrew "a sabbath of sabbaths". Occurs seven times (see App-10). Four times of the weekly sabbath (Exodus 16:23; Exodus 31:15; Exodus 35:2. Leviticus 23:3). Twice of the Day of Atonement (Leviticus 16:31; Leviticus 23:32). Once of the sabbath of years (Leviticus 25:4).

Verse 24

as = according to what.

Verse 28

the LORD said. See note on Exodus 3:7, and compare note on Exodus 6:10.

How long . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis. App-6.

Verse 29

See. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6.

seventh day. See App-50.

Verse 31

the house of Israel. (First occurrence.) The Massorah (App-30) contains a list of all the occurrences of this expression. There are fourteen occurrences of this expression before the division of the nation into two kingdoms: Exodus 16:31; Exodus 40:38. Leviticus 10:6; Leviticus 17:3. Numbers 20:29. Joshua 21:45. 1 Samuel 7:2, 1 Samuel 7:3; 2 Samuel 1:12; 2 Samuel 6:5, 2 Samuel 6:15; 2 Samuel 12:8; 2 Samuel 16:3. Ruth 4:11 (compare Exodus 19:3, note). "The house of Judah" also occurs four times. See its first occurance, 2 Samuel 2:4. See note on 1 Kings 12:17.

Manna. Hebrew "What is that? "Seven characteristics:
1. Small = thin,
Exodus 16:14 (Antitype, Philippians 1:2, Philippians 1:6-8).
2. Round = flakey,
Exodus 16:14.
3. White,
Exodus 16:31.
4. Sweet,
Exodus 16:31 (Psalms 119:103. Jeremiah 15:16).
5. Hard,
Numbers 11:8.
6. Melted,
Numbers 14:9.
7. From heaven (daily),
Exodus 16:13. See note on Matthew 6:1.

wafers = flat-cake.

Verse 32

omer. See App-51.

Verse 33

a = one.

Verse 34

the Testimony = the Ark. Figure of speech Hysterologia. App-6. The ark not yet made.

Verse 35

did eat manna. The repetition (for emphasis) is the Figure of speech Epibole (App-6).

forty years. Compare Joshua 5:6, Joshua 5:11, Joshua 5:12. Figure of speech Hysterologia (App-6), a prior mention of a subsequent event.

until they came. Given on 16th Ziph, B.C. 1491, ceased 16th Ziph, B.C. 1461 = 39 years 11 months. See Joshua 5:12. See App-60.

Verse 36

an omer is the tenth part of an ephah. This is not to be confused with Ezekiel 45:11, "an ephah is the tenth part of an homer". They are two different

words: in Exodus 16:36 it is `omen, in Ezekiel 45:11 it is homer. See note on Leviticus 27:16, and App-51.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Exodus 16:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

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