corner graphic   Hi,    
ver. 2.0.20.12.01
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to classic.studylight.org/

Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
Exodus 16

 

 


Verse 1

journey. The Egyptian kings of twelfth dynasty worked copper and turquoise mines in peninsula of Sinai. Afterward disused until eighteenth dynasty. Old roads left. See App-50. on the forty years" wandering; and note on Numbers 33:1.

children = sons.

Sin. Hebrew a bush.

Sinai = Bush of Jehovah. Sinai mentioned thirty-one times in Pentateuch, only four times in rest of Old Testament (Judges 5:5. Nehemiah 9:13. Psalms 68:8, Psalms 68:17); in New Testament four times (Acts 7:30, Acts 7:38. Galatians 1:4, Galatians 1:24, Galatians 1:26).

fifteenth day. See App-50.


Verse 2

murmured. Murmurings mentioned eight times in these verses: viz Exodus 2:7, Exodus 2:7, Exodus 2:8, Exodus 2:8, Exodus 2:8, Exodus 2:9, Exodus 2:12.


Verse 3

the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4.

bread. Figure of speech Synecdoche (of Part), put for all kinds of food (App-6). not for water, because of Exodus 15:27.


Verse 4

said the LORD. See notes on Exodus 3:7 and Exodus 6:10. Behold. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6.


Verse 7

what . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis. App-6.


Verse 8

murmurings which ye murmur. Figure of speech Polyptoton. App-6. = your wicked or terrible murmurings.


Verse 11

the LORD spake. See note on Exodus 6:10, and compare note on Exodus 3:7.


Verse 12

God. Hebrew. Elohim. App-4.


Verse 13

host = camp.


Verse 14

small = thin.

round thing = flakey.


Verse 15

"It is manna". Hebrew. man-hu = " What is that? for they knew not what "that" was". See on Exodus 16:31.

wist = knew. From Anglo-Saxon, witan, to know.

it = that.

This = that.


Verse 16

man. Hebrew "ish. See App-14.

for every man = for every skull. Figure of speech Synecdoche (of Part). App-6. Skull put for person, as we say "per head".

persons. Hebrew. nephesh. App-13.


Verse 21

it melted. See note on Numbers 14:9.


Verse 23

rest of the [holy] sabbath. Hebrew "a sabbath of sabbaths". Occurs seven times (see App-10). Four times of the weekly sabbath (Exodus 16:23; Exodus 31:15; Exodus 35:2. Leviticus 23:3). Twice of the Day of Atonement (Leviticus 16:31; Leviticus 23:32). Once of the sabbath of years (Leviticus 25:4).


Verse 24

as = according to what.


Verse 28

the LORD said. See note on Exodus 3:7, and compare note on Exodus 6:10.

How long . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis. App-6.


Verse 29

See. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6.

seventh day. See App-50.


Verse 31

the house of Israel. (First occurrence.) The Massorah (App-30) contains a list of all the occurrences of this expression. There are fourteen occurrences of this expression before the division of the nation into two kingdoms: Exodus 16:31; Exodus 40:38. Leviticus 10:6; Leviticus 17:3. Numbers 20:29. Joshua 21:45. 1 Samuel 7:2, 1 Samuel 7:3; 2 Samuel 1:12; 2 Samuel 6:5, 2 Samuel 6:15; 2 Samuel 12:8; 2 Samuel 16:3. Ruth 4:11 (compare Exodus 19:3, note). "The house of Judah" also occurs four times. See its first occurance, 2 Samuel 2:4. See note on 1 Kings 12:17.

Manna. Hebrew "What is that? "Seven characteristics:
1. Small = thin,
Exodus 16:14 (Antitype, Philippians 1:2, Philippians 1:6-8).
2. Round = flakey,
Exodus 16:14.
3. White,
Exodus 16:31.
4. Sweet,
Exodus 16:31 (Psalms 119:103. Jeremiah 15:16).
5. Hard,
Numbers 11:8.
6. Melted,
Numbers 14:9.
7. From heaven (daily),
Exodus 16:13. See note on Matthew 6:1.

wafers = flat-cake.


Verse 32

omer. See App-51.


Verse 33

a = one.


Verse 34

the Testimony = the Ark. Figure of speech Hysterologia. App-6. The ark not yet made.


Verse 35

did eat manna. The repetition (for emphasis) is the Figure of speech Epibole (App-6).

forty years. Compare Joshua 5:6, Joshua 5:11, Joshua 5:12. Figure of speech Hysterologia (App-6), a prior mention of a subsequent event.

until they came. Given on 16th Ziph, B.C. 1491, ceased 16th Ziph, B.C. 1461 = 39 years 11 months. See Joshua 5:12. See App-60.


Verse 36

an omer is the tenth part of an ephah. This is not to be confused with Ezekiel 45:11, "an ephah is the tenth part of an homer". They are two different

words: in Exodus 16:36 it is `omen, in Ezekiel 45:11 it is homer. See note on Leviticus 27:16, and App-51.

 


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Exodus 16:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/exodus-16.html. 1909-1922.

Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, December 1st, 2020
the First Week of Advent
ADVERTISEMENT
Commentary Navigator
Search This Commentary
Enter query in the box below
ADVERTISEMENT
ADVERTISEMENT
ADVERTISEMENT
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology