corner graphic   Hi,    
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to

Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
Exodus 17



Verse 1

children = sons.

Sin. Hebrew Bush.

commandment. Hebrew "mouth". Figure of speech Metonymy (of Cause). App-6. Mouth put for what is spoken by it. the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4. Rephidim = reclining places. Two stations omitted here. Compare 17. Numbers 33:12-14.

Verse 2

chide. Murmuring was good policy. They would not "dig" (as at Beer and Elim) = to "beg "they were not ashamed. "Give us water. "See note on Exodus 15:24.

Why chide . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis. App-6.

wherefore. Some codices, with Samaritan Pentateuch, The Targum of Jonathan ben Uzziel, Sept, and Syriac, read "And why".

tempt = put to the proof. Hebrew from nasah, to smell, hence, to try. Figure of speech Anthropopatheia. App-6.

Verse 3

us. Hebrew. he. Figure of speech Heterosis (of" Number). App-6.

Verse 4

they be almost ready. Hebrew "yet a little and they will". Moses, David, Jeremiah, Stephen, Paul, and the Lord Jesus suffered from stoning or its threatening

Verse 5

the LORD (Hebrew. Jehovah. said. See note on Exodus 3:7, and compare note on Exodus 6:10.

Verse 6

Behold. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6.

I will stand. Figure of speech Anthropopatheia. App-6.

rock: a type of Christ. Frequently referred to (Deuteronomy 32:4, Deuteronomy 32:15, Deuteronomy 32:18, Deuteronomy 32:31, Deuteronomy 32:37; 1 Samuel 2:2. Psalms 18:2). Rock of life (Deuteronomy 32:18): Salvation (2 Samuel 22:47, &c.): Refuge (Psalms 27:5; Psalms 62:6, Psalms 62:7): Rest and refreshment (Isaiah 32:2).

Horeb. Compare Exodus 3:1.

smite. Smitten only once. Compare Isaiah 53:4. Zechariah 13:7. Jehovah on the Rock = God in Christ (2 Corinthians 5:19). No water till smitten (Psalms 78:20. John 7:38, John 7:39; John 12:24). water. Water from the rock. Fire out of the rock (Judges 6:21). Honey from the rock (Psalms 81:16). Oil from the rock (Deuteronomy 32:13).

Verse 7

Massah = Temptation. Tempting of God. Meribah = Strife. Striving with Moses.

tempted. Figure of speech Anthropopatheia. App-6. (i.e. tempting Jehovah to cut them off).

Verse 8

Then came Amalek. See on Genesis 21:25 and Judges 5:11. Amalek came to fight for the water. Compare Deuteronomy 25:17, Deuteronomy 25:18. Amalek came behind and attacked the rear, and he "feared not God", Deuteronomy 25:8.

Amalek, Figure of speech Synecdoche (of Part), App-6, put for Amalekites. At Rephidim, they got water plus Amalek; at Meribah, water plus Edom.

Verse 9

Joshua. First occurance. (250 times in all). Hebrew. Jehoshua. Now fifty-three years of age. Hence a bondman in Egypt. Twenty-seven years younger than Moses. See App-50.

men. Hebrew, plural of "ish or "enesh. App-14.

fight. There was a large population in the peninsula at this time. A wilderness, a place of pasture, not a desert.

God. Hebrew. Elohim. App-4.

Verse 10

as = according as.

Moses (prophet), Aaron (priest), Hur (royal tribe, Judah).

Hur. Hebrew noble or well-born. The son of Caleb, the son of Hezron, the son of Pharez, the son of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:3, 1 Chronicles 2:4, 1 Chronicles 2:5, 1 Chronicles 2:18, 1 Chronicles 2:19). Josephus makes him the husband of Miriam and grandfather of Bezaleel (Exodus 31:2; Exodus 35:30; Exodus 38:22).

Verse 11

when = according as.

hand. Samaritan Pentateuch and Septuagint read "hands". Compare Exodus 17:12.

Verse 12

heavy = weary.

Verse 13

edge. Hebrew mouth. Figure of speech Prosopopoeia. App-6. sword in the Plain: Rod of God on the mount (Exodus 17:9): Jehovah above all (Exodus 17:6).

Verse 14

the LORD (Hebrew. Jehovah. said. See notes on Exodus 3:7 and Exodus 6:10.

Write. First occurrence. The tablets found at Lachish and Tel-el-Amarna show that writing of a high order was fully developed before the time of Moses.

in a book. Hebrew "in the book" (bassepher). This writing afterward ordered for "the Book of the Law" (Exodus 24:4, Exodus 24:7). See App-47, where the history of that Book is traced from this passage to Malachi.

put out = blot out. Compare Deuteronomy 25:19. Numbers 24:20.

Verse 15

Jehovah-nissi = " Jehovah [is] my banner. "One of the Jehovah titles. App-4.

Verse 16

LORD = Jah. See App-4.

hath sworn. The margins of Authorized Version and Revised Version show the perplexity caused by the Ellipsis. of the verb. "Surely the hand [lifted up] upon the banner of Jah [is to swear]: for the war of Jehovah against Amalek is to be from generation to generation". So it was. It was carried on by Ehud (Judges 3:13-15), Barak (Judges 5:14), Gideon (Judges 6:3; Judges 7:12-14), Saul (1 Samuel 15:2-9, Compare Exodus 17:11), Samuel (1 Samuel 15:32, 1 Samuel 15:33), David (1 Samuel 27:8; 1 Samuel 30:1, 1 Samuel 30:17; 2 Samuel 8:12), Simeonites (1 Chronicles 4:42, 1 Chronicles 4:43), and Mordecai (Esther 3:1-6; Esther 9:7-10).


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Exodus 17:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, December 3rd, 2020
the First Week of Advent
Commentary Navigator
Search This Commentary
Enter query in the box below
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology