Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Exodus 17

Introduction

1The people murmur for water at Rephidim.
6God sends them for water to the rock in Horeb.
7The place is called Massah and Meribah.
8Amalek is overcome by Joshua, while Moses holds up his hands with the rod of God.
14Amalek is doomed to destruction; and Moses builds the altar JEHOVAH-nissi.

Verse 1

And all the congregation of the children of Israel journeyed from the wilderness of Sin, after their journeys, according to the commandment of the LORD, and pitched in Rephidim: and there was no water for the people to drink.
Sin
16:1; Numbers 33:12-14
Rephidim
8; 19:2
Reciprocal: Genesis 21:15 - the water;  Genesis 45:21 - commandment;  Exodus 6:2 - I am the Lord;  Numbers 9:18 - and at the;  Numbers 20:2 - no;  Numbers 33:10 - Elim;  Numbers 33:14 - Rephidim;  2 Kings 3:9 - no water

Verse 2

Wherefore the people did chide with Moses, and said, Give us water that we may drink. And Moses said unto them, Why chide ye with me? wherefore do ye tempt the LORD?
the people
5:21; 14:11,12; 15:24; 16:2,3; Numbers 11:4-6; 14:2; 20:3-5; 21:5
Give us
Genesis 30:1,2; 1 Samuel 8:6; Luke 15:12
wherefore
7; 16:2; Numbers 14:22; Deuteronomy 6:16; Psalms 78:18,41,56; 95:9; 106:14; Isaiah 7:12; Malachi 3:15; Matthew 4:7; 16:1-3; Luke 4:12; Acts 5:9; 15:10; 1 Corinthians 10:9; Hebrews 3:9
Reciprocal: Exodus 32:22 - knowest;  Numbers 11:1 - And when;  Numbers 16:11 - what is Aaron;  Deuteronomy 9:7 - from the day;  1 Samuel 8:8 - GeneralPsalm 81:7 - calledst;  Psalm 95:8 - in the;  Proverbs 25:25 - cold;  Mark 8:11 - tempting;  1 Corinthians 10:10 - murmur

Verse 3

And the people thirsted there for water; and the people murmured against Moses, and said, Wherefore is this that thou hast brought us up out of Egypt, to kill us and our children and our cattle with thirst?
thou hast
16:3
Reciprocal: Exodus 14:11 - Because;  Exodus 15:24 - GeneralExodus 33:1 - thou hast;  Numbers 11:1 - And when;  Numbers 14:2 - murmured;  Numbers 16:13 - to kill;  Numbers 20:4 - why;  Numbers 21:5 - spake;  Joshua 7:7 - to deliver;  2 Samuel 14:32 - it had been;  Psalm 63:1 - GeneralProverbs 25:25 - cold;  Isaiah 41:17 - seek;  Jeremiah 42:14 - nor hear;  Jeremiah 48:18 - and sit;  Hosea 2:3 - and slay;  Acts 7:39 - and in;  1 Corinthians 10:10 - murmur

Verse 4

And Moses cried unto the LORD, saying, What shall I do unto this people? they be almost ready to stone me.
cried
14:15; 15:25; Numbers 11:11
almost
Numbers 14:10; 16:19; 1 Samuel 30:6; John 8:59; 10:31; Acts 7:50; 14:19
Reciprocal: Exodus 5:22 - returned;  Exodus 15:24 - GeneralNumbers 20:6 - they fell;  1 Kings 12:18 - all Israel;  1 Kings 17:20 - he cried;  Job 42:10 - when

Verse 5

And the LORD said unto Moses, Go on before the people, and take with thee of the elders of Israel; and thy rod, wherewith thou smotest the river, take in thine hand, and go.
Go on
Ezekiel 2:6; Acts 20:23,24
thy rod
7:19,20; Numbers 20:8-11
Reciprocal: Exodus 12:21 - elders;  Deuteronomy 8:15 - who brought;  Job 42:10 - when;  Psalm 74:15 - cleave

Verse 6

Behold, I will stand before thee there upon the rock in Horeb; and thou shalt smite the rock, and there shall come water out of it, that the people may drink. And Moses did so in the sight of the elders of Israel.
I will
16:10
the rock
This rock, which is a vast block of red granite, 15 feet long, 10 broad, and 12 high, lies in the wilderness of Rephidim, to the west of Mount Horeb, a part of Sinai. There are abundant traces of this wonderful miracle remaining at this day. This rock has been visited, drawn, and described by Dr. Shaw and others; and holes and channels appear in the stone, which could only have been formed by the bursting out and running of water.
in Horeb
3:1-5
and thou
Numbers 20:9-11; Deuteronomy 8:15; Nehemiah 9:15; Psalms 78:15,16,20; 105:41; 114:8; Isaiah 48:21; 1 Corinthians 10:4
that the people
Psalms 46:4; Isaiah 41:17,18; 43:19,20; John 4:10,14; 7:37,38; Revelation 22:17
Reciprocal: Exodus 7:20 - he lifted;  Numbers 20:11 - the water;  Numbers 21:16 - Gather;  Deuteronomy 1:6 - in Horeb;  Deuteronomy 9:21 - the brook;  2 Kings 3:17 - that ye may;  Nehemiah 9:20 - gavest;  Psalm 74:15 - cleave;  Psalm 81:7 - proved;  Proverbs 25:25 - cold;  Isaiah 35:6 - for;  Habakkuk 3:9 - Thou

Verse 7

And he called the name of the place Massah, and Meribah, because of the chiding of the children of Israel, and because they tempted the LORD, saying, Is the LORD among us, or not?
Massah
i.e., Temptation.
Numbers 20:13; Deuteronomy 9:22
Meribah
that is, Chiding or Strife.
2; Psalms 81:7
chiding
tempted
Psalms 95:8; Hebrews 3:8,9
Is the Lord
34:9; Deuteronomy 31:17; Joshua 22:31; Isaiah 12:6; Micah 3:11; John 1:14; Acts 7:37-39
Reciprocal: Numbers 27:14 - Meribah;  Deuteronomy 6:16 - tempted him;  Deuteronomy 33:8 - prove at;  Joshua 3:10 - among;  Psalm 78:20 - he smote;  Psalm 106:13 - They soon forgat;  Matthew 4:7 - Thou;  Mark 8:11 - tempting;  Acts 5:9 - to tempt;  1 Corinthians 10:9 - tempt

Verse 8

Then came Amalek, and fought with Israel in Rephidim.
Genesis 36:12,16; Numbers 24:20; Deuteronomy 25:17; 1 Samuel 15:2; 30:1; Psalms 83:7
Reciprocal: Genesis 14:7 - Amalekites;  Exodus 17:1 - Rephidim;  Exodus 19:2 - Rephidim;  Numbers 13:29 - Amalekites;  Judges 5:14 - Amalek;  Judges 12:15 - in the mount;  2 Samuel 1:8 - an Amalekite;  Jeremiah 31:2 - The people

Verse 9

And Moses said unto Joshua, Choose us out men, and go out, fight with Amalek: to morrow I will stand on the top of the hill with the rod of God in mine hand.
unto Joshua
13; 24:13; Numbers 11:28; 13:16
Oshea
Jehoshua.
Deuteronomy 32:44
Hoshea
Called Jesus.
Acts 7:45; Hebrews 4:8
Choose
Numbers 31:3,4
the rod
4:2,20
Reciprocal: Exodus 7:20 - he lifted;  Exodus 17:10 - and Moses;  Exodus 32:17 - Joshua;  Exodus 33:11 - his servant;  Numbers 13:8 - Oshea;  Numbers 20:8 - the rod;  Numbers 27:18 - Take thee;  Deuteronomy 1:38 - which standeth;  Joshua 1:1 - Joshua;  2 Samuel 18:1 - numbered;  1 Chronicles 7:27 - Jehoshuah;  Psalm 56:9 - When;  Psalm 68:11 - Lord;  Ezekiel 13:5 - have not

Verse 10

So Joshua did as Moses had said to him, and fought with Amalek: and Moses, Aaron, and Hur went up to the top of the hill.
Joshua
Joshua 11:15; Matthew 28:20; John 2:5; 15:14
and Moses
Hur
12; 24:14
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 18:3 - succour

Verse 11

And it came to pass, when Moses held up his hand, that Israel prevailed: and when he let down his hand, Amalek prevailed.
Psalms 56:9; Luke 18:1; 1 Timothy 2:8; James 5:16
Reciprocal: Joshua 8:18 - Stretch;  Joshua 8:26 - drew not;  1 Samuel 15:33 - As thy sword;  2 Kings 13:18 - he smote thrice;  1 Chronicles 5:20 - And they

Verse 12

But Moses' hands were heavy; and they took a stone, and put it under him, and he sat thereon; and Aaron and Hur stayed up his hands, the one on the one side, and the other on the other side; and his hands were steady until the going down of the sun.
Moses' hands
Matthew 26:40-45; Mark 14:37-40; Ephesians 6:18; Colossians 4:2
stayed up his hands
Psalms 35:3; Isaiah 35:3; 2 Corinthians 1:11; Philippians 1:19; 1 Thessalonians 5:25; Hebrews 12:12; James 1:6
Reciprocal: Exodus 17:10 - Hur;  Exodus 24:14 - Hur;  Joshua 8:26 - drew not

Verse 13

And Joshua discomfited Amalek and his people with the edge of the sword.
Joshua 10:28,32,37,42; 11:12
Reciprocal: Exodus 17:9 - unto Joshua

Verse 14

And the LORD said unto Moses, Write this for a memorial in a book, and rehearse it in the ears of Joshua: for I will utterly put out the remembrance of Amalek from under heaven.
memorial
12:14; 13:9; 34:27; Deuteronomy 31:9; Joshua 4:7; Job 19:23; Haggai 2:2,3
for I will
Numbers 24:20; Deuteronomy 25:17-19; 1 Samuel 15:2,3,7,8,18; 27:8,9; 30:1,17; 2 Samuel 1:1,8-16; 8:12; 1 Chronicles 4:43; Ezra 9:14
the remembrance
Job 18:17; Psalms 9:6; Proverbs 10:7
Reciprocal: Leviticus 24:7 - a memorial;  Numbers 5:23 - write these;  Deuteronomy 7:24 - their name;  Deuteronomy 25:19 - thou shalt;  1 Samuel 14:48 - smote;  Esther 3:2 - bowed not;  Esther 9:20 - wrote these;  Job 13:12 - remembrances;  Psalm 102:18 - This;  Psalm 137:7 - Remember;  Isaiah 65:6 - it is;  Jeremiah 30:2 - GeneralJeremiah 36:2 - a roll;  Matthew 5:43 - and hate

Verse 15

And Moses built an altar, and called the name of it Jehovahnissi:
JEHOVAH-nissi
i.e., the Lord my banner.
Genesis 22:14; 33:20; Psalms 60:4
Reciprocal: Genesis 26:25 - builded;  Genesis 35:7 - GeneralGenesis 35:14 - GeneralJudges 6:24 - Jehovahshalom;  Judges 15:19 - Enhakkore;  1 Samuel 7:12 - Ebenezer;  2 Chronicles 20:26 - the name;  Psalm 20:5 - and in;  Isaiah 62:10 - go through;  Ezekiel 48:35 - The Lord

Verse 16

For he said, Because the LORD hath sworn that the LORD will have war with Amalek from generation to generation.
Because, etc
or, Because the hand of Amalek is against the throne of the Lord, therefore, etc. the Lord, etc. Heb. the hand upon the throne of the Lord.
Isaiah 66:1; Acts 7:49
will have war
Psalms 21:8-11 Reciprocal: Numbers 14:45 - the Amalekites;  Numbers 24:20 - the first of the nations;  Numbers 31:3 - avenge the Lord;  Deuteronomy 1:31 - in the wilderness;  Deuteronomy 25:19 - thou shalt;  Esther 3:2 - bowed not;  Esther 9:10 - enemy;  Isaiah 14:24 - Lord;  Amos 8:7 - I will;  Acts 7:36 - and in the wilderness

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Exodus 17". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/exodus-17.html.