corner graphic   Hi,    
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to

Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
Exodus 21



Verse 1

Chapters 21-23 are an expansion of chapter 20.

Verse 3

by himself. Hebrew "with his body". Figure of speech Synecdoche (of Part). App-6.

Verse 5

shall plainly say. Hebrew "saying shall say". Figure of speech Polyptoton (App-6) for emphasis. See note on Genesis 26:28

children = sons.

Verse 6

the judges. See note on 22. e.

bore his ear. Hence a symbol of obedience an perpetual servitude. Compare Psalms 40:6. Isaiah 48:8; Isaiah 50:5 and see note on Hebrews 10:5.

for ever. Figure of speech Synecdoche (of Whole). App-6. A time put for limited time; "for life", or till the jubilee, Leviticus 25:13, Leviticus 25:28, Leviticus 25:40, Leviticus 25:41.

Verse 7

a man. Hebrew. "ish. See App-14.

Verse 8

nation = people.

power = authority.

Verse 13

God Hebrew. Elohim. deliver. Hebrew idiom, b which God is said to do what He allows to be done. deliver. Hebrew permit him to meet, or come.

Verse 14

guile . . . thou. Figure of speech Ellipsis (App-6); between these two words, supply: "and then seek refuge t Mine altar".

Verse 15

smiteth. Here and elsewhere in this chapter (except Exodus 21:26), to smite to death, or seriously.

Verse 16

a man. (Hebrew. "ish. App-14.) Aramaean and Septuagint add "of the sons of Israel".

Verse 17

curseth, or revileth. Compare Matthew 15:4. Mark 7:1

Verse 18

men. Hebrew, plural of "ish, or"enesh. See App-14. one. Hebrew. "ish. App-14. another his neighbor.

Verse 20

punished = avenged.

Verse 21

money. Figure of speech Metonymy (of Cause), App-6, money put for the servant ho earns it.

Verse 22

child . . . so. Figure of speech Ellipsis (App-6); supply "who intervenes".

punished = amerced, or fined. The laws of Khammurabi distinguished between three classes (

Verse 23

life = soul. Hebrew. nephesh. See App-13.

Verse 24

Eye for eye, &c. Lex talionis, eight particulars for completeness (App-10), seven in separate category (verses: Exodus 21:24, Exodus 21:26). These laws made prisons unnecessary, and prevented crime.

Verse 26

go free. By Code of Khammurabi, the master was compensated, 199 (see App-15). Compare Deuteronomy 4:8.

Verse 27

smite. Not the same word as elsewhere in this chapter.

Verse 30

ransom. Implying that death-penalties were in certain cases commutable. Compare Exodus 30:12 and Psalms 49:8. Psalms 49:32 shekels. See App-51.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Exodus 21:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, December 3rd, 2020
the First Week of Advent
Commentary Navigator
Search This Commentary
Enter query in the box below
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology