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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
Ezekiel 31



Verse 1

the eleventh year. See note on Ezekiel 30:20, and p. 1105. the third month. About two months before the fall of Jerusalem.

the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4.

Verse 2

Son of man. See note on Ezekiel 2:1.

Verse 3

Behold. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6

the Assyrian. Ginsburg thinks this should read teashshur (= a box = tree) instead of "ashshur (= an Assyrian). There is no article; and Egypt is the subject here, not Assyria. See note on Ezekiel 27:6, and compare Isaiah 41:19; Isaiah 60:13. The subject is the proud exaltation of Egypt, which is likened to a box or cypress, exalting itself into a cedar of Lebanon.

shroud = foliage.

Verse 4

waters . . . deep : i.e. the water = ways, and the Nile. Compare Ezekiel 31:15.

Verse 5

branches. Hebrew text reads "branch" (singular); but margin, with some codices and four early printed editions, road "branches" (plural) Occurs only in Ezekiel.

Verse 6

boughs = arms. Occurs only here and in .

Verse 8

the garden of God. Reference to Pentateuch (Genesis 2:8). God. Hebrew. Elohim. App-4.

Verse 9

Eden. Reference to Pentateuch (Gen 2). Compare Ezekiel 28:13. App-92.

Verse 10

thus smith, he. See note on Ezekiel 44:9.

the Lord God. Hebrew Adonai Jehovah. See note on Ezekiel 2:4.

thou. Pharaoh,

he. Ashur.

Verse 11

heathen = nations.

for. Many codices, with five early printed editions, Syriac, and Vulgate, read "according to", as our text does. Other codices, with four early printed editions and Aramaean, read "in".

wickedness = lawlessness. Hebrew. rasha. App-44.

Verse 12

strangers = foreigners.

rivers = torrents. Hebrew "aphikim. See note on" channels", 2 Samuel 22:16.

Verse 14

all. All the trees. So in Ezekiel 31:16.

children = sons.

men. Hebrew "adam. App-14.

Verse 15

the grave. Hebrew. Sheol. App-35.

Verse 16

I east gim down = I caused tint to descend.

hell = Sheol. Same word as "the grave" in Ezekiel 31:15. the pit. Hebrew. bor. Showing the sense in which Sheol is used in Ezekiel 31:15 and Ezekiel 31:16. See notes on "well", Genesis 21:19; and "pit", Isaiah 14:19.

Verse 17

and they that were his arm. Septuagint and Syriac rend "and his seed".

Verse 18

saith the Lord GOD = [is] Adonai Jehovah"s oracle.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Ezekiel 31:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

Lectionary Calendar
Monday, October 26th, 2020
the Week of Proper 25 / Ordinary 30
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