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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Ezekiel 31

Overview

Ezekiel 31:1, A relation unto Pharaoh, Ezekiel 31:3, of the glory of Assyria, Ezekiel 31:10. and the fall thereof for pride; Ezekiel 31:18, The like destruction of Egypt.

Verse 1

in the eleventh: On Sunday, June 19, am 3416, according to Usher; and about a month before the capture of Jerusalem. Ezekiel 1:2, Ezekiel 30:20, Jeremiah 52:5, Jeremiah 52:6

Reciprocal: Ezekiel 8:1 - in the sixth year Ezekiel 20:1 - in the seventh Ezekiel 24:1 - the ninth year

Verse 2

speak: Jeremiah 1:5, Jeremiah 1:17, Revelation 10:11

to his: Ezekiel 29:19, Ezekiel 30:10, Nahum 3:8-10

Whom: Ezekiel 31:18, Isaiah 14:13, Isaiah 14:14

Reciprocal: Ezekiel 29:15 - rule Ezekiel 32:19 - dost Amos 6:2 - better Zechariah 11:2 - Howl

Verse 3

the Assyrian: Nahum 3:1-19, Zephaniah 2:13

a cedar: Ezekiel 17:3, Ezekiel 17:4, Ezekiel 17:22, Isaiah 10:33, Isaiah 10:34, Isaiah 37:24, Daniel 4:10, Daniel 4:20-23, Zechariah 11:2

with fair branches: Heb. fair of branches

of an high: Ezekiel 31:6, Judges 9:15, Daniel 4:12

Reciprocal: Numbers 24:6 - as cedar 2 Kings 18:28 - the king of Assyria 2 Kings 19:23 - With the multitude Isaiah 2:13 - General Isaiah 8:7 - the king Isaiah 36:4 - Thus saith Isaiah 36:13 - Hear Isaiah 45:14 - men of stature Jeremiah 50:18 - as I Ezekiel 19:11 - her stature Ezekiel 31:17 - dwelt Ezekiel 32:22 - General Hosea 14:6 - branches Amos 6:2 - better Nahum 3:3 - and there Nahum 3:8 - thou Nahum 3:18 - O King Mark 4:32 - shooteth

Verse 4

waters: Ezekiel 17:5, Ezekiel 17:8, Proverbs 14:28, Jeremiah 51:36, Revelation 17:1, Revelation 17:15

made him great: or, nourished him

set: or, brought, little rivers. or, conduits.

Reciprocal: Numbers 24:6 - as cedar Isaiah 1:30 - garden Jeremiah 17:8 - he shall

Verse 5

his height: The Assyrian king, to whom Pharaoh is compared, from his great power, extensive dominion, and the protection he afforded, resembled the spreading branches, thick shade, and high stature of a flourishing cedar on mount Lebanon. The fruitful lands of Assyria; the immense revenues he drew from vast multitudes in his extensive territories; his lucrative commerce, by the river Tigris, with the countries on the Indian ocean; and all the various sources of his wealth and prosperity, resembled the rivers and streams which cause the trees planted by them to grow and flourish exceedingly; and hence the empire and its head were exalted above all the kingdoms of the earth. Psalms 37:35, Psalms 37:36, Isaiah 10:8-14, Isaiah 36:4, Isaiah 36:18, Isaiah 36:19, Isaiah 37:11-13, Daniel 4:11

he shot forth: or, it sent them forth

Verse 6

Ezekiel 17:23, Daniel 4:12, Daniel 4:21, Matthew 13:32

Reciprocal: Psalms 37:35 - a green bay tree Psalms 104:17 - the birds Ezekiel 31:3 - of an high Ezekiel 31:17 - dwelt Luke 13:19 - and the

Verse 8

cedars: Ezekiel 28:13, Genesis 2:8, Genesis 13:10, Psalms 80:10, Isaiah 51:3

nor any: Psalms 37:35, Isaiah 10:7-14, Isaiah 36:4-18, Isaiah 37:11-13

Reciprocal: Genesis 2:9 - every Genesis 30:37 - chestnut tree Joel 2:3 - the land

Verse 9

made: Ezekiel 16:14, Exodus 9:16, Psalms 75:6, Psalms 75:7, Daniel 2:21, Daniel 2:37, Daniel 2:38, Daniel 4:22-25, Daniel 5:20-23

all the trees: Ezekiel 17:22, Ezekiel 17:24, Judges 9:8-20, Psalms 96:12, Psalms 96:13, Isaiah 55:12, Zechariah 11:2

envied: Genesis 26:14, Genesis 37:11, 1 Samuel 18:15, Proverbs 27:4, Ecclesiastes 4:4, James 4:5, James 4:6

Reciprocal: Genesis 2:8 - a garden Genesis 2:9 - every Jeremiah 51:53 - mount Ezekiel 28:13 - in Eden Ezekiel 31:16 - and all Ezekiel 31:18 - with the Joel 2:3 - the land 2 Corinthians 12:4 - paradise

Verse 10

Therefore: The allegory and its interpretation are here combined; and the Assyrian monarch, though already destroyed, is poetically addressed.

Because: Matthew 23:12

and his: Ezekiel 31:14, Ezekiel 28:17, 2 Chronicles 25:19, 2 Chronicles 32:25, Job 11:11, Job 11:12, Proverbs 16:18, Proverbs 18:12, Isaiah 14:13-15, Daniel 4:30, Daniel 5:20, Obadiah 1:3, James 4:6

Reciprocal: Isaiah 10:12 - the glory Ezekiel 28:2 - Because Daniel 5:23 - lifted

Verse 11

delivered: Ezekiel 11:9, Ezekiel 21:31, Ezekiel 23:28, Judges 16:23, 1 Timothy 1:20

the mighty: Nebuchadnezzar, the subverter of the Assyrian empire. Ezekiel 32:11, Ezekiel 32:12, Jeremiah 25:9, Daniel 5:18, Daniel 5:19

he shall surely deal with him: Heb. in doing he shall do unto him, Judges 1:7, Matthew 7:1, Matthew 7:2, James 2:13

I have driven: Leviticus 18:24-28, Leviticus 20:22, Leviticus 20:23, Deuteronomy 18:12, Lamentations 1:21, Nahum 3:18

Verse 12

strangers: Ezekiel 28:7, Ezekiel 30:11, Habakkuk 1:6, Habakkuk 1:11

upon: Ezekiel 32:4, Ezekiel 32:5, Ezekiel 35:5, Ezekiel 35:8, Ezekiel 39:4, Isaiah 34:5-7

gone: Daniel 4:12-14, Nahum 3:17, Nahum 3:18, Revelation 17:16

Reciprocal: Isaiah 21:1 - from Ezekiel 29:11 - foot of man Ezekiel 30:12 - by the hand Daniel 4:14 - let

Verse 13

Ezekiel 29:5, Ezekiel 32:4, Isaiah 18:6, Revelation 19:17, Revelation 19:18

Reciprocal: Daniel 4:14 - let

Verse 14

the end: Deuteronomy 13:11, Deuteronomy 21:21, Nehemiah 13:18, Daniel 4:32, Daniel 5:22, Daniel 5:23, 1 Corinthians 10:11, 2 Peter 2:6

stand up in their height: or, stand upon themselves for their height

delivered: Psalms 82:7, Hebrews 9:27

the nether: Ezekiel 32:18-32, Psalms 63:9, Psalms 63:10

Reciprocal: Isaiah 10:12 - the glory Ezekiel 31:10 - and his Ezekiel 31:16 - shall be comforted

Verse 15

I caused a: The deep and all the mighty rivers which cherished this fair tree are here described as mourning at his downfall: they stop their usual courses to bewail his fate, and Lebanon with all its stately trees - his confederates and allies sympathise with him in his misfortunes. Nahum 2:8-10, Revelation 18:9-11, Revelation 18:18, Revelation 18:19

mourn: Heb. be black, Malachi 3:4

Verse 16

made: Ezekiel 26:10, Ezekiel 26:15, Ezekiel 27:28, Nahum 2:3, Haggai 2:7, Hebrews 12:26, Hebrews 12:27, Revelation 11:13, Revelation 18:9-24

When I: Ezekiel 32:18-32, Isaiah 14:15

and all: Ezekiel 31:9, Ezekiel 31:18, Isaiah 14:8, Habakkuk 2:17

shall be comforted: Ezekiel 31:14, Ezekiel 32:31, Isaiah 14:15

Reciprocal: Genesis 2:8 - eastward Genesis 2:9 - every Isaiah 23:11 - stretched Jeremiah 50:46 - General Daniel 4:20 - General Matthew 11:23 - which art

Verse 17

went: Ezekiel 32:20-30, Psalms 9:17, Isaiah 14:9

that were: Ezekiel 30:6-8, Ezekiel 30:21-25, Nehemiah 3:17, Nehemiah 3:18

dwelt: Ezekiel 31:3, Ezekiel 31:6, Ezekiel 32:31, Lamentations 4:20, Daniel 4:11, Daniel 4:12, Mark 4:32

Reciprocal: Zechariah 11:2 - Howl Matthew 11:23 - which art

Verse 18

To whom: Pharaoh is here called upon to look in his mirror, and see the termination of his glory and greatness.

art thou: Ezekiel 31:2, Ezekiel 32:19

with the: Ezekiel 31:9, Ezekiel 31:16

thou shalt: Ezekiel 28:10, Ezekiel 32:10, Ezekiel 32:19, Ezekiel 32:21, Ezekiel 32:24-32, 1 Samuel 17:26, 1 Samuel 17:36, 2 Samuel 1:20, Jeremiah 9:25, Jeremiah 9:26

This is: That is, the judgment that befell the king of Assyria, is an exact representation of the destruction that remains for Pharaoh and all his people. 2 Chronicles 28:22, Psalms 52:7, Matthew 13:19, Matthew 26:26-28, 1 Corinthians 10:14

Reciprocal: Genesis 2:8 - eastward Genesis 2:9 - every Psalms 37:35 - a green bay tree Jeremiah 44:30 - I will Jeremiah 46:17 - Pharaoh Ezekiel 29:5 - I will leave Ezekiel 30:18 - the pomp Luke 3:9 - General Luke 10:15 - thrust

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Ezekiel 31". "Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/ezekiel-31.html.