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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
Ezekiel 37

 

 


Verse 1

the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4.

in the spirit = by the spirit. Compare Ezekiel 1:1, Ezekiel 1:3; Ezekiel 8:3; Ezekiel 11:24, Ezekiel 11:25; Ezekiel 40:2, Ezekiel 40:3. These expressions show the meaning of Revelation 1:10.

spirit. Hebrew. ruach. App-9.

valley = plain. Some word as in Ezekiel 3:22, Ezekiel 3:23, and Ezekiel 8:4.


Verse 2

round about = on every side. Hebrew. sabib sabib = on this side and on that side. Figure of speech Epizeuxis (App-6), for emphasis.

behold . . . lo. Figure of speech Asterismos. (App-6), calling special attention to that which was seen.


Verse 3

Son of man. See note on Ezekiel 2:1.

Lord GOD. Hebrew. Adonai Jehovah. See note on Ezekiel 2:4.


Verse 4

upon = over. Hebrew. "al.


Verse 5

breath = spirit. Hebrew. ruach. App-9.


Verse 6

Put breath, &c. Reference to Pentateuch (Genesis 2:7), App-92.

ye shall know, &c. See note on Ezekiel 6:7.


Verse 7

as = according as.

noise = voice.

shaking = commotion.


Verse 9

unto. Hebrew "el. Compare Ezekiel 37:4, and see the Structure above.

wind = spirit. Same as "breath" in Ezekiel 37:5.

breathe = blow. Hebrew. naphah.

slain deed (by violent death). Septuagint renders it tous nekrous. = corpses, as distinct from nekrous, which (without the Article) refers to the dead as having been once alive (compare Matthew 22:31. Luke 24:5. Cor Ezekiel 15:29 (first and third words), 35, 42, 52); while, with the Article it denotes corpses. See Deuteronomy 14:1. Matthew 22:32. Mark 9:10. Luke 16:30, Luke 16:31; Luke 24:46. Acts 23:6; Acts 24:15; Acts 26:8. Romans 6:13; Romans 10:7; Romans 11:15. Hebrews 11:19; Hebrews 11:13, Hebrews 11:20; 1 Corinthians 15:12, 1 Corinthians 15:13, 1 Corinthians 15:15, 1 Corinthians 15:16, 1 Corinthians 15:20, 1 Corinthians 15:21, 1 Corinthians 15:29 (second word), 32. Especially ep, 1 Peter 4:6. See App-139.


Verse 11

are = they [are]. Figure of speech Metaphor. App-6.

the whole house. As distinct from "the house",

we are cut off for our parts = as for us, we are quite cut off, or clean cut off.


Verse 12

graves = sepulchres, or burying-places. Hebrew.

keber, not Sheol. See App-35. The repetition of this must include resurrection as well as restoration.

into the land of Israel = upon the soil of Israel. Hebrew. "admath. See note on Ezekiel 11:17.


Verse 13

when I have opened = by My opening.

and brought yo up = by My causing you to come up.


Verse 14

spirit. Hebrew. ruach. App-9. Same word es "breath" and "wind" above.

place = settle.

in your own land = upon your own soil. Hebrew "adamah. Compare Ezekiel 37:21, and see note on Ezekiel 37:32.

saith the Lord GOD = [is] Adonai Jehovah"s oracle.


Verse 16

stick. Hebrew "wood": put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Cause), App-6, for anything made of it.

children = sons,

companions: i.e. Benjamin and Levi. Hebrew text reads "companion" (singular); but margin, with some codices and one early printed edition, reads "companions" (plural)

Joseph. Who held the primogeniture of the other tribes (1 Chronicles 6:1), forfeited by Reuben; and was represented by Ephraim, the head of the ten tribes. Compare 1 Kings 11:26, Isaiah 11:13. Jeremiah 31:6. Hosea 5:3, Hosea 5:6.

his companions: i.e. the other tribes.


Verse 17

hand. Some codices, with three early printed editions, read "hands" (plural)


Verse 19

fellows. Same word as "companions" in Ezekiel 37:16, and same note as to the readings.

him: or, it.


Verse 21

Behold. heathen; and. land. These words were chosen for the legend on the Zionist medal commemorating the National Federation (of 1896), which is a landmark in the history of the Jewish nation.

I even I. Figure of speech Epizeuxis (App-6).

heathen = nations.

land, Hebrew "eretz. Not the same word as in at Ezekiel 12:14, Ezekiel 12:21.


Verse 22

upon = among.

mountains. A special various readirg called Sevir (App-34) reads "cities".


Verse 23

idols = dirty gods.

detestable = abominable. Referring to idolatry, and its accompaniments.

transgressions = rebellions. Bob. pasha". App-44.

dwellingplaces. Septuagint reads "lawlessnesses". Compare Jeremiah 2:19; Jeremiah 3:22; Jeremiah 5:6. So Houbigant, Bishops Newcombe and Horsley, with Ginsburg.

wherein = whereby.

sinned. Hebrew. chata". App-44.

My People = to Me a People.

their God = to them a God.

God. Hebrew. Elohim. App-4.


Verse 24

David My servant = Hebrew My servant David. Occurs five times (Ezekiel 34:23, Ezekiel 34:24; Ezekiel 37:24. 1 Kings 11:32; 1 Kings 14:8). In Ezekiel 37:25 and 2 Samuel 3:18 tis (in Hebrew) "David My servant" (though the Authorized Version there renders it "My servant David").

shepherd = ruler.

judgments . . . statutes. See note on Deuteronomy 4:1.


Verse 25

And they shall dwell. Repeated in middle of the verse by the Figure of speech Mesarchia (App-6), for emphasis. given unto Jacob. And not any other land.

My servant David. Here, it is (in Hebrew) "David My servant".


Verse 26

covenant of peace. Compare Ezekiel 34:25.

everlasting covenant. See notes on Genesis 9:16, and Isaiah 44:7.


Verse 27

tabernacle. Her. mishkan. See App-42. Reference to Pentateuch (Leviticus 26:11, Leviticus 26:12). App-92.


Verse 28

shall know. See note on Ezekiel 6:30.

when, &c. = by the existence of My sanctuary in, &c.

for evermore. Therefore this prophecy yet awaits its fulfilment.

 


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Ezekiel 37:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/ezekiel-37.html. 1909-1922.

Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, November 28th, 2020
the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
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