Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Ezekiel 37

Introduction

1By the resurrection of dry bones,
11the dead hope of Israel is revived.
15By the uniting of two sticks,
18is shewn the incorporation of Israel into Judah.
21The promises of Christ's kingdom.

Verse 1

The hand of the LORD was upon me, and carried me out in the spirit of the LORD, and set me down in the midst of the valley which was full of bones,
hand
In this vision, the dry bones aptly represent the ruined and desperate state of both Israel and Judah; and the revivification of these bones signifies their restoration to their own land after their captivity, and also their recovery from their present long dispersion. Although this is the primary and genuine scope of the vision, yet the doctrine of a general resurrection of the dead may justly be inferred from it; for "a simile of the resurrection," says Jerome, after Tertullian and others, "would never have been used to signify the restoration of the people of Israel, unless such a future resurrection had been believed and known; because no one attempts to confirm uncertain things by things which have no existence."
1:3; 3:14,22; 33:22; 40:1; Revelation 1:10
carried
8:3; 11:24; 1 Kings 18:12; 2 Kings 2:16; Luke 4:1; Acts 8:39
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 13:21 - touched;  Job 14:14 - shall he live;  Psalm 53:5 - scattered;  Psalm 88:10 - shall;  Isaiah 11:11 - set his hand;  Isaiah 26:19 - dead men;  Isaiah 66:14 - your bones;  Jeremiah 8:1 - GeneralEzekiel 8:1 - that the;  Ezekiel 11:1 - the spirit;  Ezekiel 37:11 - Our bones;  Ezekiel 43:5 - the spirit;  Daniel 12:2 - many;  Mark 12:24 - because;  John 5:28 - for;  John 11:24 - I know;  Romans 11:15 - but;  2 Corinthians 1:9 - in God;  Colossians 2:13 - dead;  Hebrews 6:2 - resurrection

Verse 2

And caused me to pass by them round about: and, behold, there were very many in the open valley; and, lo, they were very dry.
valley
or, champaign.
Deuteronomy 11:30
they were
11; Psalms 141:7
Reciprocal: Jeremiah 31:40 - the whole;  Revelation 20:5 - This

Verse 3

And he said unto me, Son of man, can these bones live? And I answered, O Lord GOD, thou knowest.
can
John 6:5,6
O Lord God
Deuteronomy 32:29; 1 Samuel 2:6; John 5:21; 11:25,26; Acts 26:8; Romans 4:17; 2 Corinthians 1:9,10; Hebrews 11:19
Reciprocal: Nehemiah 4:2 - revive;  Isaiah 49:24 - Shall;  Ezekiel 2:1 - Son;  Luke 7:14 - Young;  John 11:44 - he that;  1 Corinthians 15:35 - How

Verse 4

Again he said unto me, Prophesy upon these bones, and say unto them, O ye dry bones, hear the word of the LORD.
Prophesy
11,15,16; Numbers 20:8; 1 Kings 13:2; Matthew 21:21; John 2:5
O ye
36:1; Isaiah 26:19; 42:18; Jeremiah 22:29; Micah 6:2; John 5:25,28,29
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 7:1 - Elisha said;  Job 10:11 - fenced;  Micah 6:1 - let;  Luke 5:5 - nevertheless;  Ephesians 5:14 - arise

Verse 5

Thus saith the Lord GOD unto these bones; Behold, I will cause breath to enter into you, and ye shall live:
I will
9,10,14; Genesis 2:7; Psalms 104:29,30; John 20:22; Romans 8:2; Ephesians 2:5
Reciprocal: Revelation 11:11 - the Spirit

Verse 6

And I will lay sinews upon you, and will bring up flesh upon you, and cover you with skin, and put breath in you, and ye shall live; and ye shall know that I am the LORD.
I will
ye shall
14; 6:7,13; 7:4,9; 11:10,12; 20:38; 28:22-26; 32:15; 34:27; 35:9,12,15; 38:23; 39:6,22,28; Deuteronomy 29:6; 1 Kings 20:28; Isaiah 49:23; Joel 2:27; 3:17
Reciprocal: Ezekiel 36:11 - and ye;  Ezekiel 37:13 - General

Verse 7

So I prophesied as I was commanded: and as I prophesied, there was a noise, and behold a shaking, and the bones came together, bone to his bone.
I prophesied as
Jeremiah 13:5-7; 26:8; Acts 4:19; 5:20-29
there
1 Kings 19:11-13; Acts 2:2,37; 16:26-29
Reciprocal: Ezekiel 11:13 - when;  Ezekiel 12:7 - I did so

Verse 9

Then said he unto me, Prophesy unto the wind, prophesy, son of man, and say to the wind, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Come from the four winds, O breath, and breathe upon these slain, that they may live.
wind
or, breath. Come.
5,14; Song of Solomon 4:16; John 3:8
Reciprocal: Psalm 104:30 - sendest;  John 20:22 - he breathed;  Acts 2:2 - as;  2 Corinthians 5:15 - that they;  Revelation 7:1 - four angels

Verse 10

So I prophesied as he commanded me, and the breath came into them, and they lived, and stood up upon their feet, an exceeding great army.
the breath
Psalms 104:30; Revelation 11:11; 20:4,5
Reciprocal: Psalm 119:50 - for thy;  Ezekiel 3:24 - the spirit;  Ezekiel 12:7 - I did so;  Ezekiel 37:5 - I will;  Acts 2:2 - as

Verse 11

Then he said unto me, Son of man, these bones are the whole house of Israel: behold, they say, Our bones are dried, and our hope is lost: we are cut off for our parts.
whole house
16,19; 36:10; 39:25; Jeremiah 31:1; 33:24-26; Hosea 1:11; Romans 11:26; 2 Corinthians 5:14; Ephesians 2:1
Our bones
1-8; Numbers 17:12,13; Psalms 77:7-9; 141:7; Isaiah 40:27; 49:14; Jeremiah 2:25
Reciprocal: Ezra 9:8 - reviving;  Job 14:19 - destroyest;  Job 17:16 - rest;  Psalm 31:22 - I am;  Psalm 143:3 - made me;  Isaiah 49:24 - Shall;  Jeremiah 18:12 - There;  Jeremiah 30:12 - GeneralJeremiah 31:17 - GeneralJeremiah 32:43 - GeneralJeremiah 33:10 - which ye;  Lamentations 3:18 - GeneralLamentations 3:54 - I said;  Lamentations 5:22 - But thou hast utterly rejected us;  Ezekiel 18:2 - the land;  Ezekiel 33:10 - how;  Ezekiel 37:2 - they were;  Ezekiel 37:4 - Prophesy;  Hosea 2:14 - and speak;  Hosea 2:15 - for;  Hosea 6:2 - two;  Hosea 13:14 - ransom;  Jonah 2:4 - I said;  Habakkuk 1:12 - we;  Zechariah 1:6 - Like;  Zechariah 4:6 - Not;  Zechariah 8:13 - O house;  Zechariah 9:12 - even;  Luke 5:5 - we;  Luke 22:19 - is my;  Acts 27:20 - all;  Romans 4:18 - against;  1 Corinthians 15:35 - How;  1 Thessalonians 4:13 - which have;  Revelation 11:8 - their dead

Verse 12

Therefore prophesy and say unto them, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, O my people, I will open your graves, and cause you to come up out of your graves, and bring you into the land of Israel.
Therefore
Job 35:14,15
I will open
This is a pointed allusion to the resurrection; under which figure Isaiah (ch. 26:9) also describes the restoration of the house of Israel, when he says, "thy dead men shall live;" at which time their bones are said to flourish, (ch. 66:14,) or to be restored to their former strength and vigour; and, in like manner, St. Paul, (Ro 11:15,) expresses their conversion by "life from the dead." In the land of their captivity, they seemed as absolutely deprived of their country as persons committed to the grave are cut off from the land of the living; but when Cyrus issued his proclamation, Jehovah, as it were, opened their graves, and when he stirred up their spirits to embrace the proffered liberty, he put his Spirit within them, that they might live; and their re-establishment in their own land evinced the truth of God in the prediction, and his power in its accomplishment.
21; Isaiah 26:19; 66:14; Hosea 6:2; 13:14; 1 Thessalonians 4:16; Revelation 20:13
and bring
25; 28:25; 36:24; Ezra 1:1-2; Amos 9:14,15
Reciprocal: Psalm 71:20 - shalt bring;  Daniel 12:2 - many;  Luke 5:5 - we

Verse 13

And ye shall know that I am the LORD, when I have opened your graves, O my people, and brought you up out of your graves,
6; 16:62; Psalms 126:2,3
Reciprocal: Psalm 71:20 - shalt bring;  Isaiah 52:6 - my people;  Ezekiel 36:11 - and ye;  Ezekiel 36:35 - like the

Verse 14

And shall put my spirit in you, and ye shall live, and I shall place you in your own land: then shall ye know that I the LORD have spoken it, and performed it, saith the LORD.
shall put
9; 11:19; 36:27; 39:29; Isaiah 32:15; Joel 2:28,29; Zechariah 12:10; Acts 2:16,17; Romans 8:2,11; 1 Corinthians 15:45; Titus 3:5,6
I the Lord
17:24; 22:14; 36:36
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 8:20 - hath performed;  Isaiah 27:3 - I the;  Isaiah 52:6 - my people;  Ezekiel 5:17 - I the;  Ezekiel 37:5 - I will;  Ezekiel 37:6 - ye shall;  2 Corinthians 5:15 - that they

Verse 16

Moreover, thou son of man, take thee one stick, and write upon it, For Judah, and for the children of Israel his companions: then take another stick, and write upon it, For Joseph, the stick of Ephraim, and for all the house of Israel his companions:
take thee
Numbers 17:2,3
For Judah
2 Chronicles 10:17; 11:11-17; 15:9; 30:11-18
For Joseph
1 Kings 12:16-20; 2 Chronicles 10:19
Reciprocal: Genesis 30:24 - And she;  1 Kings 18:31 - twelve stones;  Isaiah 7:2 - is confederate with;  Isaiah 11:13 - the envy;  Jeremiah 3:18 - In;  Jeremiah 31:1 - of;  Jeremiah 50:4 - the children of Israel;  Ezekiel 37:4 - Prophesy;  Ezekiel 37:11 - whole house;  Ezekiel 37:19 - Behold;  Hosea 1:11 - the children of Judah;  Amos 3:1 - against;  Obadiah 1:18 - the house of Joseph;  Zechariah 8:13 - O house;  Zechariah 10:6 - I will strengthen;  Zechariah 11:7 - one;  Zechariah 11:14 - I cut;  John 17:21 - they all

Verse 17

And join them one to another into one stick; and they shall become one in thine hand.
22-24; Isaiah 11:13; Jeremiah 50:4; Hosea 1:11; Zephaniah 3:9
Reciprocal: Ezekiel 37:19 - Behold;  Amos 3:1 - against

Verse 18

And when the children of thy people shall speak unto thee, saying, Wilt thou not shew us what thou meanest by these?
Wilt
12:9; 17:12; 20:49; 24:19
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 16:2 - What meanest;  Ezekiel 3:11 - the children

Verse 19

Say unto them, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will take the stick of Joseph, which is in the hand of Ephraim, and the tribes of Israel his fellows, and will put them with him, even with the stick of Judah, and make them one stick, and they shall be one in mine hand.
Behold
16,17; 1 Chronicles 9:1-3; Zechariah 10:6; Ephesians 2:13,14; Colossians 3:11
Reciprocal: Psalm 68:27 - princes;  Isaiah 17:6 - GeneralEzekiel 18:2 - the land;  Ezekiel 37:11 - whole house;  Amos 5:6 - the house;  Obadiah 1:18 - the house of Joseph;  Zechariah 8:7 - I

Verse 20

And the sticks whereon thou writest shall be in thine hand before their eyes.
in thine
12:3; Numbers 17:6-9; Hosea 12:10
Reciprocal: Ezekiel 21:6 - before;  Ephesians 2:14 - both

Verse 21

And say unto them, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will take the children of Israel from among the heathen, whither they be gone, and will gather them on every side, and bring them into their own land:
34:13; 36:24; 39:25; Deuteronomy 30:3,4; Isaiah 11:11-16; 27:12,13; 43:6; 49:12; Jeremiah 16:15; 23:3,8; 29:14; 30:3,10,18; 31:8-10; 32:37; 33:7,11; 50:19; Amos 9:14,15; Obadiah 1:17-21; Micah 7:11,12
Reciprocal: Psalm 106:47 - gather;  Psalm 147:2 - he;  Isaiah 32:17 - quietness;  Isaiah 43:5 - I will;  Isaiah 65:9 - I will;  Jeremiah 12:14 - and pluck;  Jeremiah 46:27 - I will save;  Ezekiel 11:17 - GeneralEzekiel 20:42 - when I;  Ezekiel 28:25 - When;  Ezekiel 37:12 - I will open;  Ezekiel 37:25 - they shall dwell in;  Ezekiel 38:8 - into the land;  Daniel 12:1 - thy people;  Hosea 11:11 - and I;  Joel 3:1 - when;  Obadiah 1:19 - the fields of Ephraim;  Micah 2:12 - surely assemble;  Micah 4:6 - and I;  Zephaniah 3:20 - even;  John 1:49 - the King;  Acts 3:19 - when;  Romans 11:26 - all;  Ephesians 4:13 - we all

Verse 22

And I will make them one nation in the land upon the mountains of Israel; and one king shall be king to them all: and they shall be no more two nations, neither shall they be divided into two kingdoms any more at all:
I will make
Isaiah 11:12,13; Jeremiah 3:18; 32:39; 50:4; Hosea 1:11; Ephesians 2:19-22
and one
It is evident that the grand union of Israel and Judah here predicted, and their government under one king, and that king to be David, must still be future; for, politically speaking, they never had a king from that day to this, far less a king or prince of that name. (See on ch. 34:23.)
24; 34:23,24; Genesis 49:10; Psalms 2:6,12; 72:1,8; Isaiah 9:6,7; Jeremiah 23:5,6; Jeremiah 33:14-17,26; Hosea 3:4,5; Luke 1:32,33; John 10:16; Revelation 11:15
Reciprocal: Isaiah 32:17 - quietness;  Jeremiah 16:15 - that brought;  Jeremiah 46:27 - I will save;  Jeremiah 50:19 - bring;  Ezekiel 6:2 - the mountains;  Ezekiel 20:40 - there shall;  Ezekiel 34:13 - I will bring;  Ezekiel 36:1 - the mountains;  Ezekiel 37:17 - GeneralEzekiel 39:25 - the whole;  Joel 3:1 - when;  Amos 3:9 - the mountains;  Micah 4:6 - and I;  Micah 5:2 - that is;  Mark 3:24 - GeneralJohn 17:21 - they all;  Ephesians 4:13 - we all

Verse 23

Neither shall they defile themselves any more with their idols, nor with their detestable things, nor with any of their transgressions: but I will save them out of all their dwellingplaces, wherein they have sinned, and will cleanse them: so shall they be my people, and I will be their God.
shall they defile
20:43; 36:25,29,31; 43:7,8; Isaiah 2:18; Hosea 14:8; Zechariah 13:1,2; 14:21
but
36:24,29; Leviticus 20:7,8; Micah 7:14
will cleanse
Ephesians 5:26,27; Hebrews 9:13,14; 1 John 1:7,9
they be
27; 36:28; 39:22; Genesis 17:7,8; Psalms 68:20,35; Jeremiah 31:1,33; 32:38,39; Hosea 1:10; Zechariah 13:9; Revelation 21:3,4,7
Reciprocal: Isaiah 54:14 - righteousness;  Jeremiah 11:4 - ye be;  Jeremiah 24:7 - and they;  Jeremiah 30:9 - GeneralEzekiel 11:18 - GeneralEzekiel 14:11 - neither;  Ezekiel 16:41 - and I;  Ezekiel 34:24 - I the Lord will;  Ezekiel 43:9 - the carcases;  Hosea 14:3 - neither;  Micah 5:13 - graven;  John 3:10 - and knowest

Verse 24

And David my servant shall be king over them; and they all shall have one shepherd: they shall also walk in my judgments, and observe my statutes, and do them.
David
25; Isaiah 55:3,4; Jeremiah 23:5; 30:9; Hosea 3:5; Luke 1:32
one
22; 34:23,24; Psalms 78:71,72; 80:1; Ecclesiastes 12:11; Isaiah 40:11; Micah 5:2,4; Zechariah 13:7; John 10:11,14-16; Ephesians 4:4-6; Hebrews 13:20; 1 Peter 5:4
they shall
36:27; Deuteronomy 30:6; Jeremiah 31:33; 32:39; 1 Corinthians 11:2; Ephesians 2:10; Philippians 2:12,13; Titus 2:11-13; 3:3-8; 1 John 2:6
Reciprocal: Genesis 28:13 - the land;  Leviticus 18:4 - GeneralNumbers 27:16 - set a man;  Deuteronomy 4:1 - unto the statutes;  Deuteronomy 5:32 - observe;  Deuteronomy 6:1 - the commandments;  Deuteronomy 12:28 - GeneralDeuteronomy 30:8 - General2 Samuel 5:2 - feed;  2 Chronicles 10:16 - David;  Psalm 89:29 - throne;  Isaiah 1:26 - And I will;  Isaiah 29:22 - Jacob shall;  Isaiah 37:35 - and for;  Jeremiah 3:15 - And I;  Jeremiah 23:6 - Judah;  Jeremiah 30:21 - governor;  Jeremiah 31:10 - and keep;  Jeremiah 33:22 - so;  Ezekiel 18:9 - walked;  Ezekiel 20:19 - walk;  Ezekiel 21:27 - until;  Ezekiel 45:7 - GeneralEzekiel 48:21 - the residue;  Daniel 12:1 - the great;  Amos 9:11 - raise;  Zephaniah 3:15 - the king;  Zechariah 1:16 - I am;  Zechariah 3:8 - my;  Zechariah 12:8 - the house;  Matthew 2:6 - rule;  Matthew 21:5 - thy King;  Matthew 25:34 - the King;  Mark 11:10 - the kingdom;  Luke 1:69 - in;  John 3:10 - and knowest;  John 12:34 - Christ;  Acts 1:6 - restore;  Acts 13:22 - he raised;  Acts 13:34 - the sure;  Acts 26:6 - the promise;  1 Peter 2:25 - the Shepherd

Verse 25

And they shall dwell in the land that I have given unto Jacob my servant, wherein your fathers have dwelt; and they shall dwell therein, even they, and their children, and their children's children for ever: and my servant David shall be their prince for ever.
they shall dwell in
21; 28:25; 36:28; 37:26; Jeremiah 30:3; 31:24; 32:41
even they
Isaiah 60:21; 66:22; Joel 3:20; Amos 9:15; Zephaniah 3:14,15; Zechariah 14:11
and my
24; Isaiah 9:6,7; Daniel 2:44,45; Zechariah 6:12,13; Luke 1:32,33; John 12:34; Hebrews 7:2,21
Reciprocal: Genesis 28:13 - the land;  Genesis 49:26 - everlasting hills;  2 Samuel 5:2 - feed;  2 Samuel 7:10 - plant them;  1 Chronicles 17:9 - and shall be;  2 Chronicles 10:16 - David;  Psalm 89:29 - throne;  Isaiah 1:26 - And I will;  Isaiah 30:19 - dwell;  Isaiah 32:17 - quietness;  Isaiah 37:35 - and for;  Isaiah 53:10 - he shall prolong;  Isaiah 55:3 - the sure;  Isaiah 59:21 - this;  Jeremiah 23:8 - GeneralJeremiah 31:17 - GeneralJeremiah 31:40 - it shall;  Jeremiah 32:39 - for the;  Ezekiel 18:2 - the land;  Ezekiel 20:41 - I bring;  Ezekiel 20:42 - when I;  Ezekiel 21:27 - until;  Ezekiel 34:23 - my servant;  Ezekiel 36:14 - no more;  Ezekiel 36:24 - GeneralEzekiel 37:12 - and bring;  Ezekiel 44:3 - the prince;  Hosea 2:19 - for;  Hosea 11:11 - and I;  Amos 9:11 - raise;  Amos 9:14 - build;  Zechariah 8:8 - and they shall dwell;  Matthew 25:34 - the King;  Mark 11:10 - the kingdom;  Luke 1:69 - in;  Luke 24:27 - and all;  Acts 2:39 - the promise;  Acts 5:31 - a Prince;  Acts 13:22 - he raised;  Acts 13:34 - the sure;  Revelation 11:15 - and he

Verse 26

Moreover I will make a covenant of peace with them; it shall be an everlasting covenant with them: and I will place them, and multiply them, and will set my sanctuary in the midst of them for evermore.
I will make
34:25; Genesis 17:7; 2 Samuel 23:5; Psalms 89:3,4; Isaiah 55:3; 59:20,21; Jeremiah 32:40; Hosea 2:18-23; John 14:27; Hebrews 13:20,21
multiply
36:10,37; Isaiah 27:6; 49:21; Jeremiah 30:19; 31:27; Zechariah 8:4,5; Hebrews 6:14
set
11:16; 43:7; 45:1-6; Leviticus 26:11,12; 1 Kings 8:20,21; Psalms 68:18; Zechariah 2:5; 2 Corinthians 6:16
Reciprocal: Genesis 49:26 - everlasting hills;  Deuteronomy 13:17 - and multiply;  1 Kings 6:13 - I will dwell;  Psalm 107:38 - He blesseth;  Psalm 114:2 - GeneralPsalm 125:5 - peace;  Isaiah 24:5 - broken;  Isaiah 54:13 - great;  Jeremiah 3:16 - when;  Jeremiah 31:31 - I;  Ezekiel 16:60 - I will establish;  Ezekiel 37:25 - they shall dwell in;  Ezekiel 39:29 - hide;  Ezekiel 43:9 - and I;  Joel 2:27 - I am;  Zephaniah 3:15 - is in;  Zechariah 14:11 - there;  Malachi 2:5 - covenant;  Ephesians 2:12 - the covenants;  Hebrews 8:8 - covenant

Verse 27

My tabernacle also shall be with them: yea, I will be their God, and they shall be my people.
tabernacle
John 1:14; Colossians 2:9,10; Revelation 21:3,22
I will
23; 11:20; 14:11; 36:28; Leviticus 26:12; Hosea 2:23
Reciprocal: Exodus 40:18 - reared;  Psalm 87:3 - Glorious;  Jeremiah 11:4 - ye be;  Jeremiah 24:7 - and they;  Jeremiah 30:22 - GeneralJeremiah 31:33 - and will;  Jeremiah 32:38 - GeneralEzekiel 16:60 - I will establish;  Ezekiel 34:24 - I the Lord will;  Ezekiel 34:30 - GeneralEzekiel 39:29 - hide;  Hosea 2:1 - Ammi;  Hosea 11:9 - the Holy One;  Zechariah 2:10 - and I;  Zechariah 8:8 - they shall be my;  Zechariah 13:9 - It is my people;  John 20:17 - your God;  2 Corinthians 6:16 - I will be;  Hebrews 8:10 - I will be

Verse 28

And the heathen shall know that I the LORD do sanctify Israel, when my sanctuary shall be in the midst of them for evermore.
the heathen
36:23,36; 38:23; 39:7,23; Psalms 79:10; 102:15; 126:2; Romans 11:15
sanctify
20:12; Exodus 31:13; Leviticus 20:8; 21:8; John 17:17-19; 1 Corinthians 1:30; Ephesians 5:26; 1 Thessalonians 5:23 Reciprocal: Exodus 40:18 - reared;  Psalm 87:3 - Glorious;  Isaiah 27:3 - I the;  Isaiah 29:22 - Jacob shall;  Jeremiah 29:11 - thoughts;  Lamentations 4:22 - he will no;  Ezekiel 38:14 - shalt;  Hosea 11:9 - the Holy One

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Ezekiel 37". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/ezekiel-37.html.