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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
Jeremiah 6



Verse 1

children = sons.

Benjamin. Put by Figure of speech Synecdoche (of the Part), for the whole of Judah, on account of their close connection with the Gibeathites (Judges 19:16. Hosea 9:9; Hosea 10:9).

flee out. In Jeremiah 4:6 it was "flee to". Now Jerusalem itself is to be taken.

blow . . . Tekoa. Figure of speech Paronomasia (App-6), for emphasis. Hebrew. bithko"ah . . . tik"u.

Tekoa. Now Khan Teku"a, five miles south of Bethlehem, ten from Jerusalem.

a sign of Are = a fire-signal.

Beth-haccerem = house of the vineyards. Not identified. Conder suggests such a house at "Ain Karim.

evil. Hebrew. ra"a". App-44.

north. Because the armies from Assyria entered the land from the north. See note on Jeremiah 3:12.

destruction = fracture, or damage, as in Jeremiah 6:14.

Verse 2

daughter. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Adjunct), for the helpless inhabitants.

woman. Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 28:56). App-92.

Verse 3

shepherds: i.e. the Chaldean armies. See Jeremiah 3:15,

Verse 4

Prepare, &c. = Prosecute a holy war.

at noon. In the heat of the day, when most are resting. Compare Jeremiah 15:8. Song of Solomon 1:7. Isaiah 32:2. See 2 Samuel 4:5.

Woe unto us, &c. See note on Jeremiah 15:8.

Verse 6

the LORD of hosts = Jehovah Zebbaioth, the first of thirtynine occurrences of this title in Jeremiah (Jeremiah 6:6, Jeremiah 6:9; Jeremiah 8:3; Jeremiah 9:7, Jeremiah 9:17; Jeremiah 10:16; Jeremiah 11:17, Jeremiah 11:20, Jeremiah 11:22; Jeremiah 19:11; Jeremiah 20:12; Jeremiah 23:15, &c.)

cast a mount = pour out: i.e. the earth from baskets to make a mount.

Verse 7

fountain. Hebrew. bor = a well, bored or hewn out. Compare 2 Samuel 23:15, 2 Samuel 23:16. 1 Chronicles 11:17. See note on Genesis 21:19.

Verse 8

My soul = I myself. Hebrew. nephesh. App-13.

Verse 9

as a vine. Here, and in Jeremiah 8:13, one Codex (Harley, 5720, B. M., Lond.) reads, "on the vine".

Verse 10

give warning = testify.

ear is uncircumcised. Reference to Pentateuch (Exodus 6:12, Exodus 6:30. Leviticus 26:41). Figure of speech Catachresis (App-6). An ear not brought into the covenant.

a reproach. Note the fate of Jehovah"s word in the down-grade of Jeremiah"s days. in Jeremiah 6:10 a reproach; in Jeremiah 8:9, rejected; in Jeremiah 17:15, scoffed at; in Jeremiah 23:36, perverted.

they. So the Mugah Codex quoted in the Massorah. But other codices, with three early printed editions, read "and they".

Verse 11

children = a young child. Hebrew. "ul.

Verse 12

turned unto others. Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 28:30).

saith the LORD = [is] Jehovah"s oracle.

Verse 13

covetousness. Reference to Pentateuch (Exodus 18:21). App-92.

Verse 14

hurt. Same word as "destruction" (Jeremiah 6:1).

of the daughter. Some codices, with four early printed editions, read these words in the text.

Peace, peace. Figure of speech Epizeuxis (App-6), for emphasis. See note on Isaiah 26:3.

Verse 15

could they = knew they how to.

Verse 16

Stand ye, &c. A gracious appeal to avoid the threatened calamity, as in Jeremiah 2:2.

old paths. Compare Jeremiah 18:15.

good = right.

find rest. Compare Matthew 11:29, Matthew 11:30; where a like invitation and promise is given to those who will "learn". Following likewise on a preceding threatening of judgment. Compare Deuteronomy 28:65.

your souls = yourselves (emphatic). Hebrew. nephesh.

Verse 17

Hearken = Give ye heed. Some codices, with two early printed editions, read "And (therefore) give ye heed".

Verse 18

congregation = assembly (in its civil aspect). Hebrew. "edah, a technical Pentateuchal word. First occurrence in Exodus 12:3, Exodus 12:6, Exodus 12:19, Exodus 12:47. Used technically of Israel, fifteen times in Exodus; twelve in Leviticus; eighty-three times in Numbers. Found in the prophets only here; Jeremiah 30:20; and Hosea 7:12 (reference to Pentateuch) App-92.

Verse 19

evil = calamity. Hebrew. ra"a".

My law. Reference to Pentateuch. Note that "words" and "law" are put alternatively.

Verse 20

incense = frankincense. Put by Figure of speech Synecdoche (of the Part), App-6, ror the whole incense of which it was an ingredient.

Sheba. In the south of Arabia.

not acceptable. Compare Isaiah 1:11-15.

Verse 21

tower = watchtower; or, an assayer.

try = assay (as an assayer of metals).

way. Some codices read "heart".

Verse 22

the sides, &c. Idiom for a great distance.

Verse 23

roareth = will roar. Compare Isaiah 5:29, Isaiah 5:30. Compare Isaiah 5:29-30.

men. Hebrew. "ish. App-14

Verse 25

fear is on every side = terror is round about. Compare Jeremiah 20:3, Jeremiah 20:10; Jeremiah 46:5; Jeremiah 49:29. Lamentations 2:22.

Verse 26

and. Some codices, with five early printed editions, omit this "and".

Verse 28

brass and iron. Not silver and gold. Compare Ezekiel 22:18.

Verse 29

founder melteth = refiner refineth.

Verse 30

Reprobate . . . rejected. Note the Figure of speech Paronomasia (App-6). Hebrew. nim"as . . . ma"as: i.e. rejected (silver) . . . rejected (them). Compare Isaiah 1:22. Ezekiel 22:18.


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Jeremiah 6:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

Lectionary Calendar
Friday, November 27th, 2020
the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
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