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streets = out places, or outskirts.
broad places = market, or open places of concourse.
if ye can find. Reference to Pentateuch (Genesis 18:26 , &c). Points to reign of Jehoiakim rather than that of Josiah.
I will pardon. Reference to Pentateuch (Genesis 18:24-1.18.32 ). App-92 .
the truth = faithfulness. The same word as in Jeremiah 5:1 .
have not grieved = have felt no pain.
poor = become poor, or impoverished, reduced in means. Hebrew. dal. See note on "poverty", Proverbs 6:11 .
judgment = justice.
altogether = together, or with one accord.
evenings = deserts.
transgressions = revolts.
backslidings = apostasies.
increased = strong, or many.
children = sons.
forsaken Me. Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 32:15 , Deuteronomy 32:21 ).
sworn. Compare Jeremiah 5:2 .
fed them to the full. So in many codices, with two early printed editions, Aramaean, Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulgate; but some codices, with five early printed editions, read "made them swear".
committed adultery. Reference to Pentateuch (Exodus 20:14 .Deuteronomy 5:18; Deuteronomy 5:18 ). The usual formula for idolatry.
in the morning: i.e. roaming at large.
Shall I not visit . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis.
My soul = I Myself, for emphasis. Hebrew. nephesh. Figure of speech Anthropopatheia.
be avenged = avenge herself. Compare Jeremiah 5:29 ; Jeremiah 9:9 .
not a full end. Compare Jeremiah 5:18 , and Jeremiah 4:27 .
the house of Israel. See note on Jeremiah 2:4 .
the house of Judah. See note on Jeremiah 2:4 .
belied = acted deceitfully against. Compare Joshua 24:27 .
evil = calamity.
prophets: i.e. Jeremiah, and others with him. See one in Ch. Jeremiah 26:20 .
wind. Hebrew. ruach. App-9 .
the LORD God of hosts. Hebrew. Jehovah. the Elohim of Zebaioth. Occurs in Jeremiah only here, Jeremiah 15:16 ; Jeremiah 35:17 ; and Jeremiah 49:5 .
I will bring. Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 28:49 ). App-92 .
a nation: i.e. the Chaldeans, but not yet named as such.
ancient. Compare Genesis 10:10 .
understandest = hearest. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Cause), for what is understood. Compare 1 Corinthians 14:2 .
they shall eat up. Reference to Pentateuch (Leviticus 26:16 ). App-92 . Repeated three times by Figure of speech Anaphora , for great emphasis.
harvest, &c. Note the similar enumeration in Habakkuk 3:17 .
impoverish = beat down. Only again in Malachi 1:4 .
trustedst = confidedst. Hebrew. batah. App-69 .
Wherefore . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis. Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 29:24 , Deuteronomy 29:25 ).
strange . . . strangers = foreign . . . foreigners, or aliens.
Declare . . . publish. Compare Jeremiah 4:15 .
in the house of Jacob. Only here, and Amos 3:13 , with the Preposition "in". See note on Jeremiah 2:4 .
understanding. Hebrew "heart".
That giveth rain. Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 11:14 ).
both = even. Some codices omit this word.
the appointed . . . harvest. Reference to Pentateuch (Genesis 8:22 ).
iniquities. Hebrew. 'avah. App-44 .
sins. Hebrew. chata' . App-44 .
good = the good (singular)
wicked. Hebrew. ra'a'. App-44 .
waxen fat. Reference to Pentateuch, (the same word as in Deuteronomy 32:15 ).
the wicked = a lawless one. Hebrew. rasha'. App-44 .
the fatherless = an orphan.
yet they prosper: or, that they [the fatherless] should prosper. Figure of speech Ellipsis. App-6 . Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 10:18 ; Deuteronomy 24:17 ; Deuteronomy 27:19 ).
the needy = needy ones.
Shall I not. ? Note the repeated Figure of speech Erotesis , in the form of Figure of speech Anaphora. App-6 .
A wonderful = An astounding.
by their means. Prophets were raised up when the priests failed in their duty. Now they had become in accord with them. Compare Jeremiah 23:25 , Jeremiah 23:26 . Ezekiel 13:6 , &c.
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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Jeremiah 5". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/
the Second Week of Advent