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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
John 14

 

 

Other Authors
Verse 1

not. Greek. me. App-105.

troubled. Compare John 11:33 (Himself); John 12:27 (My soul); John 18:21 (spirit). Here it is the heart. In all cases the whole being is meant. See also Luke 24:38.

ye believe. There is no reason for translating the two verbs differently. Both are imperative. "Believe in God, and believe in Me".

believe. App-150.

in. Greek. eis. God. App-98.


Verse 2

In. Greek. en. App-104.

My Father"s. In John"s Gospel the Lord uses this expression thirty-five times, though in a few instances the texts read "the" instead of "My". It is found fourteen times in these three chapters 14-16. It occurs seventeen times in Matthew, six times in Luke (three times in parables), but not once in Mark.

mansions = abiding places. Greek. more (from meno, a characteristic word in this Gospel). Occurs only here and in John 14:23,

if it were not so = if not. Greek. ei me. There is no verb. I would, &c. All the texts add "that" (hoti), and read "would I have told you that I go", &c.


Verse 3

if. App-118.

I will come, &c. = again I am coming, and I will receive you.

unto. Greek. pros. App-104.

that = in order that. Greek hires.

yemay be also = ye also may be.


Verse 4

know. Greek. oida. App-132. Most of the texts omit the second "ye know", and read, "whither, &c., ye know the way. "


Verse 5

Thomas. See App-94and App-141.

unto = to. Lord. App-98. A.

not. Greek. ou. App-105.

can, &c. The texts read, "know we".


Verse 6

Jesus. App-98.

am. This affirmation used by our Lord at least twenty-five times in John. See John 4:26; John 6:20 ("It is I". Greek Ego eimi), 35, 41, 48, 51; John 8:12, John 8:18, John 8:23, John 8:24, John 8:28, John 8:58; John 10:7, John 10:9, John 10:11, John 10:14; John 11:25; John 13:19; John 15:1, John 15:5; John 18:5, John 18:6, John 18:8, John 18:37.

way. Compare Acts 9:2; Acts 18:25, Acts 18:26; Acts 19:9, Acts 19:23; Acts 22:4; Acts 24:22.

the truth = and the truth. Note the Figure of speech Polysyndeton to emphasize the Lord"s statement.

truth. Greek aletheia. Compare App-175. This word occurs twenty-five times in John, always in the lips of the Lord, save John 1:14, John 1:17 and John 18:38 (Pilate). Only seven times in Matthew, Mark, and Luke.

life. App-170., a characteristic word in this Gospel, where it occurs thirty-six times. See first occurance (Matthew 7:14), "the way which leadeth unto life", and compare 1 John 5:11, 1 John 5:12, 1 John 5:20.

no man = no one. Greek. oudeis.

cometh. Compare John 6:44.

the Father. See John 1:14,

but = if not. Greek ei me.

by = through. Greek dia. App-104. John 14:1.


Verse 7

If, &c. App-118.

known. App-132.

from henceforth = from (Greek. apo. App-104. iv) now.

seen. App-133. Compare 1 John 1:1.


Verse 8

Philip. See John 1:43-48; John 6:5; John 12:21, John 12:22, and App-141.


Verse 9

so long time. Philip, one of the first called. See John 1:43.

with. Greek. meta. App-104.


Verse 10

Believest. App-150.

the words, &c. Supply the Ellipsis (App-6) thus: "The words that I speak, I speak not of Myself, but the Father that dwelleth in Me speaketh them, and the works that I do, I do not of Myself, but the Father that dwelleth in Me doeth them".

words. Greek. rhema. See Mark 9:32.

of = from, Greek. apo. App-104.

dwelleth =

abideth. Greek. meno. See p. 1511.

the works. The texts read "His works".


Verse 11

Believe Me that, &c. App-150.

believe Me. App-150.

for . . . sake = On account of. Greek. dia. App-104. John 14:2.

very works = works themselves.


Verse 12

Verily, verily. The twenty-second occurance. See on John 1:51.

the works, &c.: i.e. similar works, e.g. Acts 3:7; Acts 3:9. as.

he do also = he also do.

greater. Not only more remarkable miracles (Acts 5:15; Acts 19:12) by the men who were endued with power from on high (pneuma hagion, App-101.), but a more extended and successful ministry. The Lord rarely went beyond the borders of Palestine. He for-bade the twelve to go save to the lost sheep of the house of Israel (Matthew 10:5, Matthew 10:6); after Pentecost they went "everywhere" (Acts 8:4), and Paul could say, "your faith is spoken of throughout the whole world" (Romans 1:8).


Verse 13

ask. App-134. Compare Matthew 7:7.

name. The word occurs first in Matthew 1:21, associated with Jesus (App-98. X). Compare Mark 16:17 with Acts 3:6, Acts 3:16; Acts 4:10, &c.

glorified. See John 12:16.


Verse 15

love. Greek. agapao. App-135., and see p. 1511. keep. Most of the texts read, "ye will keep".


Verse 16

pray. Greek. erotao. App-134. Not aiteo as in John 14:18. See 1 John 5:16, where both words are used.

shall = will.

another. Greek. allos. App-124.

Comforter. Greek. parakletos, rendered "Advocate" in 1 John 2:1. Parakletos and the Latin Advocatus both mean one called to the side of another for help or counsel. The word is only found in John: here; John 14:26; John 15:26; John 16:7 and 1 John 2:1. So we have one Paraclete (the Holy Spirit) as here, and another with the Father. The Rabbinical writings often refer to the Messiah under the title Menahem (= Comforter), and speak of His days as the days of consolation. Compare Luke 2:25. See Dr. John Lightfoot"s Works, vol. xii, p. 384.

abide. Greek. meno. Same as "dwelleth "in John 14:10. See p. 1611.

for ever. Greek. eis ton aiona. App-151.


Verse 17

the Spirit of truth = the Spirit (App-101.) of the truth. The definite article in both cases.

world. Greek. kosmos. App-129.

cannot = is not (App-105) able to.

seeth. Greek. theoreo. App-133.

with = beside. Greek. para. App-104.


Verse 18

comfortless = orphans. Greek. or phanos. Occurs only here and James 1:27.

will come = am coming. As in John 14:3.

to. Greek. pros. App-104.


Verse 19

a little while; i.e. about thirty hours. From the moment the Lord was taken down from the cross and entombed, He disappeared from the eyes of the world. Acts 10:40, Acts 10:41.

no more. Greek. ouk eti.

shall live also = also shall live.


Verse 20

At = In. Greek. en. App-104.

At that day. Referring primarily to the forty days after His resurrection, but this well-known Hebrew term describes the day of the Lord, in contra- distinction to this present day of man (1 Corinthians 4:3 margin) See Isaiah 2:11-17 and Revelation 1:10.

I in you. Fulfilled primarily at Pentecost, but looking on to the time when He will be among (Greek. en. App-104.) His people, as Jehovah-Shammah. See Ezekiel 43:7; Ezekiel 48:35. Zephaniah 3:15-17.


Verse 21

of = by. Greek. hupo. App-104.

manifest. Greek. emphanizo. App-106.


Verse 22

Judas. App-141. Brother or son of James (Luke 6:16, Revised Version) Five others of this name. Judas Iscariot; Judas, the Lord"s brother (Matthew 13:30); Judas of Galilee (Acts 5:37); Judas of Damascus (Acts 9:11); and Judas Barsabas (Acts 15:22). This is the only mention of this Judas. how is it . . . P = how comes it to pass?

wilt = art about to.


Verse 23

answered, &c. See note on Deuteronomy 1:41 and App-122.

a man = any one. Greek. tis. App-123.

words = word (singular) Greek. logos: i.e. the commandments of verses: John 14:15, John 14:21.

abode. Same word as "mansions", in John 14:2.


Verse 24

sayings = words. Greek. logos. Same as "word "in the next clause, and in John 14:23. Compare John 8:51, John 8:52, John 8:55, and see note on Mark 9:32. Which sent Me. This expression (Greek. ho pempsas, App-174.), Occurs twenty-four times, all in John. See John 4:34; John 5:23, John 5:24, John 5:30, John 5:37; John 6:38, John 6:39, John 6:40, John 6:44; John 7:16, John 7:28, John 7:33; John 8:16, John 8:18, John 8:26, John 8:29; John 9:4; John 12:44, John 12:45, John 12:49; John 13:20; John 15:21; John 16:5. In the third person, "that sent Him", twice, John 7:18; John 13:16.


Verse 25

being yet present = abiding. Greek. mend. A characteristic word in John"s Gospel. See p. 1511. Same word as "abide", John 14:16, and "dwell", verses: John 14:10, John 14:17.


Verse 26

the Holy Ghost = the Spirit, the Holy. Greek. to Pneuma to Hagion. The only place in John where the two articles are found. Elsewhere Matthew 12:32. Mark 3:29; Mark 12:36; Mark 13:11. Luke 2:26; Luke 3:22. Acts 1:16; Acts 5:3, Acts 5:32; Acts 7:61; Acts 8:18; Acts 10:44, Acts 10:47; Acts 11:15; Acts 13:2, Acts 13:4; Acts 15:8; Acts 19:6; Acts 20:23, Acts 20:28; Acts 21:11; Acts 21:28, Acts 21:25. Ephesians 1:13; Ephesians 4:30. Hebrews 3:7; Hebrews 9:8; Hebrews 9:10. is. Twenty-eight times (7 x 4 = 28. App-10). See App-101.

he = that One. Greek. ekeinos.

teach. Greek. didasko. Occurs 97 times, always rendered "teach". Compare 1 John 2:27. Other words translated "teach "are katangello, Acts 16:21; katecheo, 1 Corinthians 14:19. Galatians 1:6, Galatians 1:6; matheteuo, Matthew 28:19. Acts 14:21; and paideuo, Acts 22:3. Titus 2:12.

bring, &c. = put you in mind of. Occurs seven times: Luke 22:61. 2 Timothy 2:14. Titus 3:1. 2 Peter 1:12. 2 John 1:10. Jude 1:5. Compare John 2:17, John 2:22; John 12:16. Luke 24:6, Luke 24:8 (a kindred word).


Verse 27

Peace. Figure of speech Synecdoche. Greek. eirene. Six times in John, always by the Lord. Compare Daniel 10:19.

with you = to you.

My peace. The Prince of Peace (Isaiah 9:6) alone can give true peace. Compare John 16:33; John 20:19, John 20:21, John 20:26. Luke 24:36.

unto = to,

world. Greek kosmos. App-129. The world talks of peace, and we have Peace Societies, and Temples of Peace, while the nations are arming to the teeth. The world (Acts 4:27) slew Him Who came to bring peace, and now talks of creating a "World"s Peace" without the Prince of Peace, in ignorance of Psalms 2:1. Proverbs 1:25-27. 1 Thessalonians 5:8.

neither. Greek mede.

be afraid = show cowardice. Greek. deiliao. Occures only here. The noun deilia. Occurs only in 2 Timothy 1:7, and the adjective deilos in Matthew 8:26. Mark 4:40. Revelation 21:8.


Verse 28

have heard = heard (Aor.)

come again = am coming (omit "again "). I said. All the texts omit.

greater. The Lord was not inferior as to His essential being (see verses: John 14:9-11; John 10:30), but as to His office, as sent by the Father. See 1 Corinthians 15:27. Philippians 1:2, Philippians 1:9-11.


Verse 29

now. Greek. nee. See John 12:27.

believe. App-150.


Verse 30

Hereafter I will not = No longer (Greek. ouk eti) will I.

prince. See John 12:31.

nothing. Greek. ouk ouden, a double negative, for emphasis. No sin for Satan to work upon. Compare John 8:46. 2 Corinthians 6:21. Hebrews 4:15. 1 Peter 2:22, 1 Peter 2:23; 1 John 3:5.


Verse 31

that = in order that. Greek. hina.

I love. The only place where the Lord speaks of loving the Father. Six times the Father"s love to the Son is mentioned, John 3:35; John 10:17; John 16:9; John 17:23, John 17:24, John 17:26. The adjective agapetos, beloved, does not occur in John"s Gospel, but nine times in his Epistles. See App-135.

as = even as.

gave . . . commandment = charged. Compare Matthew 4:6; Matthew 17:9, and see notes on Isa. . John 49:6-9.

even so. Compare John 3:14; John 5:23; John 12:60. Note even as . . . even so.

I do = I am doing, i.e. carrying it out in obedience to the Father"s will. Compare John 4:34; John 5:30; John 6:38-40. Philippians 1:2, Philippians 1:8. Hebrews 5:8,

arise. Implying haste . Greek. egeiro. App-178.

let us go. Compare John 11:15.

 


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on John 14:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/john-14.html. 1909-1922.

Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, October 17th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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