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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
Luke 5

 

 

Verse 1

And, &c. verses: Luke 5:1-11.

it came to pass. See Luke 1:8.

to hear = and heard. So all the texts. God. App-98.

He. Emphatic, to distinguish Him from the crowds.

stood = was standing.

by = beside. Greek. para. App-101.

the lake, &c. See App-169. Matthew, Mark, and John call it "sea".


Verse 2

saw. App-133. Not the same word as in Luke 5:27, Luke 5:1 two ships. At that time there were about 4,000 on the lake.

ships = boats.

standing : i.e. at anchor. Eng. idiom is "lying".

the fishermen. This call was not that of Mark 1:16-20. When the Lord said "Let us go", &c. (Mark 1:38), they perhaps did not go with Him, but returned to their ships. But from this second call they never left Him. See Luke 5:11, below.

out of = away from. Greek. apo. App-104. as in Luke 5:36. Not the same word as in verses: Luke 5:3, Luke 5:17.

washing. Greek. apopluno. App-136. At the first call they were casting their net (amphiblestron). Here they were washing their nets.

nets. Greek. Plural of diktuon. Compare John 21:6-11.


Verse 3

into. Greek eis. App-104. Not the same word as in Luke 5:16.

prayed = asked. See App-134. Not the same word as in Luke 5:16.

thrust out = push off. A nautical word.

from = away from. land. Greek. ge. App-129. sat down. The attitude for teaching. See note on Luke 4:20.

taught = was teaching. Imperf. Tense.

out of. Greek. ek. App-104. Not the same as in verses: Luke 5:2, Luke 5:36.


Verse 4

when He had left speaking. The Aorist Tense implies the immediate succession of the events.

unto. Greek. pros. App-104. The same word as in Luke 5:10.

Launch out. Same as "thrust out" in Luke 5:3. Addressed to one (Peter).

let down = let ye down: addressed to all. Occurs seven times; five of these by Luke, here, Luke 5:5; Acts 9:25; Acts 27:17, Acts 27:30. The other two are Mark 2:4. 2 Corinthians 11:33.

for = with a view to. Greek eis. App-104. Not the same word as in Luke 5:14 -. Same as in Luke 5:14.

draught = haul. Used of what is drawn, from Anglo-Saxon drag-an.


Verse 5

unto = to.

Master. Greek Epistates. A word peculiar to Luke, implying knowledge and greater authority than Rabbi, or Teacher. Occurs seven times (Luke 5:5; Luke 8:24, Luke 8:24, Luke 8:45; Luke 9:33, Luke 9:49; Luke 17:13, and nowhere else). See App-98.

all = allthrough. Greek dia. App-104. Luke 5:1.

at = upon, or [relying] upon. Greek. epi. App-104. As in Luke 5:9. Not with the same case as in Luke 5:27.


Verse 6

multitude = shoal.

brake = were beginning to break. Imperfect Tense. Occurances Luke 8:29 and Acts 14:14. Elsewhere only in Matthew 26:65. Mark 14:63 ("rent ").


Verse 7

in. Greek. en. App-104. Not the same as in verses: Luke 5:18, Luke 5:19.

other = different = another of two. See App-124.

began to sink = are now sinking.


Verse 8

Jesus. App-98.

I am a sinful man. True conviction has regard to what one is, not to what one has done. Compare Manoah (Judges 13:22), Israel (Exodus 20:19), men of Beth-shemesh (1 Samuel 6:20), David (2 Samuel 12:13), Job (Job 40:4; Job 42:2-6), Isaiah (Isaiah 6:5).

a sinful man = a man (App-123.) a sinner. Emphasizing the individual.

Lord. Not "Jesus", as in Luke 4:34. See App-98.


Verse 9

he was astonished = astonishment laid hold of him.

with = united with. Greek. sun. App-104.


Verse 10

also James = James also.

Zebedee. Aramaean. App-94.

not. Greek. me. App-105.

catch = be capturing (alive), used of taking captives. Greek. zogreo. Occurs only here, and 2 Timothy 2:26.

men. App-123.


Verse 11

to. Greek. epi. App-104.

forsook all = let go all. Not the same word as in Luke 5:28. Compare Luke 18:28-30. Mark 10:29, Mark 10:30. See note on Luke 5:2,


Verse 12

when He was = in (Greek. en, as in Luke 5:7) His being.

a certain city = one of the cities. Probably one in which "most of His mighty works were done", viz. Chorazin or Bethsaida. When named together these arein this order. By comparing Luke 5:18 and Mark 1:45 with Mark 5:29, Matthew 9:10 and Mark 2:15, it seemsthat that certain city was not Capernaum. The attempts to "touch "the Lord were all in that city or neighbourhood (Luke 6:19. Matthew 9:20; Matthew 14:36. Mark 3:10; Mark 6:56. Compare Luke 5:15). Hence this city was probably Chorazin.

behold. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6and App-133.

full of leprosy. "Full", in this connection, is a medical word. Compare Colossians 4:14. See note on Exodus 4:6.

on. Greek. epi. App-104. Not the same case asin Luke 5:24. Greek. deomai. App-134.

Lord. Now being proclaimed as to His person: the King, Lord of all and yet (Luke 5:24) the Son of man. Compare Matthew 8:2, Matthew 8:6, Matthew 8:8, Matthew 8:20.

if. Denoting a contingent probability. See App-118.

wilt. Greek. thelo. App-102.

clean. The sick are healed: lepers are cleansed.


Verse 13

touched. See note on "city", Luke 5:12.

thou clean = be thou made clean (Passive). "


Verse 14

charged. A military word. Also used of a physician, "prescribe".

no man = no one. Compound of me. App-105. no one whom he might happen to meet.

but = but [said].

go . . . show, &c. See Leviticus 14:1-32.

for = concerning. Greek. peri. App-104.

Moses. See note on Matthew 8:4. The first of ten occ in Luke; Luke 2:22; Luke 5:14; Luke 9:30, Luke 9:33; Luke 16:29, Luke 16:31; Luke 16:20, Luke 16:28, Luke 37:24, Luke 37:27, Luke 37:44.


Verse 15

fame = report. Greek. logos.

of = concerning. Greek. peri. App-104.

came together = kept coming together.

by. Greek. hupo. App-104. All the texts omit "by Him".

of = from. Greek. apo. App-104.


Verse 16

withdrew = continued withdrawn. Peculiar to Luke here, and Luke 9:10.

into = in. Greek. en. App-104.

prayed. Greek. proseuchomai. App-134. The second recorded occasion in Luke; see Luke 3:21.


Verse 17

on = in. Greek. en. App-104. See the Structure "S" and "S".

a certain day = in one of the days.

that = and.

doctors, &c. = teachers of the law. Greek. nomodida skalos. Occurs only here, Acts 5:34, and 1 Timothy 1:7.

Galilee, . . . Judaea, . . . Jerusalem. Palestine was divided into the three districts (mountain, seashore and valley). Compare Acts 1:8; Acts 10:39

the LORD = Jehovah. App-98.

to = for, or with a view to. Greek. eis. App-104.

them. TTrm. A WH R. read "him" instead of "them". If so, then the clause reads, "the power of Jehovah: was [present] for Him to heal", but miracles were few "because of their unbelief", Matthew 13:58.


Verse 18

brought = carrying.

in = upon. Greek. epi. App-104.

bed = couch. Greek. kline; not the poor man"s bed, krabbaton. John 5:10.

taken with a palsy = paralysed. Greek. paraluomai. Not the same word as in Luke 4:38.

Luke always uses the Verb, not the Adjective (contrast Matthew 4:24; Matthew 8:6. Mark 2:3-10). Compare Acts 8:7. Strictly medical usage. Compare Colossians 4:14.

lay = place.


Verse 19

by. Greek dia. All the texts omit.

because = on account of. Greek. dia. App-104. Luke 5:2.

upon. Greek. epi. App-104.

through. Greek. dia. App-104. Luke 5:1.


Verse 20

their faith. Why exclude the man himself, as is generally done?

are = have been.


Verse 21

can forgive = is able to forgive.

God. App-98.


Verse 22

perceived = well knowing. Greek. epiginosko. App-132.

thoughts = reasonings.

answering said. See note on Deuteronomy 1:41, and App-122.


Verse 23

be = have been.

thee = to thee.


Verse 24

that = in order that,

know. Greek. oida. App-132.

the Son of man. App-98and App-99. First occurance in Luke; compare twenty-sixth, Luke 24:7.

power = authority. App-172.

upon. Greek. epi. App-104.

earth. Greek. ge. App-129.


Verse 25

immediately. Greek. parachrema, See Luke 1:64; Luke 4:39. Outside Luke and Acts it occurs only in Matthew 21:19, Matthew 21:20.

to = into, as in Luke 5:24, above.


Verse 26

they . . . amazed = amazement seized them all.

filled with = filled of. Compare Luke 1:15; Luke 4:28; Luke 6:11. Matthew 22:10 (furnished). Acts 5:17, &c.

saying = saying that. See Luke 4:21, Luke 4:24, Luke 4:41; Luke 23:43, &c. seen. App-133.

strange things = paradoxes, i.e. contrary to what is generally seen.


Verse 27

after. Greek meta. App-104.

saw = viewed with attention. Greek. theaomai. App-133.

publican = toll-collector, or tax-gatherer. See on Luke 3:12.

Levi. There can be no doubt about Levi and Matthew being different names for the same person (Matthew 9:9. Mark 2:14). For similar changes, at epochs in life, compare Simon and Peter, Saul and Paul. Matthew is an abbreviation of Mattathias = Gift of God, and he is so called after this. "Sitting "shows he was a custom-house officer.

at. Greek. epi. App-104.

the receipt of custom = the toll office.


Verse 28

left = left behind. Not the same word as "forsook" in Luke 5:11.


Verse 29

feast = reception (banquet). Greek doche. Occurs only here and Luke 14:13. others. See App-124.

with = in company with. Greek. meta. App-104.


Verse 30

their scribes and Pharisees = the scribes and Pharisees among them: "their" referring to Galilean scribes, as distinguished from those of Jerusalem (Matthew 15:1). Note the same distinction as to synagogues in Matthew 4:23; Matthew 9:35, &c.

against. Greek. pros. App-104.

publicans = the publicans. See Luke 5:27.


Verse 31

whole = in health (Matt. and Mark have "strong "). This (hugiaino) is the medical word (Colossians 4:14), as in Luke 7:10; Luke 15:27. 3 John 1:2. Paul uses it in a moral sense (1 Timothy 1:10; 1 Timothy 6:3. 2 Timothy 1:13; 2 Timothy 4:3. Titus 1:9, Titus 1:13; Titus 2:1, Titus 2:2).

not. Greek. ou. App-105.

are = have themselves.

sick = sickly, in an evil condition. Greek. kakos. Adverb of kakos. App-128.


Verse 32

I came = I have come.

the righteous = righteous ones.

to = unto, with a view to. Greek. eis. App-104.

repentance. App-111.


Verse 33

often. Greek. pukna. Occurs only here and in Acts 24:26. 1 Timothy 5:23.

make prayers. Note this as distinguished from praying.

prayers = petitions, or supplications. Not used in the other Gospels. See App-134.

eat and drink. Like ordinary people, without making it a part of their religion.


Verse 34

Can ye make = Ye surely cannot (Greek. me. App-105), can ye?

children, &c. = sons (App-108.) Hebrew idiom for the bridal party.

while = in (Greek. en App-104.) the time when.


Verse 35

the days will come = there will come days [for those].

when. All the texts read "and when", following up the Figure of speech Aposiopesis (App-6), as though the time for revealing the fact of His crucifixion had not yet come.

shall be taken away. Greek. apairo. Occurs only here, and the parallels (Matthew 9:15. Mark 2:20) implying a violent death; as "lifted up" in John 3:14.

then shall they fast. As they did (Acts 13:2, Acts 13:3).


Verse 37

new = fresh made. Greek. neos. Seenote on Matthew 9:17.

bottles = wine-skins.

be spilled = it will be poured out.


Verse 38

also a parable = a parable also.

man, &c. = that no one (Greek. oudeis. App-105), [having rent a piece] from a new garment, putteth it upon an old,

new. Greek. kainos. See note on Matthew 9:17. if. App-118.

both, &c. = he will both rend the new, and the new will not agree with the old.

agreeth = harmonizeth. Greek sumphoneo.


Verse 39

better = good. So all the texts.

 


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Luke 5:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/luke-5.html. 1909-1922.

Lectionary Calendar
Friday, November 15th, 2019
the Week of Proper 27 / Ordinary 32
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