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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
Luke 9



Verse 1

His twelve disciples. Most of the texts omit "His disciples". Hence we must render. "the Twelve". Compare Luke 9:10

power. Greek dunamis. App-172.

authority. Greek exousia. See App-172.

over. Greek. epi. App-104.

devils = the demons. cure. Greek. therapeuo. Same as "heal" Luke 9:61.

Verse 2

preach = proclaim. App-121.

the kingdom of God. See App-114.

heal. Greek. iaomai. Not the same word as in Luke 9:1.

Verse 3

unto = to. Greek. pros. App-104.

for = with a view to. Greek. eis. App-104.

staves. See note on Matthew 10:10.

scrip = a collecting bag (for money). See note on Matthew 10:10.

Verse 4

ye enter = ye may enter. (The force of an.) into. Greek. eis. App-104.

Verse 5

will not = may not. (The force of an.)

not. Greek me. App-105. Not the same word as in verses: Luke 9:27, Luke 9:40, Luke 9:49; Luk_9:-50; Luk_9:53; Luk_9:55; Luk_9:56; Luk_9:58.

of = from. Greek. apo. App-104. Not the same word as in verses: Luke 9:7, Luke 9:8, Luke 9:9, Luke 7:11.

shake off, &c. Figure of speech Paroemia. App-6.

from. Greek. apo. App-104. Not the same word as in Luke 9:7.

against. Greek. epi. App-104.

Verse 6

through the towns = village by (Greek. kata. App-104.) village.

preaching the gospel = announcing the glad tidings. App-121.

Verse 7

Herod, &c. See App-109.

was done = was being done "by Him".

by. Greek. hupo. App-104. [L] T Tr. A WH R omit "by Him".

perplexed = bewildered: i.e. seeing no way out. Greek. diaporeo. Used only by Luke, here; Luke 24:4. Acts 2:12; Acts 5:24; Acts 10:17.

because. Greek. dia. App-104. Luke 9:2.

of = by. Greek. hupo. App-104.

from = out from. Greek. ek. App-104.

the dead = dead people. No Art. See App-139.

Verse 8

Elias = Elijah.

had appeared: i.e. in fulfilment of Malachi 4:5. App-106. Not the same word as in Luke 9:31.

Verse 9

of = concerning. Greek peri. App-104.

desired = was seeking. More than desiring.

see. Greek. eidon. App-133. Not the same word as in Luke 9:36

Verse 10

apostles. See the Twelve, Luke 9:1.

Bethsaida. Peculiar to Luke. See App-169. Aramaean. App-94.

Verse 11

when they knew = having got to know it. App-132. Not the same word as in verses: Luke 9:33, Luke 9:55.

healing. Greek. therapeia. Compare Luke 9:1.

Verse 12

wear away = decline.

lodge. Peculiar to Luke, here. Greek. kataluo, to unloose, disband, halt, also destroy, its most frequent meaning. Compare Luke 19:7; Luke 21:6. Matthew 5:17. Mark 14:58.

victuals = provisions.

in. Greek. en. App-104. Not the same word as in verses: Luke 9:48, Luke 9:49.

Verse 13

no. Greek. ou. App-105.

fishes; except. Supply the logical Ellipsis (App-6): "fishes, [therefore we are not able to give them to eat] except we should go", &c.

except = unless indeed.

meat = food.

Verse 14

men. Greek. Plural of aner. App-123.

to. Greek pros. App-104. Not the same word as in verses: Luke 9:9, Luke 9:16 [Conversion Note: These numbers were listed after the Luke 9:16 verse and appear to be a misprint on page 1459 of the original book: vv. 16, -51, 53, 56, 62.]

down = recline.

Verse 16

to. Greek. eis. App-104. Not the same word as in verses: Luke 9:14, Luke 9:40, Luke 9:52, Luke 14:62.

heaven = the heaven (Singular.) See notes on Matthew 6:9, Matthew 6:10.

Verse 17

remained = was over and above. Put a comma after "them".

baskets. See note on Matthew 14:20.

Verse 18

it came to pass. See note on Luke 2:1.

as He was = in (Greek. en. App-104.) His praying. The fourth of seven such recorded occasions.

praying, Peculiar to Luke, here. App-134.

Whom = Who.

Verse 19

answering said. See note on Deuteronomy 1:41.

some = others. App-124.

others. Same as "some "above.

Verse 20

The Christ = The Messiah. App-98.

Verse 21

straitly = strictly.

charged = charged (under penalty).

that thing = this. Thus closes the second of the four great periods of the Lord"s ministry. Enough had been said and done by Him. See App-119.

Verse 22

The Son of man. See App-98.

must = it is necessary. See Luke 24:26. Acts 3:18.

suffer = to suffer. This is the first mention of His

sufferings. See the Structure, and p. "L", "N", and "L", "N". Note that these are never mentioned apart from the "glory" (verses: Luke 9:26, Luke 9:32) in either O.T. or N.T.

be rejected. After trial, therefore trial premeditated, and deliberate, "after three days" (Matthew 27:63).

raised. Pass. of egeiro. App-178.

the third day. But see App-148.

Verse 23

If any man, &c. See App-118.

will come = desireth (App-102.) to come.

take up = let him take up.

daily. Peculiar to Luke, here.

Verse 24

will = desireth, or willeth (App-102.) to.

save. Greek sozo.

life = soul. Greek. psuche. App-110.

Verse 25

man. Greek. anthropos. App-123.

advantaged = profited.

if he gain = having gained. A mercantile word. world. Greek kosmos. App-129.

and lose himself = having destroyed himself.

be cast away = suffer loss. Another mercantile word.

Verse 26

shall be ashamed of = may (with Greek an) have been ashamed of; implying [before men].

him = this [one].

glory. Often mentioned by itself, but the sufferings never mentioned apart from it.

Verse 27

of a truth. Thus emphasizing the coming statement. some = some of those.

not = in no wise, or by no means. Greek. ou me (App-105).

taste of = experience [the approach of].

they see = they may possibly (Greek. an) have seen.

Verse 28

about an eight days. This is inclusive reckoning (including parts of two other days), and is exactly the same as the exclusive six days of Matthew 17:1 and Mark 9:2.

after. Greek. meta. App-104.

a = the (well known).

to pray. App-134. This is the fifth of seven such occasions. Peculiar to Luke, here.

Verse 29

And = And it came to pass.

as He prayed = in(Greek. en App-104.) His praying.

fashion = appearance.

countenance = face.

was altered = [became] different. Greek. heteros. App-124.

glistering = effulgent, or lightening forth (as though from internal light). The Eng. "glister" is from the Anglo-Saxon glisian = to shine, or glitter.

Verse 30

behold. Figure of speech Asterismos (App-6).

talked = were talking.

which = who. Moses. See App-149.

Verse 31

appeared . . . and = being seen. See App-106.

spake = were speaking. Peculiar to Luke, here.

decease. Greek. exodos. See App-149.

should = was about to.

accomplish. His death did not merely happen. It was He Who Himself accomplished it and fulfilled all the Scriptures concerning it. Compare Luke 9:53 and Isaiah 50:7.

at = in. Greek. en. Not the same word as in verses: Luke 43:61.

Verse 32

with. Greek sun. App-104. Not the same word as in Luke 9:41.

heavy = oppressed.

when they were awake = on fully waking up. Greek diagregoreo. Occurs only here.

Verse 33

as they departed = in (Greek. en. App-104.) their departing. Peculiar to Luke, here. The verb diachbrizomai Occurs only here in N.T.

Master. Greek. epistates. App-98. Used only of Christ, as having authority. tabernacles. Compare Matthew 17:4.

knowing. Greek oida. App-132. Not the same word as in Luke 9:11.

Verse 34

there came = there came to be.

overshadowed = enveloped. The word Occurs only here, Luke 1:35. Matthew 17:5. Mark 9:7. Acts 5:15.

them : i.e. the three, not the six, as the Apostles heard the voice "out of "the cloud,

as they entered = in (Greek. en. App-104.) their entering.

Verse 35

out of. Greek. ek. App-104. Not the same word as in Luke 9:5

hear = hear ye.

Verse 36

when . . . was past, literal in (Greek. en. App-104.) the passing of.

kept it close = were silent.

no man = no one. Compound of ou. App-105.

seen. Greek horao. App-133.

Verse 37

on. Greek. en App-104.

come down. Greek. katerchomai, only once outside Luke and Acts (in James 3:15.

the hill = the mountain, as in Luke 9:28.

Verse 38

Master = Teacher. App-98.

beseech. App-134.

look. Greek. epiblepo. App-133.

upon. Greek. epi. App-104.

Verse 39

lo. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6.

spirit. Greek. pneuma. App-101: a demon; Compare Luke 9:42.

suddenly. Greek exaiphnes. Only here, Luke 2:13. Mark 13:36. Acts 9:3; Acts 22:6, always in connection with supernatural events.

teareth him = throws him into convulsions.

that he foameth again = with (Greek. meta. App-104.) foaming.

bruising him = making a complete wreck of him. Compare Mark 5:4. Revelation 2:27.

Verse 40

him = it.

not. Greek. ou. App-105.

Verse 41

faithless = unbelieving.

Perverse = perverted.

with. Greek. pros. App-104. Not the same word as in verses: Luke 9:9, Luke 9:32 -, Luke 9:49.

suffer = bear with. Compare Acts 18:14. 2 Corinthians 11:1.

Verse 42

a coming = coming near.

devil = demon. A spirit, Luke 9:39.

threw = dashed.

tare = completely convulsed. Greek. susparasso. Occurs only here in N.T.

child. Greek. pais. App-108. Not the same word as in Luke 9:47.

Verse 43

amazed = astonished.

at. Greek. epi. App-104. Not the same word as in verses: Luke 9:31, Luke 9:61.

mighty power = majesty. Occurs only here, Acts 19:27, and 2 Peter 1:16.

wondered = were wondering.

Jesus. Most of the texts omit "Jesus" here.

Verse 44

sayings = words. Plural of logos. See note on Mark 9:32. Not the same word as in Luke 9:45.

shall be = is about to be.

delivered = delivered up. The second announcement of His sufferings. See the Structure on p. 1461.

Verse 45

understood not = were ignorant of.

saying. Greek. rhema. Not the same word as in Luke 9:44. See note on Mark 9:32.

hid = veiled.

perceived it not = should not understand it. Not the same word as in Luke 9:47.

Verse 46

among. Greek. en. App-104.

which = who,

greatest = greater.

Verse 47

perceiving = having seen. App-133. Not the same word as in Luke 9:45.

thought = reasoning, as in Luke 9:46.

child. App-108. Not the same word as in Luke 9:42.

by = beside. Greek para. App-104. Not the same word as in Luke 9:7.

Verse 48

in. Greek. epi. App-104.

is = subsists or exists. Greek. huparcho, not the verb "to be". See Philippians 1:2, Philippians 1:6 (being); Luke 3:20 (is).

least = lowliest.

shall be. All the texts read "is".

Verse 49

with = in association with. Greek. meta. App-104. Not the same word as in verses: Luke 9:9, Luke 9:32 -, Luke 9:41.

Verse 50

against. Greek. kata. App-104.

us. All the texts read "you".

for us = on our behalf. Greek. huper. App-104.

Verse 51

These verses are peculiar to Luke.

when the time was come = in (Greek. en. App-104.) the fulfilling of the days. Marking a certain stage of the Lord"s ministry.

that He should be received up = for the receiving Him up. Greek. analepsis. Occurs only here in the N.T. The kindred verb analambano is used of the ascension of Elijah in Septuagint. (2 Kings 2:11), and of the Lord in Mark 16:19. Acts 1:2, Acts 1:11, Acts 1:22, and 1 Timothy 3:16.

he = He Himself.

set His face. See note on Luke 9:31, Isaiah 50:7.

Verse 52

before. Greek. pro. App-104. Samaritans. Compare 2 Kings 17:26-33.

ready = to prepare [reception].

Verse 53

would go = was going.

Verse 54

Lord. App-98.

wilt. App-102.

command fire = should call down fire.

heaven = the heaven (Singular.) See note on Matthew 6:9, Matthew 6:10.

even as Elias did = as Elijah also did. See 2 Kings 1:10. Omitted by T Trm. [A] WH.

Verse 55

and said . . . save them (Luke 9:56). This clause is omitted by all the texts.

spirit. Hebrew. pneuma. See App-101.

Verse 56

is not come = came not.

lives = souls. App-110.

another = different. App-124.

Verse 57

as they went = in (Greek. en. App-104.) their going.

a certain man. A scribe (Matthew 8:19)

Lord. Om. L T Tr. [A] WI R.

Verse 58

the air = the heaven, as in Luke 9:54.

hath not where, &c. See note on Matthew 8:20, and compare Revelation 14:14.

Verse 59

suffer me = allow me. bury my father. A euphemism for declining an invitation, as the Jews buried within twenty-four hoursand did not leave the house for ten days.

Verse 60

their = their own.

preach = declare. Greek. diangello. App-121. Occurs elsewhere only in Acts 21:26 (signify). Romans 9:17.

Verse 61

let = allow. Verses Luke 61:62 are peculiar to Luke.

at home at my house = in (Greek. eis. App-104.) my house, or at home.

Verse 62

No man = no one. Compound of ou. App-105.

hand. Plough always held with one hand.

looking. App-133.


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Luke 9:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

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Tuesday, October 27th, 2020
the Week of Proper 25 / Ordinary 30
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